ESSEQUEBO [Colophon] & DEMERARY
ROYAL [Colophon] GAZETTE.
TUESDAY, JULY 7th, 1812.
July 7, 1812.
for the Use of the Quarter and Barrack-Department-
Feet Hardwood Boards,
Pounds 12d. Nails.
in triplicate for the same, will be received at this Office, until Monday next,
the 13th instant, at 8 o'clock in the morning, when they will be opened, and
the offer must advantageous to Government accepted.
- a Negro-Boy, named Damon, about fourteen years old. He has been seen about
Mahaica. A reward of One Joe will be given on lodging him in the
Colony-Barracks, or delivering him to the Subscriber.
July 7. B. Spooner.
Subscriber, as Deliberating Executor to the Estate of William King, Goldsmith,
deceased, requests all those who may have any claims for jewellery left with
the deceased for repairs, will render their respective claims within six weeks
from this date, as otherwise the same will be sold at Public Vendue; and all
those indebted to the said Estate, will please to come forward with payment.
& Rust, July 7. J. Molyneaux.
- J. W. S. Jeune is no longer in the employ of
6. G. Angle.
MERCHANTS, PLANTERS, &c. [heading]
Subscriber offers for freight or charter, the Schooner Flying-Fish, being a
remarkable fast-sailing craft, and under the care of a qualified white captain,
who, when collections, commissions, &c. are offered either in town or
country, generally attends to them personally.
also offers for sale - Trooleys, In-land Staves, Timber, Boards, and Wallaba
Shingles; which he will supply those who may please to favour him with their
custom, at a short notice and on moderate terms.
particulars enquire at his Domicilium Citandi et Executandi, at the house
occupied by J. Lyon, Esqr. South-Street, Bridge-Town; or a line directed to the
care of P. Benjamin, Esqr will be duly attended to.
7. D. Fleischman.
A set or two of books will be taken for posting, or any other writing attended
to with dispatch.
July 7, 1812.
WANTED for Bills of Exchange, drawn on the Right Hon. Board of Ordnance,
London, for £ 1,000 Sterling, at Thirty Days' sight, in sums as low as £ 50
Sterling each. Sealed Tenders for which, marked, "Tenders for Bills of
Exchange," will be received by the Subscriber until Friday next, the 10th
inst. when they will be opened in presence of His Excellency the Governor, and
the highest offers (if approved) accepted.
SECRETARY's OFFICE, [heading]
is to inform the
that the following Persons intend quitting this Colony;-
het Secretary deezer Colonie word geadverteerd
de volgende Persoonen
voorneemens zyn van hier
elders te vertrekken, viz;
D. Grant, in do. or a month, from June 18.
Free Charlotte Scott, in do. . . . 20.
Free Cuba Williams, in do. . . . 20.
Jenkins, in 15 days or 6 weeks, . . . 20.
Naegeli, in do. . . . 20.
free William Bennett, in 14 days, . . . 22.
H. Van Voorst, in do. or by the Brig Success 24.
Rouse Bentinck, in do. or a month . . . 27.
Ogle, in 14 days, or by the Ship Friendship 28.
Mary Farnum, in 14 days or 6 weeks . . . 29.
M'Bean, in do. . . . 29.
Edey Cumings, and one servant, in 14 days . . . 30. [Note change]
Wingate, and one servant, in do. . . . 30.
James, in 14 days or one month . . . 30.
M. Forbes, in do. . . . 30
Hon. M. Lamaison, LL.D. with two servants, Quamina and Francis, in 14 days or
by the Ship Spectator, from July 1.
Office, Demerary, July 4, 1812.
virtue of an order of the Hon. the Court of Criminal and Civil Justice of the
United Colony of Demerary and Essequebo, dated June 27, 1812, are hereby
summoned, all persons who have any claims on the nett proceeds of the
Plantations Spring-Hall and Good-Intent, and of the Estate of H. Farley,
deceased, in order to give in their said claims, on the first and following
days of the Ordinary Session of the Hon. Court aforesaid, which will take place
in the month of August next, when the Court will proceed to decide on said
claims after which time no further claim will be admitted.
this 7th of July, 1812.
Clerk to the Court of Justice.
Monday the 13th of July by Order of John Franklin, Esquire, at the Ship-Tavern,
Middle-street, Bridge-Town - Four Empty Butts, 13 Puncheons, 50 Barrels of Mess
Beef and 25 of Pork.
7. Robert Kingston.
Monday, the 20th of July, by order of Mr. Staunton, on Bel Air estate: -
Household furniture, horses, cattle, a chaise of very superior quality, some
very valuable books, and several other articles.
27. Robert Kingston.
note: see 18120721EDRG, where this vendue gets re-scheduled to the 4th of
Monday, the 3d of August, by Order of the Hon. W. N. Firebrace and Mr. Jeffery,
Deliberating Executors to the Will of Ann Harrison, deceased, on the premises,
in Cumingsburg, occupied by the latter gentleman - Household Furniture;
consisting of four-post bedsteads, musquito-curtains, feather-beds, mattresses,
bolsters, pillows, counterpanes, coverlids, 2 wash-hand-stands, one bason and
ewer, one deal dressing-table with an old glass, a sopha with movable posts to
serve for a bed, a mahogany dining-table with D ends, a pair of mahogany card
tables, twelve old painted chairs with cane bottoms, a glass lamp, a time-piece
set in marble and ornamented, several old pictures, two mahogany knife-cases,
one liquor-case, one old medicine-chest, a crabwood case with drawers; also
four silver 1/4 pint goblets, one do. soup ladle, one do. pair sugar tongs, six
do. table spoons, one old do. two punch strainers, four blue salt-cellars, with
plated stands, one do. taper stand, one do. pair of snuffers, one do. pair of
candlesticks, one do. old, two do. decanter stands, a tea set of China, and
some old books.
the same day and place, by order of Mr. Jeffery - from forty to fifty dozen of
good quality Madeira wine, from fifteen to twenty dozen of Vin de Grave, a
theodolite, protractor, box of compasses and rules, and case of instruments, by
Jones, all in good preservation; with Adams's geometrical essays, in two
volumes, corrected and enlarged by Jones, and a treatise on land surveying, by
Nesbitt, in one volume; a double-barrelled gun, with excellent locks, gold
touch-holes, &c. by Wheeler; a variety of creole cattle, amongst which are
cows with calves, and cows in full milk; several serviceable horses, including
a pair of crop greys, equally good in harness as under the saddle; a set of
copper bolts, braces, and nails, answerable for completing a colony craft of
from 40 to 50 tons, and what further may appear on the day of sale. The whole
on a credit of three months.
7. Robert Kingston.
arrivals since Saturday, are the Schooner Joseph, Capt. Strickland, from Barbados;
and the Mahaicony, Capt. Lock, from St. Vincent. By the former, we have
received Papers to the 30th; and by the latter, to the 24th ultimo.
Carib Chieftain, mentioned in our last, departed for the interior, this morning;
having attained, as far His Excellency the Governor thought proper, the object
of his visit.
Second Subscription-Ball, we find, is to take place on the 20th instant, at
Schooner Catharine, which was lately dispatched, by the Government of this
Colony, with provisions for the suffering inhabitants of St. Vincent; arrived
there on the 21st ultimo, after the extraordinary passage of only fifty-two
City, May 30. - It is now the general opinion, that the beginning [fold] next
week, perhaps as early as Monday or Tuesday, a proposition for open direct war
against Great Britain solely will be brought forward; and it appears to be
confidently stated, [fold] Members of the Majority, that there will be as many
as [fold] in favour of it. It is calculated the majority in the Senate will be
small. Probably you will not hear much more about it, until we shall actually
have declared war, as it appears to be the general sentiment of the majority
that the discussion (if any shall be permitted) will be with closed doors, and
that measures will be taken to prevent the discussion from going to the public.
it wa[fold]e general conversation, before the arrival of the Hornet,
that[fold]f nothing satisfactory should be received from France, a declaration
of war would also be made against her; yet, since th[fold]spatches from Mr.
Barlow were received and communica[fold], the idea is given up. Mr. Randolph
said, yesterday, [fold] the House, in most decided and express terms,
"that if[fold]fter the late dispatches from Mr. Barlow evidencing the
f[fold]ling policy of Bonaparte towards us, the abusive treatme[fold]nd
contumely we have to this time experienced from [fold] and the demonstrative
proof of the non-revocation of the Berlin and Milan Decrees - if, after all
these, we go to war against England, it will indeed show, that our Government
is under French influence; and history will record it, to ou[fold]sgrace, that
we are the sycophants and parasites of Bonapart."
see now no[fold]sible way of averting the dreadful calamity. Although no
[fold]nal object can be in view, as respects either personal popu[fold]y or the
public interest, yet such is the obstinate pride [fold]opinion, their
desperation as to consistency, that they thus[fold]ty cannot go back. Although
the consequences of this rash measure will undoubtedly be very distressing for
a season, it cannot, I think, be otherwise than that the people will apply the
corrective as soon as they shall have an opportunity.
York, June 1. - From Congress we hear of nothing important, and see nothing of
general interest in their proceedings. From general impressions, however, we
are led to expect the authorising of letters of marque and reprisals in a very few
days. On Friday, after a long speech from Mr. Randolph in the House of
Representatives, he submitted a resolution, "That, under present
circumstances, it is inexpedient to resort to a war with Great Britain;"
the consideration of which was refused, by a vote of 62 against 37 in the
truth is, (say the New York papers), that the embargo is meant to be the
precursor of war; and that, so soon as the physical resources of the nation can
be arranged, war will ensue, unless the deportment of the British Government
evinces a very different temper from that which has hitherto prevailed. - To
enter on a vindication of this measure, under this aspect, would evince a
contempt for the understanding of the public; and not to have resorted to it, under
the troubled sky, would have justly exposed our rulers to the invectives of
those very men who are now most clamorous against it, but who can only give a
colour to their principles by slanders against others, whose lives have been
made up of a succession of public virtues. There is not a fairer [illegible]
on the roll of fame, or among the records of patriotism, than Madison: and he
is the man who proposed the measure.
then, the habitual opponents of Government realise - the lesson, though so late
acquired, may be of signal use to them - let them realise, that what it
professes it will practise. Let them know, that the will of the majority, when
legally expressed, is the law of the land; that just Governments were
instituted for the good of communities; and that, under a Republican
Government, the public good can only be decided by the voice of a majority; and
that this voice must be obeyed, or Government is annihilated. - Whatever, then,
may be yielded to remonstrance or conciliation, nothing should be yielded to an
attitude of defiance - to a disorganizing spirit - to attempts to array
separate and local, against general interest.
must not be forgotten, moreover, that however in municipal affairs we may
prosper, notwithstanding our divisions, and indeed profit by the sharp
rivalries of the different portions of our people, we must, in our measures
with a foreign foe act with the unbroken strength of a nation.
the capture of a French cruiser of the ship Congress, of this port, bound to
London, owned by Major Biays, and laden with an American cargo, we find the
most incontestible evidence of the practicable reenforcement of the French
Edicts violatory of neutral commerce. The capture of this ship alone affords
sufficient grounds for the re-enaction of the Non-importation Act against
France, or for its repeal in relation to Great Britain. For our own part, we
confess that the restrictions which Congress have thought proper to impose upon
our commerce, since the fatal abandonment of the old embargo, have not met our
views of what we deemed the true policy of this nation. We have considered
them as weak, inefficient, and not calculated to maintain either the character
or rightful interests of the nation. - They could be justified only as protests
against the unlawful maritime principles set up by both belligerents: and as
protests, they have cost infinitely too great a price, if we duly estimate the
injuries of which they have been productive to ourselves. War with Britain
will be perfectly compatible with the act of placing the two belligerents on a
footing of equality in relation to commerce. We would have war with England;
and we would arm our merchantmen to defend themselves against all unlawful
proceedings towards them on the part of any European cruiser or privateer
whatever. We want an entangling alliance with no foreign power.
the loan authorised by a late Act of Congress for borrowing 11,000,000 of
dollars, between five and six hundred dollars have been taken, it is said, in
this district. Two of the banks of this town subscribed 100,000 dollars each.
Nov. 4, 1812.
ship Thetis, Alexander M'Lue, Master, belonging to Messrs. James Hunter &
Co. Greenock, sailed from London on or about the 14th of July, for St. Pierre,
Martinique, where she arrived on the 24th of August, and discharged the goods
she had on-board, which were all for that port. The Captain's instructions
were to proceed, in ballast, in the event of his not meeting with a cargo at
Martinique, to Port Morant, in this island, and there wait the instructions of
Messrs. Bogles & Co. in regard to the port where he should proceed to, for
the purpose of taking in a cargo for some port in Great Britain. - However,
some mercantile house in St. Pierre applied to him to take on board the
articles specified in the clearances thence to this port, the freight of which
would amount to about 1,000 dollars; which he consented to do, after consulting
Mr. Morrison, the agent for the owners there, and receiving the positive
assurances of Collector Grant, of that port, that there was no risk whatever in
doing it, as the whole of the articles could be legally imported in Kingston,
Jamaica, from thence; and, under that conviction, he did grant a permit to take
them on board, and afterwards signed all the clearances and other documents
which he deemed necessary.
Thetis sailed from St. Pierre on the 2d, and arrived here on the 8th ult. The
morning after, one of the Land-waiters and Searchers of this port went on-board
and seized her, on the ground of having contraband goods on-board, although
there were regular clearances for every article, which would have been produced
at the Custom-house on entering, had all such papers been taken away by the
is evident, from this plain statement of facts, that no Land was intended by
the owners of the ship, and that the Master of the Thetis was led into the
error, if there was one, by the Collector of the Customs at St. Pierre,
Martinique; and certainly they should not suffer from the ignorance or
misconduct of an officer of the Customs. However, it can hardly be supposed
that a gentleman of Mr. Grant's known abilities, which have placed him at the
Custom in all the Windward Islands, with a controul over the same, could make
so egregious a mistake as the one under which the shipping interests of Great
Britain may suffer most severely, if not protected by the decision of the court
before which this cause is brought, from the dangerous example it holds.
have been instituted in the Admiralty Court. The cause was heard on Tuesday
last, in Spanish-Town; when His Honour the Judge ordered a part of the cargo,
consisting of some pickled fish, to be restored, and the decision respecting
the remainder and the vessel was reserved, we understand until this day.
4, 1811. - His Honour the Judge of the Admiralty-Court has been pleased to pass
sentence of condemnation on the ship Thetis and the remainder of her cargo.
cargo of the Thetis was, 500 firkins and 200 half-firkins of butter, 100 cases
of claret, 8 trunks of dry-goods, with some pickled fish.
grounds of condemnation are, that Martinique not being a free port, British
goods could not be legally exported thence to Jamaica.
of Spain, May 16, 1812. - It having been decided, in the Court of
Vice-Admiralty at Jamaica, in the case of the ship Thetis, that British goods
cannot be legally brought from the port of St. Pierre, Martinique, to Jamaica,
because St. Pierre is not included in the Free-port Act: and the port of
Bridge-Town, Barbados, being also omitted in the Act - your opinion is
requested, whether goods, legally imported into the island of Barbados, can be
exported thence in British shipping to this island?
Knox, Esq. Attor-Gen. Comptroller
decision of any Vice-Admiralty Court can be considered conclusive authority. -
And I therefore enter into the examination of this question, without regard to
the sentence of condemnation in the case of the ship Thetis.
full and anxious consideration which i have bestowed on this point, has been
suitable to its novelty and importance.
legality of such trade has never hitherto been doubted, and, if it were found
to be prohibited by law, all intercourse would necessarily cease between the
island of Barbados and her sister-colonies, until new provisions could be made
by the British legislature on the subject.
I am of opinion, that the sentence, as reported to have been given in the case
of the Thetis, is contrary to law.
trade which is not prohibited or restricted by any statute, is open and free.
9th clause of 45 Geo. III. chap. 57, (or the consolidated Free-Port Act),
enacts "that from and after the passing of that Act, it shall be lawful to
export, in any British ship or vessel owned and navigated according to law from
any of the islands enumerated in that Act, to any British colony or plantation
in America or the West Indies, any goods or commodities whatever of the
manufacture of Europe; and also any goods, ware, and merchandise, which may
have been legally imported into any of the said islands, from any of the
colonies or plantations in America, or any country of the continent of America,
belonging to or under the dominion of any foreign European sovereign or
this clause it seems to be inferred, that such exportation is unlawful, from
any island not enumerated in such Act.
such inference, even if not afterwards explained away is not sufficient: the
prohibition must be direct and positive. The prosecution must be founded on
the breach of some statute - and I can find none which restricts such
exportations from Barbados or Martinique.
subject and tenor of all the Acts relative to Navigation and Customs, are the
encouragement of British shipping, and the protection of British revenue and
manufacture; and the interpretation of any of these Acts must be materially
influenced by these considerations.
what is called the Navigation Act, that principally regulates the plantation
trade, no goods can be imported into or exported out of any of the British
plantations but in British shipping; and the produce of such plantations must
be carried either to some other plantation, or to
restore the intercourse in question, of which the Free Ports, and the Free
Ports alone, had been deprived.
am therefore of opinion, that goods legally imported into the island of
Barbados may be exported thence in British shipping to this island.
and King's Advocate.
Editor of the Trinidad Journal is happy in having it in his power to lay before
the Public the preceding (arising from the decision of the Court of
Vice-Admiralty of Jamaica, in the case of the Thetis as inserted above), as
also the opinion of the Attorney-General and King's Advocate thereon.
By this opinion, which is consonant to
the common practice in all the colonies hitherto, the Custom-house of this
island will be guided. The transporting in English bottoms, of goods legally
imported from one British Colony to another (and more especially of British
manufactured goods), we conceive to be completely in the spirit of the
celebrated Navigation Act, and its amendments, as it also has been the
immemorial practice among the Windward and Leeward Islands. This was the
general rule, and the standing one. Except the solitary article of hats,
prohibited, by an old Act, to be exported from one Colony or Plantation to
another (which was made merely to prevent the importation of those made in
North America, to the detriment of the Hatter, in Great Britain), the first
restriction to this mutual intercourse of the Colonies was made by the more
early Free Port Acts, from some imaginary, suppositious caution, it was by
those Acts provided, that the free ports should not export, as before, goods
inconveniency and absurdity of such a provision was soon and strongly felt; -
the being a free port, became an oppression instead of a relief. By the last
consolidated free port Act, therefore, it was again provided that the free
ports should export to the other Colonies goods lawfully imported, that is, to
do as they had done before, and as the ports not free had always done.
the late exception to the general rule was withdrawn. By what construction,
then, the removal of this restriction from them could be made to fasten it upon
the Island or Colonies not having free ports, we are at a loss to conceive.
When the decision in the case of the Thetis come for revision before the
Superior Tribunals in England, we have therefore no doubt but it will be
Printed & published every Tuesday & Saturday Afternoon,
By Edward James Henery.