Essequebo and Demerary Royal Gazette 1808 December 17

Vol. III.)


(No. 155.

Saturday, December 17th, 1808.

By Command of His Excellency the Acting Lieut. Governor and the Honble: Court of Policy of the Colonies of Essequebo and Demerary, &c. &c. &c. THIS IS TO NOTIFY to all whom it may concern that attendance will be given at the Offices of the respective Receivers of the Colony Chest in Essequebo and in Demerary on Monday the 19th Inst. and following Days (Saturday and Sundays excepted) from 9 o'Clock in the Morning 'till 1 o'Clock in the Afternoon, for the purpose of exchanging the provisional receipts given to the holders of Plugged Joes, for Colony Goods, which are to pass as a Colonial Currency untill they shall be redeemed in Specie.
It is to be understood that the provisional receipts, if produced at the Offices of the Receivers by others than the Original holders of the same, must in that case be endorsed by the latter.
Court House, Stabroek, Demerary,
17th December, 1808.
P. F. Tinne,
Dy. Secty. of the Colony.

To Planters and Owners [centered]
Of Vessels. [centered]
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that a fair Value will be Paid by Government for any old Ships, Vessels, Droghers, Colony Boats or Punts, that are found no longer Sea-Worthy, or fit to be repaired, for the purpose of being placed as break-waters to check the encroachments of the Sea at Fort William Frederick and the adjacent Coast.
Offers will be received at this Office.
By Command of His Excellency
the Acting Governor,
Geo: Eddington,
Govt. Secty.
Government Secretary's Office,
17th December 1808.

as follows, - [centered]
[first column]
112lb Lavender Colour,
112 - Green,
56 - Spanish-Blue,
86 - Milk-White,
[second column]
67 - Black,
27 - Orange,
85 - Lemon,
545 lb.
[end columns]
FOR SALE, [centered]
By James Robertson.
New-Town, 10th Decbr. 1808.

Notice is hereby given to the Inhabitants of this Colony that the period for the Returns of Slaves is approaching.
The Printed Forms for those Returns will be ready for delivery by the 27th Instant, and it will be published in the next Week's Papers, the different places at which they are to be obtained. These Returns having been omitted by especial orders for the last Six Months, they will now comprise the whole Year and must be given in at the King's Receivers Office between the First and Twenty-first days of January next, where attendance will be given from 9 o'Clock untill 1 o'Clock every day (Saturdays, Sundays & Holydays excepted.)
Kings' Receiver's Office,
Demerary, 17th December 1808.
Robert Phipps, Slave Register.

On Plantations Zorg & Hoop and Rome, at 10 stivers per bunch.
Also, Wooden Vatt Hoops fit for large Sugar Casks, at f 140 per thousand Cash.
Demerary, 17th Decr. 1808.

Runaway from the Subscriber for some Months, a Negro Man named Sundy, he is tall and thin, has a great impediment in his speech, with yellow spots in his face, a native of Antigua; he has lately become a noted Cardplayer and Dancer, which has caused his leaving the Subscriber's service. Two Joes Reward will be paid on his delivery in Cumingsburg, to
Geo: J. Furnace.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

FOR SALE. [heading]
A Few Hundred Ears of Corn. -
Enquire of the Printer.
Demerary, 17th December 1808.

FOR LIVERPOOL. [heading]
The Ship Maxwell, John Edwards Master, will sail the second springs in January. For Freight or Passage apply to
Barton, Deane & Co.
Cumingsburg, 17th December 1808.

Most respectfully informs his Friends and the Public, that having taken over THE UNION COFFEE-HOUSE, and intends carrying on the Business as heretofore by the late Mr. M. Campbell, - where he flatters himself to give every satisfaction. The House will be ready to receive Gentlemen as Boarders in all next Week; further particulars will be made known in next Paper. Thomas Marsh.
N.B: The House at present occupied by him is either for Sale or to Let.
Demerary, 17th December 1808.

Just Landing from the Ship Ceres, from Liverpool, and for sale by the Subscribers:
[first column]
Cod Fish,
Herrings in kegs,
Beef and Pork,
Salt, Hams,
Lyng Fish in boxes,
[second column]
Beer and Porter,
Negro clothing and blankets,
Earthen ware in crates assorted.
[end columns]
On hand, cordage, canvas, ironmongery of all kinds, tarras, a few barrels Isle of Malo salt, etc.
Hyndman & Cary.
Cumingsburg, December 17th, 1808.

The Subscriber has just received from on board the Neried, Johnston, from Glasgow, an assortment of Dry Goods which he offers For Sale on reasonable Terms at his Store on Werk & Rust:-
[first column]
A parcel muslins, embroidered and plain,
Ladies Dresses,
Long Robes,
Walking Dresses,
Curricle Dresses,
Spanish mantlet's,
Ladies & Childrens caps,
Letting in for Gowns,
Muslin shawls,
Silk Persian of different colours,
Silk shawls,
Black silk handkerchiefs,
Black silk florentine,
Black silk sarsnet,
Black cambric & cotton,
Black crape for hats and Ladies shawls,
Ladies and Gents black silk stocking & gloves,
Black silk velvet,
Do. cotton do.,
French cambric,
An assortment lace,
Irish linen and sheeting,
Russia linen, Long lawn,
Musquetto netting,
Table cloths and napkins,
Sewing silk,
Tapes and shirt buttons,
Ladies black silk hats,
Gents and servants hats,
Childrens jockey caps,
Ready-made cloths,
Coat brushes,
Ladies and Gents gloves,
Ladies straw hats,
Cord and tassels,
Brass pullies for globes,
Ladies cotton hose,
Gents do. and thread do.
Childrens do.,
Rose water,
Negro pipes in boxes,
[second column]
Hoes, shovels, cutlasses,
Pruning knives,
Coffee shovels,
Garden shears,
Do. spades, Iron pots,
Hinges, stock locks,
Planes and other ironmongery,
Paints, paint oil,
Heel and blacking balls,
Seine twine,
Fash: black hair sofas,
Do. mahogany chest drawers,
A small assortment of amusing books,
Childrens toys assorted,
Fashionable shades with plated stands,
Do. set chrystal desert ware complete,
Do. furniture paper,
Do. decanters and wine glasses,
Saddlery consisting of saddles, hussar, pelham and snaffle bribles [sic],
Hunting & chaise whips,
Kitchen ware consisting of Dish covers, stew pans, iron kettle tined [sic] and covered,
Iron tea kettles,
Fish kettles,
Frying pans, grid irons,
Hair brooms, scrubbing brushes, foot and furniture brushes,
Sod irons,
Ling fish in boxes,
Scotch herrings in kegs,
Potatoes in hampers,
Hams, real coniac [sic] brandy,
Sallad oil, with a variety of other articles too numerous to insert.
[end columns]
Jos: Ward.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

Secretary's-Office, Demerary. [heading]
Notice is hereby given on the part of the Secretary, that the following Persons intend Quitting this Colony, at the expiration of the following dates, VIZ: -
Mrs. Mary Seaward, in 14 days. Decbr. 9th.
Mrs. Elizabeth Price, in 14 days. Decbr. 2d.
John Brown in 14 days or 3 weeks. Decbr. 3d.
Robt: Ramsay, in 14 days. 29th November.
Edward Messum, in 14 days. December 3d.
J. C. Stadtman, First Clerk.


By Virtue of an extract of the minutes of the Ordinary Court of Rolls dated 6th December 1808, are herewith by me the Underwritten First Marshal of the Honble. Court of Justice of this Colony, in the name and behalf of F. J. Huesteeg and J. Schneido Curators to the Estate of J. van Millingen deceased, for the fourth time exsuperabundantie by Edict Summon'd all known and unknown Creditors to the before-named Estate, to appear before the Honble. Court of Justice, at their Session, to be held in the Town of Stabroek on the 16th of January 1809 and following days, in order to render as yet their pretentions in due form and lay their claim thereto; whereas after the expiration of this fourth and last Edict will be proceeded against the non appearers according to Law. Thus published and affixed there and where it ought to be.
Actum Demerary, the 14th December, 1808.
M. Smit, First Marshal.


On Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday the 19th, 20th and 21st Decr. [see 18081001EDRG] . . .
On the same day will be sold, twenty head of Cattle.
September 10th. Robert Kingston.

On Tuesday the 20th inst. at the store of mr. H. Abraham, - fine printed calicos in pieces of 28 yards each, extra fine muslins, shawls, head handkerchiefs, trimmings, black crape, musqueto netting, Ladies made dresses of the newest fashion, pullicat and cambric handkerchiefs, silk and cotton stockings, and woolen do. for the gout, white leather gloves, sleeves, fine threads, lace veils, chaise whips, shoe blacking, ironmongery, and several other articles.
December 17th. Robert Kingston.

Op Vrydag den 23 Decr. zal ter wees en onbeheerde boedel kamer verkogt worden de looten No 12, 13 gelegen op Cumingsburg met de huis zingen op dezelve twee schoenders, een byda niewe met zeylen en tuyg, boat en huis neegers, kleederen goud en silversmiths gereedschappen en wat verder geveyld zal worden, de schoenders kunnen gezien worden leggende voor Robb's stelling mits zig adresseerrende aan de Heer Cotton Brown, ende inventorissen ter Griffie der wees en onbeheerde boedel kamer agt dagen voor de Vendue zynde dit be boedels van Nathan Smith, Sandbergen en A. Vermey -- Ten zelve daage en plaatse zal meede verkogt worden op last der arm kas de boedel van wylen H. W. Lookey bestaande in Horlogien tot dien tyd ongereclameerd gereedschappen, &c.
December 10. Robert Kingston.


[Resume at Fire at Trinidad – double-check – did I?]
[images P1302590-1]

Mr. Markordt having taken Lodgings at the House of Mrs. Van Hove on Vlissingen, requests the favour of such ladies or Gentlemen wishing to cultivate music or have their Children instructed in this art; he teaches the Piano Forte, the Violin, Violencello, and in general all kinds of music, and will give lessons on moderate terms by the lesson, month or year, either at the houses of his scholars or at his chambers.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

De Heer Markordt zynde gaan woonen in het Huis van Mevrw: Van Hove op Vlissingen verzoekt de gienst van de Dames en Heeren welke wenchen musiek te beoffenen, of hun kinderen hier in onderweezen te zein, Hy leerd de Piano Forte, Fiool, Bas, in eene woord alle zoorte van muziek, hy zal op de gematigste conditien lesten geeven by de les, maand, of jaar, het zy aan het huis zyner scholieren of in zyn kamers.
Demerary, 17 December, 1808.

The Subscriber informs the Public, his premises were broke open last night and an Earthen Jar containing 4 Gallons Carappi or Balsam of Peru, and two dried Hides stolen therefrom, - besides Fowls, Wine &c. He trusts every person to whom such articles may be offered for sale will stop the party and give immediate information to
Heneage Williams.
Vlissingen, 17th December 1808.

Found in front of Pl: Best, two Punts, one 28 feet long and 8 feet broad, with two thwarts; the other 15 feet long and 4 1/2 feet broad. The Owners may have them restored on paying the expence of Advertising and a Reward to the Negroes who found them.
Pl: Best, 17th December, 1808.

Absented himself from the Subscriber about three Weeks ago, a Negro Boy called Polidore. He was sent to Mahaica with a pass, and not having returned the said pass is of no value. He had been seen lurking some where about the Camp. A reward of Two Joes will be given for apprehending and delivering him to
F. Horn.
Who will let the Lower-Storie of the House occupied by Mr. Greenwood, on Werk & Rust, with a large Store, &c.
Demerary, 17th Decbr. 1808.

Drifted from Robb's Stelling on the Evening of the 14th inst. a Punt. A reward will be given for any information that may lead to her recovery, by applying to the Printer.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

The Cargo of the Ship Hero, Capt. Carnochan, from Newbrunswick, consisting of - White Pine Lumber assorted,
Clap Boards, Boat Spars,
Superfine Flour,
Salmon in barrels and tubs,
Smoaked Herrings, Mackerel, Shads, &c.
W. Roach.
New-Town, December 17th 1808.

The Subscribers offer for Sale at their Store near the American Stelling, the undermentioned Articles, just imported; at reduced prices for immediate payment, viz:-
[first column]
Irish Mess Beef & Pork in whole and half Barrels,
Irish butter in half firkins,
Yorkshire hams,
Potatoes in hampers,
Loaf sugar,
Candles and Soap,
Scotch herrings in kegs,
Pilchards in Barrels,
Negro cloathing,
Boots and shoes,
Tent bedsteads with mattrasses &c. complete,
Cotton cambrics,
French ditto,
Printed cambrics,
[second column]
Gentlemens silk and beaver hats,
Childrens hats,
Broad cloths,
Irish linen,
Gentlemens buck and Doeskin gloves,
Ladies long silk and leather ditto,
White gloves for funerals,
Silk and cotton hose,
Brown thread ditto,
Ditto and cotton Socks,
Bed tick,
Silk and cotton braces,
Welch Flannel,
Stationary, and many other articles,
[end columns]
Paul & Saml: Massiah.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

TO LET. [heading]
That House in South-Street opposite the store of William Roach Esq. For particulars apply to the Printer.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

NOTICE. [heading]
All Persons having demands against the Estate of John Ley Harrop deceased, or Plantation Hackney, Pomeroon, will please render statements of the same unto D. Van Sertema Esq. Fort Island, or unto the Subscribers, and those indebted to said J. L. Harrop, or said Plantation are requested to make immediate payment to
Robt: Younghusband,
or T. Shute,
Deliberating Execetors [sic].
Demerary, 17th December 1808.

NOTICE. [heading]
The Subscriber intending to leave the Colony for Europe, in the month of April next, requests all persons having demands against him to render the same for payment, on Plantation Essex, Mahaica, previous to the 1st March, 1809. Those who have claims against him in Berbice, will recieve [sic] payment on Plantation Whim, Courantyne Coast. It is wished that this notice should be attended to, the Subscriber being unwilling to occasion his Attornies any trouble after his departure. Such as are indebted for Plantains delivered from Plantation Alliance, will please come forward with payment for the same.
Thos: Laurence.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

Runaway a Negro named Calcutta. A Joe of Reward to any person that will bring him to
D. Cargill.
Werk & Rust, 17th December 1808.

Just Imported in the Ship Caledonia, Captain Thompson, from Liverpool, and
FOR SALE. [centered]
at reasonable Prices by the Subscribers:- [centered]
[first column]
Prime mess Beef in half barrels,
ditto pork in barrels,
Tongues in half barrels,
Butter in firkins,
Yorkshire hams,
Cheshire cheese,
Potatoes in hampers,
Salt in tierces,
Negro hats,
Ditto Jackets lined and unlined,
Ditto Pipes,
Ditto Blankets,
Superfine blue, black & scarlet cloth,
Black and olive cassimere,
Fine welch flannel,
Gentlemens and Ladies patent silk hats,
Best fashionable hessian boots,
[second column]
Best finished fusees with bayonets,
Elegant fowling pieces,
Hoes, shovels & cutlasses,
Nails assorted from 4dy to 30dy,
Jugs white wine vinegar,
Best peruvian bark,
Jalap, Rhubarb, and Calomel in bottles,
Glauber salts,
Newfoundland fish in bulk
Wood hoops 10, 11, 12 and 13 feet,
Brown and pale beer in bottles,
London porter in ditto,
Small crates Glass ware,
Ditto earthen ware,
Best building lime in tierces and hogsheads,
[end columns]
And a variety of other articles too tedious to name. M'Inroy, Sandbach & Co.
Demerary, 17th December, 1808.

The Subscriber offers for sale (together or singly) Nine excellent Carpenter Negroes of which number four are very superior. Any person desirous of seeing them will please address themselves to the Subscriber in Canal No 1, who will give long credit to any purchaser will give good Bills of exchange. The Negroes are sold for sound and healthy.
J. Schneido, qq.
A. H. Walstab.
Pl. Onderneeming Canal No 1, Decbr. 17th 1808.


HENRY B. MAGGEE [heading]
TAYLOR. [heading]
Respectfully informs his Friends and Customers that he has removed from the House of Mr. Henry M. Waldron, Cumingsburgh, to that next Mrs. Dougan's, North Dam, Stabroek, where he still carries on his business, and begs a continuance of their favours assuring them every attention will be paid to give satisfaction.
[Transcriber's note: no 'posting' date given]

On Tuesday and Wednesday last the Ships Ceres and Maxwell arrived here from Liverpool, but brought nothing later than what we have already given.

We observe in a late Barbados Paper, that His Majesty's Ship Stork has lately arrived there from the Brazils, where she left Sir Sidney Smith. At the time the Stork left Rio Janeiro, a report was prevalent, that, the Port of Buenos Ayres was open to the British, and that the Inhabitants had declared in favour of Ferdinand VII.

His Majesty's Brig Wolverine arrived lately in Barbados from Halifax, when she left, there were twenty-five Transports embarking Troops for the West Indies. Sir G. Prevost accompanies them.

The Blockade of the Islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe is carried on with the utmost rigour. Several American Vessels have been lately detained on leaving those Islands.

According to the latest accounts from Barbados 1600 barrels of Flour had arrived in the short space of Three Days.

The Ulyses [sic], 44, has sent a large American Ship of 22 Guns and 44 Men, into Antigua for Adjudication. She was from New York and was cleared for Charleston, but was shaping her course for Martinique.

The Epervier has sent an American Sloop and Brig into Dominica, also bound to Martinique.

Vessels Entered and Cleared since our last. [heading]

ENTERED [heading]
Ship Hero, Carnochan, New Brunswick.
---- Ceres, Tears, Liverpool. - Ship Maxwell, Edwards, Ditto.

CLEARED. [heading]
Schr. Friendship, Capt. Greenidge, for Barbados.
Schr. Dispatch, Shaw, Ditto. - Ship Fame, Williams, Liverpool. - Ship Kelton, Miles, Ditto.

The following Manifesto, published in the Valencia Diary of June 6th 1808, which was brought from the Oronoque by a Gentleman forming part of our late Embassy thither, will shew that the Spaniards have a clear and distinct idea of the Ambitious Views of Bonaparte, and there is no doubt that the aversion here expressed to his Tyrannical Ambition, pervades the Nation at large. It his been translated by the same Gentleman who brought it - and we insert it with the more pleasure, as we believe it has not previously appeared in English Print.

The Veil, Napoleon, which hung before thy criminal perfidy is now undrawn. - The Mystery which concealed thy hypocrisy is now brought to light. - It is now clear as the meridian Sun, that thy dissembling and low born ambition knows no bounds and respects no laws. - This is the main-spring of thy never-ceasing plots. - It is this that makes thee deviate from the ways of truth. - Thou inventest falsehoods in order to deceive, - thou deceivest in order to command, - thou commandest in order to plunder, - thou plunderest in order to reign, - and thou reignest in order to exterminate. Such has been thy conduct in Rome, in Naples, in Germany, in Prussia, in Italy, in Etruria, in Holland, in Portugal, and in Spain. - Attend a moment: answer me and tell me the truth for one, tho' it be against thy natural propensity. - Supposing that thou conquerest Spain, that thou plunderest her and that thou reignest in her, in person, or appointest somebody else as bad as thyself, supposing that thou easest the labourers of their burdens which is thy continual boast, and being master of the Country supposing that thou drainest it of 300,000 of its choicest warriors, forcing them to fight for thee in some distant country and then re-refusing [sic] them the last offices due to the slain, say, in this case is it not true that thou wilt employ thy forces to exterminate the house of Austria, it being thy intention to cause it the same funeral sorrows as thou hast caused to that of Bourbon - Is it not true that thou wilt employ the strength which thou takest from Austria to bring the Circles of Germany under thy tyrannical sway, - dethroning the Kings thou has just made? - Secondly, wilt thou not take the title of Emperor of the West, or, aiding the Sovereign of Russia and then destroying the power of Prussia, Turkey, and Persia wilt thou allow him to take this title? - It is well known that thou hast made him the offer: - But following the bent of thy depraved intentions and erroneous impulse, thou wilt never consent to have a rival - and thou wilt destroy him too.-
O ambition without bounds - but not without chastisement. - Tell me now what thou hast determined to do in Spain, - what is to be her lot? - Spain always thy ally, and on thy account hostile to the English, - Spain who has facilitated to thee, the victories of Marengo, Austerlitz &c. - Spain cannot be called inactive for at this moment here troops are shedding their blood in the north, in order to please thy caprice. - Spain has always been ready to comply with thy wishes, what reward has she to expect from thy never ceasing generosity, thou hast exclaimed a thousand times that thy love for her is perfect, - that thou art her faithful ally, that thou wilt repay her services with excess, and that she is worthy of all thy great protection. - O happy Spain in such a mighty protector, - a protector sent from Heaven to make Spain happy, Yes, - to complete her happiness thou hast sent her thy troops and invited to Bayonne all her Royal Family and many of her Grandees, in order to instruct them in the laws of the French Code, and to give them a certain precious knowledge of the art of reigning. - Tell me Napoleon have I not spoken the truth. - Either the curtain of the stage on which thou art representing, is going to be drawn, or, thy Comedy is about to end in deep tragedy. - Thou hast persuaded thyself that all the Spaniards are as easy to be deceived as Charles and Ferdinand, or wicked enough to betray their Country as the Prince of Peace has done. - Thou believest that Spain is petrified at the sight of the Phantom of thy far-founded power, and struck with panic at hearing the sacriligeous boastings of thy flatterer, and thou persuadest thyself that Spain, after the examples of Charles and Ferdinand and the Royal Family whom thou hast invited and inveigled into Bayonne, convinced of the happiness which thou hast promised her, will put into thy hands the election of the person who is to be her King; - Or that like Italy shi will entreat thee to accept her Crown. - In this manner have all those acted, who appointed thee Judge and amiable adjustor of the disputes which thou thyself hadst created: - and of course, no law whatsoever can entitle thee to judge and chastise the misdemeanors which may have arisen from them. How true it is, that for thee Spain has become a skeleton. - It is likewise true that some few of the unhappy partisans of that traitor whose iniquity could only be patronised by thine, will think the same as their Chief. - And it is also true, that, heretofore many people believed Napoleon to be a man of worth, of Genius, and of consistency. - But now listen and the whole Nation will tell thee what she knows of thee, what she believes of thee, and what she hopes of thee. - The voice of all is unanimous. - Attend. - Spain is convinced that it is not in thy nature to speak the truth, - and that all thy action are full of deceit. - That thy thirst for human blood is insatiable, and that thou art the wicked King who swarmed with Horned locusts which mean the Herds seen by St. John. He was called APOLEON [sic] as much as to say, Exterminator. - Spain is persuaded that God has ordered thee up from below, to chastise her: - And that thou arte wishful that she should partake of the same bitter cup which thou hast made the surrounding Nations drink of, - Nations whom thou boasteth to have made happy and free. - Spain knows that all thy thoughts and all thy actions are analogous to thy vile birth, to thy religion (tho' by the by thou hast none) and to thy criminal conduct. - She knows that thou hast sent thy troops, tho' under false pretexts, to subject her, to plunder her, and to ransack her. - She knows that all the free speeches of thy Emissaries were only made with a design to incline her to love thee and abhor the Bourbons; she knows that the protestations and renunciations of Ferdinand were violent and forced by thee in order to deceive the world. And granting that they were lawful in themselves, they can be of no avail because they were forced. - All thy decrees the dictates of thy ambition and of thy power, are null and void. - Spain has heard of the offers and promises thou hast made to ease the labourers of their burdens. - Thou has done so truly, taking care to secure for thyself a third part of every thing that hath been gathered. - She knows that in France there are Fathers who once had seven Sons, and now not one remaining, and Widows who will never see again one of their numerous progeny. - She knows that if thou reignest in Spain, Fathers must take a long and lasting farewell of their Sons from the age of 16 to 40 for they will never return as long as there is war. - and war there will be as long as they livest. - She knows she must be deprived of her Religion, as the rest of the states have been, which thou hast organized. - Thou wilt destroy her Priests, thou wilt profane and plunder her Churches, - thou wilt seize her Ornaments and revenues, - thou wilt break in pieces her statues, thou wilt make thyself master of all her property, and in a word - thou wilt take every thing. - This is what Spain knows, listen now to what she believes. - She believes that thou art the enemy of all Europe - that thou hast ruined Commerce, Agriculture, Arts and Religion, wheresoever thou hast been. - That if thou becomest her King thou wilt deprive her of 800,000 warriors, and all her riches and leave her nothing but her eyes to weep the same miseries, misfortunes and poverty which the other nations under thy dominion suffer, - and which thou wouldst fain make us believe are happy. - She believes that the disagreements betwixt Charles and Ferdinand had their source from thee, availing thyself of the shallow understanding of the first, - of the goodness of the second, and of the treacherous heart of the Prince of Peace. - And that his villain did every thing he chose for thee, in Madrid, Toledo, Seville, and in the other Cities of Spain as though the Kingdom had been his. - That thou hast inveigled the Family of Bourbon into Bayonne in order to bury it. - In fine she believes that only Antichrist whose precursor thou art can be more wicked or more perfidious than thyself. - This is what Spain believes, listen now to what she expects. - She expects nothing from thee, - thou canst give her nothing. - She expects that rising in mass she is able to resist thee and will turn all thy infernal machinations and military talents into scorn - She expects that her Spaniards will choose to lose their lives in defence of their Fortunes, their Country and their Religion at home rather than be conducted by thee to a place where they will not find a sepulchre. - She expects never to be governed by one of so low a birth as thyself. - She expects to conquer Napoleon, that monster of iniquity, and to free the powers of Europe which he hath enslaved. - In fine she is anxiously expecting thy disastrous end, which cannot differ much from that which Nabuco, Sapan and others have met with, who swelled with pride took pleasure in hearing the flattering and blasphemous appellations of All Powerful &c. which wicked and vile creatures gave thee. - She trusts not so much in her own forces as in God, who frustrated and discovered thy shocking plots on the 13th of March. - She expects that His Divine Majesty will not give thee power to destroy us but only to torment us for a little time, us who are marked with the sign of God, us who are Spanish Christians. - Expect, that armed with the sign of the Cross as with a shield, Spain will be the instrument which God will make use of for the Christian conquest of the world, - and in fine expect that she will make thee give up all that thou hast plundered from God, from the Churches, and from Europe, - She will chastise thee as thy crimes deserve, she will free the World from a tyrannical usurper, from a troublesome heretick, from a child of Sin, from a perfidious and common enemy of God, of his Church, and of all the human race. - It only remains now to know what thou expectest from Spain. - Dost thou expect that she will proclaim thee King? - O no, - she never will, - she has before her eyes all that Italy hath suffered for proclaiming thee King. - Dost thou expect that she will entreat thy brother Joseph to accept the regal power? No, indeed she will not, - she will not bring upon herself the woes which Naples hath done. - She cannot concieve [sic] that any body can be her King except Ferdinand who is the sworn successor of Charles. - Dost thou imagine that thou hast many friends in Spain? If so, do undecieve [sic] thyself. - Well is known the indignant treatment poor Moreau, Pichegru, and Villeneuve received, - who were the very generals who served thee and contributed to thy elevation or rather, usurpation. - Dost thou expect that Spain will acknowledge that thou hast conquered her, and that with no greater loss than 25 frenchmen [sic] thou hast slain 3000 Spaniards. No. - No. - Believe that Spain will speak nothing but the truth. Spain affirms that the fortresses which thou sayest thou hast made thyself master of, were all delivered up to thee by order of thy friend the Prince of Peace - But the same did not take place in the Cities, for they gave thee a sufficient proof in Madrilenos del pueblo baxo of the VALOR of her troops when without any arms except their knives they slew 5000 French with the small loss of only 200 men. - This is the truth which never appeared in thy Gazettes. - In a word, thou mayest hope to conquer Spain, but she is well assured that wert thou even to conquer her it would be with immense loss, - and thou wouldst not gain a single heart. - But I pray thee, do not flatter thyself that thou canst conquer her. On the contrary expect chastisement due to the most scandalous iniquity that hath ever existed on the face of the earth. - Expect the same that thou threatenest England with, for what she did in Denmark, yes, expect more, for infinitely greater is the crime which thou hast committed. Expect that thine own troops will abandon thee and join thine enemies. - Expect that whilst thou art glutting thyself in Spain, all the surrounding Nations who abhore thee will rise up against thee. It is Spain will conquer thee and put an end to thin Empire, and under the banner of the Cross will extend her own to the confines of the Earth. Wherefore Napoleon, begin to fear, for thy end is close at hand. Fear Spain, not so much on account of her valor, as on account of thine own wickedness. - Fear the God who protects her and on whom she relies; for that same God who with a handful of Hebrews overthrew the army of Philistinse [sic] which on account of its numbers was compared to the sands of the Sea - that same God who in the like manner destroyed the army of Xerxes composed of 5,000,000 of foot and 100,000 horse, will send his Angels to fight for the Spaniards, as he has done heretofore. He will send them more particulars in a war in which the interest and honour of his Religion is concerned, and they will exterminate an army so wretched as thine is, so miserable, so wearied, and so deprived of every necessary.

The following answer to the petition of the inhabitants of this town, from the President of the United States was received yesterday by the Selectmen, and is now presented to the public by their order.
William Cooper, Town-Clerk.
Boston, Sept. 6, 1808.
Sir,                  August 26, 1808.
I beg leave to communicate through you the inclosed answer to the representation which came to me under cover from you, and to add the assurances of my respect.
Thomas Jefferson.
Charles Bulfinch, Esq. for [right pointing brace]
the Selectmen of Boston.

To the inhabitants of the Town of Boston in legal [heading]
town meeting assembled. [heading]
Your representation and request were received on the 22d inst. and have been considered with the attention due to every expression of the sentiments and feelings of so respectable a body of my fellow citizens. No person has seen, with more concern than myself, the inconveniences brought on our country in general, by the circumstances of the times in which we happen to live; time to which the history of nations presents no parallel. For years we have been looking as spectators on our brethren of Europe, afflicted with all those evils which necessarily follow an abandonment of the moral rules which bind men and nations together unconnected with them in friendship and commerce, we have happily so far kept aloof from their calamitous conflicts, by a steady observance of justice towards all, by much forbearance, and multiplied sacrifices. At length however, all regard to the rights of others having been thrown aside, the belligerent powers have beset the highway of commercial intercourse with edicts, which taken together, expose our commerce and mariners, under almost every destination, a prey to their fleets and armies. Each party indeed would admit our commerce with themselves, with the view of associating us in their war against the other. But we never wished war with neither [sic]. - Under these circumstances were passed he laws of which you complain, by those delegated to exercise the powers of legislation for you, with every sympathy of a common interest in exercising them faithfully. In reviewing these measures therefore, we should advert to the difficulties out of which a choice was of necessity to be made. - To have submitted our rightful commerce to prohibitions and tributary exactions from others, would have been to surrender our independence. To resist them by arms was war, without consulting the state of things or the choice of the nations. The alternative preferred by the Legislature of suspending a commerce placed under such unexampled difficulties, besides saving to our citizens their property, and our mariners to their country, has the peculiar advantage of giving time to the belligerent nations to revise a conduct as contrary to their interests as it is to our rights.
"In the event of such peace, or suspension of hostilities between the belligerent powers of Europe, or of such change in their measures affecting neutral commerce, as may render that of the U. States sufficiently safe, in the judgment of the President," he is authorised to suspend the embargo. But no peace or suspension of hostilities, no change of measures affecting neutral commerce, is known to have taken place. - The Orders of England, and the Decrees of France and Spain, existing at the date of these laws, are still unrepealed as far as we know. In Spain indeed a contest for the Government appears to have arisen; - but of its course and prospects, we have no information on which prudence would undertake a hasty change in our policy, even were the authority of the executive competent to such a decision.
You desire that, in this defeat of power, Congress may be specially convened. It is unnecessary to examine the evidence or the character of the facts which are supposed to dictate such a call: Because you will be sensible, on an attention to dates, that the legal period of their meeting is as early as, in this extensive country, they could be fully convened by a special call.
I should, with great willingness, have executed the wishes of the Inhabitants of the town of Boston, had peace, or a repeal of the obnoxious edict, or other changes, produced the case in which alone the laws have given me that authority; and so many motives of justice and interest lead to such changes, that we ought continually to expect them. But while these edicts remain, the Legislature alone can prescribe the course to be pursued.
Aug. 26, 1808. Th: Jefferson.

Stabroek: Printed and Published
By Edward James Henery.

Supplement to the Essequebo & Demerary Royal Gazette.


Saturday, December 17th, 1808.

Stabroek: - Printed by E. J. Henery.

[No List of Runaway and Arrested Slaves]


Created: 18 June 2008   Last modified:     Creator: Wilmer, John Lance    Maintainer: Rodney Van Cooten
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