ESSEQUEBO [Colophon] & DEMERARY
ROYAL [Colophon] GAZETTE.
December 17th, 1808.
Command of His Excellency the Acting Lieut. Governor and the Honble: Court of
Policy of the Colonies of Essequebo and Demerary, &c. &c. &c. THIS
IS TO NOTIFY to all whom it may concern that attendance will be given at the
Offices of the respective Receivers of the Colony Chest in Essequebo and in
Demerary on Monday the 19th Inst. and following Days (Saturday and Sundays
excepted) from 9 o'Clock in the Morning 'till 1 o'Clock in the Afternoon, for
the purpose of exchanging the provisional receipts given to the holders of
Plugged Joes, for Colony Goods, which are to pass as a Colonial Currency untill
they shall be redeemed in Specie.
is to be understood that the provisional receipts, if produced at the Offices
of the Receivers by others than the Original holders of the same, must in that
case be endorsed by the latter.
House, Stabroek, Demerary,
Secty. of the Colony.
Planters and Owners [centered]
IS HEREBY GIVEN, that a fair Value will be Paid by Government for any old
Ships, Vessels, Droghers, Colony Boats or Punts, that are found no longer
Sea-Worthy, or fit to be repaired, for the purpose of being placed as
break-waters to check the encroachments of the Sea at Fort William Frederick
and the adjacent Coast.
will be received at this Office.
Command of His Excellency
CASK OF BUCK BEADS [heading]
follows, - [centered]
56 - Spanish-Blue,
86 - Milk-White,
10th Decbr. 1808.
is hereby given to the Inhabitants of this Colony that the period for the
Returns of Slaves is approaching.
Printed Forms for those Returns will be ready for delivery by the 27th Instant,
and it will be published in the next Week's Papers, the different places at
which they are to be obtained. These Returns having been omitted by especial
orders for the last Six Months, they will now comprise the whole Year and must
be given in at the King's Receivers Office between the First and Twenty-first
days of January next, where attendance will be given from 9 o'Clock untill 1
o'Clock every day (Saturdays, Sundays & Holydays excepted.)
17th December 1808.
Phipps, Slave Register.
FOR SALE. [heading]
Plantations Zorg & Hoop and Rome, at 10 stivers per bunch.
Wooden Vatt Hoops fit for large Sugar Casks, at f 140 per thousand
17th Decr. 1808.
from the Subscriber for some Months, a Negro Man named Sundy, he is tall and
thin, has a great impediment in his speech, with yellow spots in his face, a
native of Antigua; he has lately become a noted Cardplayer and Dancer, which
has caused his leaving the Subscriber's service. Two Joes Reward will be paid
on his delivery in Cumingsburg, to
17th December, 1808.
Few Hundred Ears of Corn. -
of the Printer.
17th December 1808.
Ship Maxwell, John Edwards Master, will sail the second springs in January.
For Freight or Passage apply to
Deane & Co.
17th December 1808.
respectfully informs his Friends and the Public, that having taken over THE
UNION COFFEE-HOUSE, and intends carrying on the Business as heretofore by the
late Mr. M. Campbell, - where he flatters himself to give every satisfaction.
The House will be ready to receive Gentlemen as Boarders in all next Week;
further particulars will be made known in next Paper. Thomas Marsh.
The House at present occupied by him is either for Sale or to Let.
17th December 1808.
Landing from the Ship Ceres, from Liverpool, and for sale by the Subscribers:
Fish in boxes,
clothing and blankets,
ware in crates assorted.
hand, cordage, canvas, ironmongery of all kinds, tarras, a few barrels Isle of
Malo salt, etc.
December 17th, 1808.
Subscriber has just received from on board the Neried, Johnston, from Glasgow,
an assortment of Dry Goods which he offers For Sale on reasonable Terms at his
Store on Werk & Rust:-
parcel muslins, embroidered and plain,
& Childrens caps,
in for Gowns,
Persian of different colours,
cambric & cotton,
crape for hats and Ladies shawls,
and Gents black silk stocking & gloves,
linen and sheeting,
linen, Long lawn,
cloths and napkins,
and shirt buttons,
black silk hats,
and servants hats,
and Gents gloves,
pullies for globes,
do. and thread do.
pipes in boxes,
spades, Iron pots,
and other ironmongery,
and blacking balls,
black hair sofas,
mahogany chest drawers,
small assortment of amusing books,
shades with plated stands,
set chrystal desert ware complete,
decanters and wine glasses,
consisting of saddles, hussar, pelham and snaffle bribles [sic],
& chaise whips,
ware consisting of Dish covers, stew pans, iron kettle tined [sic] and covered,
pans, grid irons,
brooms, scrubbing brushes, foot and furniture brushes,
fish in boxes,
herrings in kegs,
real coniac [sic] brandy,
oil, with a variety of other articles too numerous to insert.
17th December, 1808.
Secretary's-Office, Demerary. [heading]
Notice is hereby given on the part of the Secretary, that the
following Persons intend Quitting this Colony, at the expiration of the
following dates, VIZ: -
Mrs. Mary Seaward, in 14 days. Decbr. 9th.
Mrs. Elizabeth Price, in 14 days. Decbr. 2d.
John Brown in 14 days or 3 weeks. Decbr. 3d.
Robt: Ramsay, in 14 days. 29th November.
Edward Messum, in 14 days. December 3d.
J. C. Stadtman, First Clerk.
BY EDICT. [heading]
Virtue of an extract of the minutes of the Ordinary Court of Rolls dated 6th
December 1808, are herewith by me the Underwritten First Marshal of the Honble.
Court of Justice of this Colony, in the name and behalf of F. J. Huesteeg and
J. Schneido Curators to the Estate of J. van Millingen deceased, for the fourth
time exsuperabundantie by Edict Summon'd all known and unknown Creditors to the
before-named Estate, to appear before the Honble. Court of Justice, at their
Session, to be held in the Town of Stabroek on the 16th of January 1809 and
following days, in order to render as yet their pretentions in due form and lay
their claim thereto; whereas after the expiration of this fourth and last Edict
will be proceeded against the non appearers according to Law. Thus published
and affixed there and where it ought to be.
Demerary, the 14th December, 1808.
Smit, First Marshal.
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday the 19th, 20th and 21st Decr. [see 18081001EDRG]
. . .
the same day will be sold, twenty head of Cattle.
10th. Robert Kingston.
Tuesday the 20th inst. at the store of mr. H. Abraham, - fine printed calicos
in pieces of 28 yards each, extra fine muslins, shawls, head handkerchiefs,
trimmings, black crape, musqueto netting, Ladies made dresses of the newest
fashion, pullicat and cambric handkerchiefs, silk and cotton stockings, and
woolen do. for the gout, white leather gloves, sleeves, fine threads, lace
veils, chaise whips, shoe blacking, ironmongery, and several other articles.
17th. Robert Kingston.
Vrydag den 23 Decr. zal ter wees en onbeheerde boedel kamer verkogt worden de
looten No 12, 13 gelegen op Cumingsburg met de huis zingen op dezelve twee
schoenders, een byda niewe met zeylen en tuyg, boat en huis neegers, kleederen
goud en silversmiths gereedschappen en wat verder geveyld zal worden, de
schoenders kunnen gezien worden leggende voor Robb's stelling mits zig
adresseerrende aan de Heer Cotton Brown, ende inventorissen ter Griffie der
wees en onbeheerde boedel kamer agt dagen voor de Vendue zynde dit be boedels
van Nathan Smith, Sandbergen en A. Vermey -- Ten zelve daage en plaatse zal
meede verkogt worden op last der arm kas de boedel van wylen H. W. Lookey
bestaande in Horlogien tot dien tyd ongereclameerd gereedschappen, &c.
10. Robert Kingston.
at Fire at Trinidad – double-check – did I?]
Markordt having taken Lodgings at the House of Mrs. Van Hove on Vlissingen,
requests the favour of such ladies or Gentlemen wishing to cultivate music or
have their Children instructed in this art; he teaches the Piano Forte, the
Violin, Violencello, and in general all kinds of music, and will give lessons
on moderate terms by the lesson, month or year, either at the houses of his
scholars or at his chambers.
17th December, 1808.
Heer Markordt zynde gaan woonen in het Huis van Mevrw: Van Hove op Vlissingen
verzoekt de gienst van de Dames en Heeren welke wenchen musiek te beoffenen, of
hun kinderen hier in onderweezen te zein, Hy leerd de Piano Forte, Fiool, Bas,
in eene woord alle zoorte van muziek, hy zal op de gematigste conditien lesten
geeven by de les, maand, of jaar, het zy aan het huis zyner scholieren of in
17 December, 1808.
Subscriber informs the Public, his premises were broke open last night and an
Earthen Jar containing 4 Gallons Carappi or Balsam of Peru, and two dried Hides
stolen therefrom, - besides Fowls, Wine &c. He trusts every person to whom
such articles may be offered for sale will stop the party and give immediate
17th December 1808.
in front of Pl: Best, two Punts, one 28 feet long and 8 feet broad, with two
thwarts; the other 15 feet long and 4 1/2 feet broad. The Owners may have them
restored on paying the expence of Advertising and a Reward to the Negroes who
Best, 17th December, 1808.
himself from the Subscriber about three Weeks ago, a Negro Boy called Polidore.
He was sent to Mahaica with a pass, and not having returned the said pass is
of no value. He had been seen lurking some where about the Camp. A reward of
Two Joes will be given for apprehending and delivering him to
will let the Lower-Storie of the House occupied by Mr. Greenwood, on Werk &
Rust, with a large Store, &c.
17th Decbr. 1808.
from Robb's Stelling on the Evening of the 14th inst. a Punt. A reward will be
given for any information that may lead to her recovery, by applying to the Printer.
17th December, 1808.
SALE BY THE SUBSCRIBER. [heading]
Cargo of the Ship Hero, Capt. Carnochan, from Newbrunswick, consisting of -
White Pine Lumber assorted,
Boards, Boat Spars,
in barrels and tubs,
Herrings, Mackerel, Shads, &c.
December 17th 1808.
Subscribers offer for Sale at their Store near the American Stelling, the
undermentioned Articles, just imported; at reduced prices for immediate
Mess Beef & Pork in whole and half Barrels,
butter in half firkins,
herrings in kegs,
bedsteads with mattrasses &c. complete,
silk and beaver hats,
buck and Doeskin gloves,
long silk and leather ditto,
gloves for funerals,
and cotton hose,
and cotton Socks,
and cotton braces,
and many other articles,
& Saml: Massiah.
17th December, 1808.
House in South-Street opposite the store of William Roach Esq. For particulars
apply to the Printer.
17th December, 1808.
Persons having demands against the Estate of John Ley Harrop deceased, or
Plantation Hackney, Pomeroon, will please render statements of the same unto D.
Van Sertema Esq. Fort Island, or unto the Subscribers, and those indebted to
said J. L. Harrop, or said Plantation are requested to make immediate payment
17th December 1808.
Subscriber intending to leave the Colony for Europe, in the month of April
next, requests all persons having demands against him to render the same for
payment, on Plantation Essex, Mahaica, previous to the 1st March, 1809. Those
who have claims against him in Berbice, will recieve [sic] payment on
Plantation Whim, Courantyne Coast. It is wished that this notice should be
attended to, the Subscriber being unwilling to occasion his Attornies any
trouble after his departure. Such as are indebted for Plantains delivered from
Plantation Alliance, will please come forward with payment for the same.
17th December, 1808.
a Negro named Calcutta. A Joe of Reward to any person that will bring him to
& Rust, 17th December 1808.
Imported in the Ship Caledonia, Captain Thompson, from Liverpool, and
reasonable Prices by the Subscribers:- [centered]
mess Beef in half barrels,
pork in barrels,
in half barrels,
Jackets lined and unlined,
blue, black & scarlet cloth,
and olive cassimere,
and Ladies patent silk hats,
fashionable hessian boots,
finished fusees with bayonets,
shovels & cutlasses,
assorted from 4dy to 30dy,
white wine vinegar,
Rhubarb, and Calomel in bottles,
fish in bulk
hoops 10, 11, 12 and 13 feet,
and pale beer in bottles,
porter in ditto,
crates Glass ware,
building lime in tierces and hogsheads,
a variety of other articles too tedious to name. M'Inroy, Sandbach & Co.
17th December, 1808.
Subscriber offers for sale (together or singly) Nine excellent Carpenter
Negroes of which number four are very superior. Any person desirous of seeing
them will please address themselves to the Subscriber in Canal No 1, who will
give long credit to any purchaser will give good Bills of exchange. The
Negroes are sold for sound and healthy.
Onderneeming Canal No 1, Decbr. 17th 1808.
B. MAGGEE [heading]
informs his Friends and Customers that he has removed from the House of Mr.
Henry M. Waldron, Cumingsburgh, to that next Mrs. Dougan's, North Dam,
Stabroek, where he still carries on his business, and begs a continuance of
their favours assuring them every attention will be paid to give satisfaction.
note: no 'posting' date given]
Tuesday and Wednesday last the Ships Ceres and Maxwell arrived here from
Liverpool, but brought nothing later than what we have already given.
observe in a late Barbados Paper, that His Majesty's Ship Stork has lately
arrived there from the Brazils, where she left Sir Sidney Smith. At the time
the Stork left Rio Janeiro, a report was prevalent, that, the Port of Buenos
Ayres was open to the British, and that the Inhabitants had declared in favour
of Ferdinand VII.
Majesty's Brig Wolverine arrived lately in Barbados from Halifax, when she
left, there were twenty-five Transports embarking Troops for the West Indies.
Sir G. Prevost accompanies them.
Blockade of the Islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe is carried on with the
utmost rigour. Several American Vessels have been lately detained on leaving
to the latest accounts from Barbados 1600 barrels of Flour had arrived in the
short space of Three Days.
Ulyses [sic], 44, has sent a large American Ship of 22 Guns and 44 Men, into
Antigua for Adjudication. She was from New York and was cleared for
Charleston, but was shaping her course for Martinique.
Epervier has sent an American Sloop and Brig into Dominica, also bound to
Entered and Cleared since our last. [heading]
Hero, Carnochan, New Brunswick.
Ceres, Tears, Liverpool. - Ship Maxwell, Edwards, Ditto.
Friendship, Capt. Greenidge, for Barbados.
Dispatch, Shaw, Ditto. - Ship Fame, Williams, Liverpool. - Ship Kelton, Miles,
following Manifesto, published in the Valencia Diary of June 6th 1808, which
was brought from the Oronoque by a Gentleman forming part of our late Embassy
thither, will shew that the Spaniards have a clear and distinct idea of the
Ambitious Views of Bonaparte, and there is no doubt that the aversion here
expressed to his Tyrannical Ambition, pervades the Nation at large. It his
been translated by the same Gentleman who brought it - and we insert it with
the more pleasure, as we believe it has not previously appeared in English
Veil, Napoleon, which hung before thy criminal perfidy is now undrawn. - The
Mystery which concealed thy hypocrisy is now brought to light. - It is now
clear as the meridian Sun, that thy dissembling and low born ambition knows no
bounds and respects no laws. - This is the main-spring of thy never-ceasing
plots. - It is this that makes thee deviate from the ways of truth. - Thou
inventest falsehoods in order to deceive, - thou deceivest in order to command,
- thou commandest in order to plunder, - thou plunderest in order to reign, -
and thou reignest in order to exterminate. Such has been thy conduct in Rome,
in Naples, in Germany, in Prussia, in Italy, in Etruria, in Holland, in
Portugal, and in Spain. - Attend a moment: answer me and tell me the truth for
one, tho' it be against thy natural propensity. - Supposing that thou
conquerest Spain, that thou plunderest her and that thou reignest in her, in
person, or appointest somebody else as bad as thyself, supposing that thou
easest the labourers of their burdens which is thy continual boast, and being
master of the Country supposing that thou drainest it of 300,000 of its
choicest warriors, forcing them to fight for thee in some distant country and
then re-refusing [sic] them the last offices due to the slain, say, in this
case is it not true that thou wilt employ thy forces to exterminate the house
of Austria, it being thy intention to cause it the same funeral sorrows as thou
hast caused to that of Bourbon - Is it not true that thou wilt employ the
strength which thou takest from Austria to bring the Circles of Germany under
thy tyrannical sway, - dethroning the Kings thou has just made? - Secondly,
wilt thou not take the title of Emperor of the West, or, aiding the Sovereign
of Russia and then destroying the power of Prussia, Turkey, and Persia wilt
thou allow him to take this title? - It is well known that thou hast made him
the offer: - But following the bent of thy depraved intentions and erroneous
impulse, thou wilt never consent to have a rival - and thou wilt destroy him
ambition without bounds - but not without chastisement. - Tell me now what thou
hast determined to do in Spain, - what is to be her lot? - Spain always thy
ally, and on thy account hostile to the English, - Spain who has facilitated to
thee, the victories of Marengo, Austerlitz &c. - Spain cannot be called
inactive for at this moment here troops are shedding their blood in the north,
in order to please thy caprice. - Spain has always been ready to comply with
thy wishes, what reward has she to expect from thy never ceasing generosity,
thou hast exclaimed a thousand times that thy love for her is perfect, - that
thou art her faithful ally, that thou wilt repay her services with excess, and
that she is worthy of all thy great protection. - O happy Spain in such a
mighty protector, - a protector sent from Heaven to make Spain happy, Yes, - to
complete her happiness thou hast sent her thy troops and invited to Bayonne all
her Royal Family and many of her Grandees, in order to instruct them in the
laws of the French Code, and to give them a certain precious knowledge of the
art of reigning. - Tell me Napoleon have I not spoken the truth. - Either the
curtain of the stage on which thou art representing, is going to be drawn, or,
thy Comedy is about to end in deep tragedy. - Thou hast persuaded thyself that
all the Spaniards are as easy to be deceived as Charles and Ferdinand, or
wicked enough to betray their Country as the Prince of Peace has done. - Thou
believest that Spain is petrified at the sight of the Phantom of thy
far-founded power, and struck with panic at hearing the sacriligeous boastings
of thy flatterer, and thou persuadest thyself that Spain, after the examples of
Charles and Ferdinand and the Royal Family whom thou hast invited and inveigled
into Bayonne, convinced of the happiness which thou hast promised her, will put
into thy hands the election of the person who is to be her King; - Or that like
Italy shi will entreat thee to accept her Crown. - In this manner have all
those acted, who appointed thee Judge and amiable adjustor of the disputes
which thou thyself hadst created: - and of course, no law whatsoever can
entitle thee to judge and chastise the misdemeanors which may have arisen from
them. How true it is, that for thee Spain has become a skeleton. - It is
likewise true that some few of the unhappy partisans of that traitor whose
iniquity could only be patronised by thine, will think the same as their Chief.
- And it is also true, that, heretofore many people believed Napoleon to be a
man of worth, of Genius, and of consistency. - But now listen and the whole
Nation will tell thee what she knows of thee, what she believes of thee, and
what she hopes of thee. - The voice of all is unanimous. - Attend. - Spain is
convinced that it is not in thy nature to speak the truth, - and that all thy
action are full of deceit. - That thy thirst for human blood is insatiable, and
that thou art the wicked King who swarmed with Horned locusts which mean the
Herds seen by St. John. He was called APOLEON [sic] as much as to say,
Exterminator. - Spain is persuaded that God has ordered thee up from below, to
chastise her: - And that thou arte wishful that she should partake of the same
bitter cup which thou hast made the surrounding Nations drink of, - Nations
whom thou boasteth to have made happy and free. - Spain knows that all thy
thoughts and all thy actions are analogous to thy vile birth, to thy religion
(tho' by the by thou hast none) and to thy criminal conduct. - She knows that
thou hast sent thy troops, tho' under false pretexts, to subject her, to
plunder her, and to ransack her. - She knows that all the free speeches of thy
Emissaries were only made with a design to incline her to love thee and abhor
the Bourbons; she knows that the protestations and renunciations of Ferdinand
were violent and forced by thee in order to deceive the world. And granting
that they were lawful in themselves, they can be of no avail because they were
forced. - All thy decrees the dictates of thy ambition and of thy power, are
null and void. - Spain has heard of the offers and promises thou hast made to
ease the labourers of their burdens. - Thou has done so truly, taking care to
secure for thyself a third part of every thing that hath been gathered. - She
knows that in France there are Fathers who once had seven Sons, and now not one
remaining, and Widows who will never see again one of their numerous progeny. -
She knows that if thou reignest in Spain, Fathers must take a long and lasting
farewell of their Sons from the age of 16 to 40 for they will never return as
long as there is war. - and war there will be as long as they livest. - She knows
she must be deprived of her Religion, as the rest of the states have been,
which thou hast organized. - Thou wilt destroy her Priests, thou wilt profane
and plunder her Churches, - thou wilt seize her Ornaments and revenues, - thou
wilt break in pieces her statues, thou wilt make thyself master of all her
property, and in a word - thou wilt take every thing. - This is what Spain
knows, listen now to what she believes. - She believes that thou art the enemy
of all Europe - that thou hast ruined Commerce, Agriculture, Arts and Religion,
wheresoever thou hast been. - That if thou becomest her King thou wilt deprive
her of 800,000 warriors, and all her riches and leave her nothing but her eyes
to weep the same miseries, misfortunes and poverty which the other nations
under thy dominion suffer, - and which thou wouldst fain make us believe are
happy. - She believes that the disagreements betwixt Charles and Ferdinand had
their source from thee, availing thyself of the shallow understanding of the
first, - of the goodness of the second, and of the treacherous heart of the
Prince of Peace. - And that his villain did every thing he chose for thee, in
Madrid, Toledo, Seville, and in the other Cities of Spain as though the Kingdom
had been his. - That thou hast inveigled the Family of Bourbon into Bayonne in
order to bury it. - In fine she believes that only Antichrist whose precursor
thou art can be more wicked or more perfidious than thyself. - This is what
Spain believes, listen now to what she expects. - She expects nothing from
thee, - thou canst give her nothing. - She expects that rising in mass she is
able to resist thee and will turn all thy infernal machinations and military
talents into scorn - She expects that her Spaniards will choose to lose their
lives in defence of their Fortunes, their Country and their Religion at home
rather than be conducted by thee to a place where they will not find a
sepulchre. - She expects never to be governed by one of so low a birth as
thyself. - She expects to conquer Napoleon, that monster of iniquity, and to
free the powers of Europe which he hath enslaved. - In fine she is anxiously
expecting thy disastrous end, which cannot differ much from that which Nabuco,
Sapan and others have met with, who swelled with pride took pleasure in hearing
the flattering and blasphemous appellations of All Powerful &c. which
wicked and vile creatures gave thee. - She trusts not so much in her own forces
as in God, who frustrated and discovered thy shocking plots on the 13th of
March. - She expects that His Divine Majesty will not give thee power to
destroy us but only to torment us for a little time, us who are marked with the
sign of God, us who are Spanish Christians. - Expect, that armed with the sign
of the Cross as with a shield, Spain will be the instrument which God will make
use of for the Christian conquest of the world, - and in fine expect that she
will make thee give up all that thou hast plundered from God, from the
Churches, and from Europe, - She will chastise thee as thy crimes deserve, she
will free the World from a tyrannical usurper, from a troublesome heretick,
from a child of Sin, from a perfidious and common enemy of God, of his Church,
and of all the human race. - It only remains now to know what thou expectest
from Spain. - Dost thou expect that she will proclaim thee King? - O no, - she
never will, - she has before her eyes all that Italy hath suffered for
proclaiming thee King. - Dost thou expect that she will entreat thy brother
Joseph to accept the regal power? No, indeed she will not, - she will not
bring upon herself the woes which Naples hath done. - She cannot concieve [sic]
that any body can be her King except Ferdinand who is the sworn successor of
Charles. - Dost thou imagine that thou hast many friends in Spain? If so, do
undecieve [sic] thyself. - Well is known the indignant treatment poor Moreau,
Pichegru, and Villeneuve received, - who were the very generals who served thee
and contributed to thy elevation or rather, usurpation. - Dost thou expect that
Spain will acknowledge that thou hast conquered her, and that with no greater
loss than 25 frenchmen [sic] thou hast slain 3000 Spaniards. No. - No. -
Believe that Spain will speak nothing but the truth. Spain affirms that the
fortresses which thou sayest thou hast made thyself master of, were all
delivered up to thee by order of thy friend the Prince of Peace - But the same
did not take place in the Cities, for they gave thee a sufficient proof in
Madrilenos del pueblo baxo of the VALOR of her troops when without any arms
except their knives they slew 5000 French with the small loss of only 200 men.
- This is the truth which never appeared in thy Gazettes. - In a word, thou
mayest hope to conquer Spain, but she is well assured that wert thou even to
conquer her it would be with immense loss, - and thou wouldst not gain a single
heart. - But I pray thee, do not flatter thyself that thou canst conquer her.
On the contrary expect chastisement due to the most scandalous iniquity that
hath ever existed on the face of the earth. - Expect the same that thou
threatenest England with, for what she did in Denmark, yes, expect more, for
infinitely greater is the crime which thou hast committed. Expect that thine
own troops will abandon thee and join thine enemies. - Expect that whilst thou
art glutting thyself in Spain, all the surrounding Nations who abhore thee will
rise up against thee. It is Spain will conquer thee and put an end to thin
Empire, and under the banner of the Cross will extend her own to the confines of
the Earth. Wherefore Napoleon, begin to fear, for thy end is close at hand.
Fear Spain, not so much on account of her valor, as on account of thine own
wickedness. - Fear the God who protects her and on whom she relies; for that
same God who with a handful of Hebrews overthrew the army of Philistinse [sic]
which on account of its numbers was compared to the sands of the Sea - that
same God who in the like manner destroyed the army of Xerxes composed of
5,000,000 of foot and 100,000 horse, will send his Angels to fight for the
Spaniards, as he has done heretofore. He will send them more particulars in a
war in which the interest and honour of his Religion is concerned, and they
will exterminate an army so wretched as thine is, so miserable, so wearied, and
so deprived of every necessary.
JEFFERSON's ANSWER [heading]
THE BOSTON PETITION. [heading]
following answer to the petition of the inhabitants of this town, from the
President of the United States was received yesterday by the Selectmen, and is
now presented to the public by their order.
Sept. 6, 1808.
beg leave to communicate through you the inclosed answer to the representation
which came to me under cover from you, and to add the assurances of my respect.
Bulfinch, Esq. for [right pointing brace]
Selectmen of Boston.
the inhabitants of the Town of Boston in legal [heading]
meeting assembled. [heading]
representation and request were received on the 22d inst. and have been
considered with the attention due to every expression of the sentiments and
feelings of so respectable a body of my fellow citizens. No person has seen,
with more concern than myself, the inconveniences brought on our country in
general, by the circumstances of the times in which we happen to live; time to
which the history of nations presents no parallel. For years we have been
looking as spectators on our brethren of Europe, afflicted with all those evils
which necessarily follow an abandonment of the moral rules which bind men and
nations together unconnected with them in friendship and commerce, we have
happily so far kept aloof from their calamitous conflicts, by a steady
observance of justice towards all, by much forbearance, and multiplied
sacrifices. At length however, all regard to the rights of others having been
thrown aside, the belligerent powers have beset the highway of commercial
intercourse with edicts, which taken together, expose our commerce and
mariners, under almost every destination, a prey to their fleets and armies.
Each party indeed would admit our commerce with themselves, with the view of
associating us in their war against the other. But we never wished war with
neither [sic]. - Under these circumstances were passed he laws of which you
complain, by those delegated to exercise the powers of legislation for you,
with every sympathy of a common interest in exercising them faithfully. In
reviewing these measures therefore, we should advert to the difficulties out of
which a choice was of necessity to be made. - To have submitted our rightful
commerce to prohibitions and tributary exactions from others, would have been
to surrender our independence. To resist them by arms was war, without
consulting the state of things or the choice of the nations. The alternative
preferred by the Legislature of suspending a commerce placed under such
unexampled difficulties, besides saving to our citizens their property, and our
mariners to their country, has the peculiar advantage of giving time to the
belligerent nations to revise a conduct as contrary to their interests as it is
to our rights.
the event of such peace, or suspension of hostilities between the belligerent
powers of Europe, or of such change in their measures affecting neutral
commerce, as may render that of the U. States sufficiently safe, in the
judgment of the President," he is authorised to suspend the embargo. But
no peace or suspension of hostilities, no change of measures affecting neutral
commerce, is known to have taken place. - The Orders of England, and the
Decrees of France and Spain, existing at the date of these laws, are still
unrepealed as far as we know. In Spain indeed a contest for the Government
appears to have arisen; - but of its course and prospects, we have no
information on which prudence would undertake a hasty change in our policy,
even were the authority of the executive competent to such a decision.
desire that, in this defeat of power, Congress may be specially convened. It
is unnecessary to examine the evidence or the character of the facts which are
supposed to dictate such a call: Because you will be sensible, on an attention
to dates, that the legal period of their meeting is as early as, in this
extensive country, they could be fully convened by a special call.
should, with great willingness, have executed the wishes of the Inhabitants of
the town of Boston, had peace, or a repeal of the obnoxious edict, or other
changes, produced the case in which alone the laws have given me that
authority; and so many motives of justice and interest lead to such changes,
that we ought continually to expect them. But while these edicts remain, the
Legislature alone can prescribe the course to be pursued.
26, 1808. Th: Jefferson.
Printed and Published
By Edward James Henery.
Supplement to the Essequebo
& Demerary Royal Gazette.
Saturday, December 17th,
- Printed by E. J. Henery.
List of Runaway and Arrested Slaves]