ESSEQUEBO [Colophon] & DEMERARY
ROYAL [Colophon] GAZETTE.
TUESDAY, JUNE 16, 1812.
in the possession of a Negro, a few days past, a GOLD WATCH, with a black
silk-ribbon, and a gold key, with a Cornelian stone, to it. Whoever can prove
it to be his or her property, will have the same returned, on applying at the
Fiscal's Office. June 15.
June 16, 1812.
willing to Contract for the following Work, viz. Three Brick Bridges, opposite
the three principal streets, leading east and west, in the district of
Cumingsburg - will be pleased to give in Tenders for the whole or part thereof,
at this Office, (where Plans may be seen) until Saturday, the 4th of July next;
when they will be opened in presence of the Commissaries of George-Town, and
the lowest offer (if approved of) accepted.
Van Den Velden,
Contractor is to be bound in the penalty of One Hundred Pounds Sterling, for
the due performance of his contract.
PUNT LOST from along-side the American Brig Penelope, on Friday morning last.
Her length is 36 feet by [blank?] - built of Crabwood, and floored with
Cabacally timber, without a cross-beam. A reward of One Joe will be given to
any person giving information, so that she may be discovered, by the
15. Heneage Williams.
to Hire or Purchase - a SMALL HOUSE, in the back-part of Cumingsburg.
Particulars (sealed up) addressed to A. B. to be left with the Printer. June
to Purchase, a Young Woman, to attend upon a lady. Any person desirous of
disposing of a servant of this kind, possessing a good character, and a capable
and lively temper, will please apply to the Printer of this Paper. June 16.
quality NEWFOUNDLAND COD FISH, in 3, 4, 6, and quintal casks; for which Produce
will be taken in payment.
16. Garden, King, and Co.
excellant [sic] Saddle-Horse.
at the Printing-Office.
note: no 'posting' date]
SECRETARY's OFFICE, [heading]
is to inform the
that the following Persons intend quitting this Colony;-
het Secretary deezer Colonie word geadverteerd
de volgende Persoonen
voorneemens zyn van hier
elders te vertrekken, viz;
Mackenzie, in one month, or in [right pointing brace]
Brig Penelope, . . . from June 5.
Trotman, in 14 days or 6 weeks, . . . . . . . 5.
Gowdy, with 5 servants, in do. . . . . . . 5.
Rose, in 14 days, or one month . . . . . . . . 6.
Granes, in 14 days or 6 weeks . . . . . . . . 6.
Hawkesworth, in do. or one month . . . . . . 8.
Fraser, in do. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.
Furnace, and family, in do. or 6 weeks . . . . 11.
Hon. A. Meertens, with the first Packet, [right pointing brace]
in 14 days, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.
M'Intyre, in 6 weeks, or by the Ship Traveller 12.
Office, Demerary, June 13, 1812.
note: in the above, the qualification of 'DEMERARY' ends with this issue]
PUBLIC VENDUES [heading]
IN DEMERARY. [heading]
Wednesday the 24th, and Thursday the 25th inst. at the store of Messrs.
Simpson, Rose, Croal, & Co. - their stock of goods on hand, consisting of
dry goods, provisions, and ironmongery. Also the buildings at present occupied
by them. - The goods at three months credit, and terms of the premises will be
made known on the day of sale.
16. Robert Kingston.
Schooner Fame, Capt. Greenidge, arrived yesterday from Barbados, and has
brought Papers to 6th instant.
only domestic occurrence, we feel of importance enough to announce, is - the
commencement yesterday, of the June-Session of our Court of Justice; but it
does not appear that any very interesting case has been argued yet. We regret
to add that, though better now, His Excellency was too much indisposed to
attend. The Chair of Presidency, was however, ably filled by the Honourable
respect to Foreign Intelligence, notwithstanding what appears this day under
that head, we regret that our present number exhibits nearly the same
barrenness as those of last week; and more particularly do we lament that no
arrival has taken place from Great Britain, either at Barbados or in our own
River - because, on the Stage of Europe, there is doubtless performing at this
moment, a drama of the most interesting and awful nature, the World's eye ever
beheld! For, if we turn to England, (a country now more than ever deserving
the tender name of Mother of these United Colonies, from the benign
interposition of her Illustrious Regent) may we not suppose that she is
determining on a line of conduct towards the Government of America, which will
render their Art of Guessing useless in time to come and constrain them either
to form an alliance, or to sound the war-whoop over the same land which will
certainly, in that case, become their sepulchre! - Or, in the next place, in
regard to Spain, if late report be correct, and the Allied Army has proceeded
in its laurelled route, where is the improbability of its being near the gates
of Madrid, and the ruins of the French Army being about to be placed as stop-gaps
in the Pyrenees? - In the third place, from Russia if the late news be true,
War having been declared, and the Standard of a New Coalition raised on the
frontiers of Poland; may not, in consequence, a blow be now giving, fatal to
France and here Allies - fatal, in consequence, to the Berlin and Milan Decrees
- and fatal to the Orders in Council; - but, on the other hand, contributary to
the emancipation of Commerce, and the establishment of Peace.
OF ST. VINCENT. [heading]
May 16. - On Sunday last, the Mountain having shewn hardly any signs of
commotion, and emitting but a light grey coloured smoke, some gentlemen from
the windward side ventured to proceed up to the top, to examine its
appearances. On their arrival at the edge of the crater, the scene became
awful - a gulph, of an immense distance across, presented itself to their view;
but the vast aperture so choaked [sic] up with smoke and flame, hindered them
from seeing its depth and figure; the rumbling noise also became so deafening,
and the sulphurous steam which it emitted, obliged them to retreat from the
place before they had sufficiently ascertained the changes which the Mountain
has undergone. They, however, distinctly saw that an immense chasm had been
formed on the declivity of the north-east side of it, and, from the whirlwinds
of smoke it sends up, they conclude it to be a new crater formed there. None,
however, of those violent paroxysms which continued to disturb the tranquillity
of the Mountain, have, during the last week, returned; so that we trust soon to
see the whole face of nature begin once more to resemble its former appearance.
Many people continue daily to visit the
dreadful irregularities of nature which the north end of the island present;
but it is very dangerous to walk over any part of the ground of Morne Ronde
downwards, or to attempt to approach the Mountain on that side, as many evils
may be produced by the subterraneous fire which the earth appears as yet to be
filled with. This is evidently the case: as, by thrusting a stick beneath the
surface, the hole which it makes instantly becomes a furnace, answering all the
purposes of culinary fire. The waters of the Wallibou and Rabacca rivers have
not yet begun to flow. The liquid fire which forced its way through the
gullies of the Mountain is found to have risen to an immense height in the
channels of these rivers, in some places upwards of eighty feet; so that we
very much fear the water will never return to its former stream, and some lapse
of time may probably occur before the rivers even make for themselves new
feel deep regret in noticing the dreadful state of desolation to which the
Wallibou and Richmond Estates are reduced. Indeed, the severity of the losses
which the Planters resident in the vicinity of the Souffriere have sustained,
is as yet beyond all calculation, and every computation is totally inadequate
to give an idea of it.
23. - The changes which the Souffriere Mountain has undergone from the late
eruption, having with unabated enterprise for the last fortnight occupied the
inspection of the inquisitive, its physical state has at length been correctly
ascertained: and, that a new crater is formed is no longer doubtful, the
geology of which we have taken some pains to be informed of.
700 yards from the flag-staff, which was formerly erected on the East brink of
the old crater, is a new one opened, which strikes off at right angles, and is
only separated from the old Souffriere by a narrow ridge, and extends in a North-east
direction towards a steep protuberance of the Mountain, usually called the
Grant's Ridge; and from the mouth of this crater, which is of an oblong shape,
it is generally supposed, those torrents of volcanic matter which have covered
the Charib country, and reduced it to a frightful desart [sic], came from.
ascent of the Morne-Souffriere from the leeward side, although there is not a
tree nor a shrub standing to impede the earth not offering a firm footing, from
its muddy and slippery state; and the tourist in climbering [sic] up its steep
sides, every step he takes sinks back half way: while on the windward side,
which was before inaccessible of approach, it has now become an easy track to
Gentlemen who visited the Mountain twice during the last week, approached the
edge of the old crater with fearful awe, dreading to look down at the frightful
gulf below, where eternal murmurs, which seemed to contend with the lowest
depth of the Mountain, continued to rage with tremendous violence. Frightful
precipices, several hundred feet perpendicularly drawn, are to be seen in this
amazing cavern; and the spot in the bottom, upon which that beautiful
amphitheatre the conical mount once stood, is now filled up with a diffusion of
water of a wide expanse, which would appear to be collected from two cataracts
which spout down from a spring on the North-side of this immense chasm; the
lake is also supplied by a small stream, which rolls down on the North-east
side; and the immense pool, in a state of constant effervesence and dreadful
agitation, continued during the last week to belch up large masses of mud and
black sand, which fell perpendicularly downwards, and which in perspective
appeared like a crowd of porpoises jumping about in their native element, while
a foam of whitening the margin of the lake dashed with irresistible force on
the beach (if we may so call it) that is formed in the bottom.
the South-west side of the lake is a large furnace in a constant state of
ebullition, glowing with a ruddy flame, and throwing up with a thundering noise
red hot stones, to about the height of one hundred feet. Thus stands the
internal position of the old crater, at least as far as it has yet been the
subject of experience, or exposed to human inquiry; whilst the new one
continues to emit large dense columns of smoke, which ascending upwards, give a
prospect of the bottom, which as well as can be judged is of a conical form.
immense quantity of combustible matter which has been discharged from the
Souffriere Mountain, a Virtuoso of some celebrity says, is equal to the bulk of
the Island. - The observance from this, he also says, is very obvious, that the
matter thus exploded cannot belong to the Mountain itself, otherwise it would
have been quickly consumed; it cannot be derived from moderate depths, since
its amazing quantity evinces that all the places near the bottom must have long
since been exhausted; nor can it have an extensive or a superficial spread; it
must therefore be supplied from the deeper regions of the earth - those
undiscovered tracts, where the Deity performs his wonders in solitude,
satisfied with self-approbation.
30. - It is now evident to demonstration, that the internal agitation and
violence of the Volcano has considerably abated, so far as to be approached and
visited daily with perfect safety. The most intelligent of our Amateurs have
more than once favoured us with local observations, and all agree in opinion
that no immediate eruption is to be apprehended. How devout and servent should
our acknowledgments be to Almighty God for his beneficent protection on this
awful occasion, when we reflect that no similar visitation of any country, but
the loss of a gar greater number of human lives were to be recorded. For more than
a century and a half written and oral accounts agree in the circumstance of
there having been but one severe eruption from this Volcano, so that it may be
some consolation to the inhabitants of this Colony, and those who possess
estates in the neighbourhood of the Souffriere, reasoning by analogy, that
their posterity for generations to come may not experience a similar evil. It
must be an object curiously interesting to those who were formerly acquainted
with the topography of the interior of the Island, to survey it in its present
state of transformation - inaccessible ravines and impenetrable forests have
become easy of access, all former impediments being in a great measure removed.
The tall and stately trees of our groves, which defied the impressions of time
and element, have been hurried with inconceivable violence and rapidity into
the valleys, by the torrents of ignited substance, which rolled down the sides
of the hills in solemn and destructive majesty.
Sun went down, nor ceased the carnage there,
Thunder struck the midnight air."
North-east view of the crater, at this moment, exhibits phenomena indescribably
grand: - they fledge the fancy, and transport us into worlds where nothing but
imagination can travel.
Printed & published every Tuesday & Saturday Afternoon,
By Edward James Henery.