Essequebo and Demerary Royal Gazette 1811 August 20


Vol. VI.]

[No. 399.

TUESDAY, AUGUST 20th, 1811.

ON board of the ship Sophia, a few Hhds. of Superior CLARET, and Pipes of Best Particular TENERIFFE WINE, at a reduced price for Cash only, to be paid on delivery. Apply to
R. F. HAWKINS, on board, or to
Messrs. J. ROBERTSON and Co.
August 20.

Three Hundred Guilders
WILL be given for information of any White or free Coloured Person harbouring a Mulatto Woman, by name SALLY ANN; who absconded on Wednesday the 14th instant; and Three Joes, if proved on a Slave, so that the Law may be enforce against the offender. She is well-known in the three Colonies, and when she last absconded passed in Berbice, by the name of Sarah. Captains of Vessels are particularly requested to have a search made prior to their sailing, as she has been heard to say it was her intention to quit the Colony. Two Joes will be paid to any person who will deliver her to
Mahaica Ferry, August 19.

THE Undersigned offers for Sale, a few Negro Domestics, whom he can recommend: as two washerwomen, a very good cook, a taylor, and a grass-cutter; also, a very fine-toned Grand Piano, a fast-rowing six-oared Yacht, and an Irish Jaunting Car, with a steady strong Horse, accustomed to draw it.
August 20th. C. MACRAE.

And for Sale by the Subscribers,
In Firkins and half Firkins,
August 20th. OWEN KERNAN and Co.

For Sale.
A Lot of Land in Cumingsburg, belonging to the Estate of the late JOHN M'CLURE, and known on the Chart of that town as No. 221. For particulars apply at the store of
August 17th. OWEN KERNAN and Co.
[Transcriber's note: additional information supplied in this advertisement, which makes it different from that in 18110817EDRG.]

A Convenient DWELLING HOUSE, with good Out-Buildings attached, situated next Mr. MARSHALL's Hotel, in front of Plantation Vlissingen. Apply to the Subscriber on the above Plantation.
August 20th. JOHN BROWN.


On Monday the 9th of September, will be exposed for Sale, at the Vendue Office, by order of R. KINGSTON and W. M'BEAN, q.q. JAMES FREELAND, a negro man named Jacob.
August 20th. KINGSTON and M'BEAN.


This is to inform the
Public, that the following
Persons intend quitting this

Van het Secretary deezer
Colonie word geadverteerd,
dat de volgende Persoonen
van voorneemens zyn van hier
na elders te vertrekken, viz;

G. Willoughby, in 14 days, or 6 weeks, from July 26.
H. Yearwood, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 26.
H. Hyndman, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 26.
R. Hyndman, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 26.
J. Barton, in 14 days from . . . . . . . . . 27.
R. Gemmel, in 14 days, or 6 weeks, from . . . 29.
F. W. Overweg, . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
L. Playter, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
A. Black, . . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
J. Donaghue, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
G. Angle, . . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 3.
H. R. Kruse, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 2.
J. Smith, his Wife and Family in 14 days from 3.
G. Healis, in 14 days, or 6 weeks, from . . . 7.
J. Allan and his Wife, in 14 days from . . . 15.

A Well disposed NEGRO GIRL, from 10 to 12 Years of age. Apply at the Office of this Paper. August 20th.

The Fame from Barbados (eighteen days' passage) has brought Papers to the 30th ult. but their contents are unimportant.


In the British House of Commons, on the 21st of June, Mr. Whitbread moved for the production of copies of all the documents that passed between Lord Wellesley and Mr. Pinkney (the late American Minister), previous to his resigning his functions as such, and subsequent departure from England; the American accounts of which were then in his possession, as inserted in the papers of that country, and from which he requested to read several extracts. This, however, not being granted, he continued to argue very strongly in favor of the American Government, and indeed insinuated throughout the whole of his speech, that there existed a determination on the part of Ministers, to provoke hostilities and further observed, that the British Government had greatly insulted the United States in the person of their diplomatic representative, by neglecting to answer some, and protracting replies to other of his interrogatories; and finally concluded with the remark, that by our condemnation of the Ship Fox, and other American vessels, in pursuance of our Orders in Council, we had "thrown away the scabbard as regarded America." How far this has been done, a referral to the following opinion of the Judge of the Admiralty Court will better explain.
"The first question is, what is the proper evidence in this Court to receive, under all the circumstances of the case, in proof of the fact that he has made a bona fide, retraction of those measures (the Berlin and Milan Decrees). Upon that point it appears to me that the proper evidence for the Court to receive, is the declaration of the State itself which issued the retaliatory orders, that it revokes them in consequence of such a change having taken place in the conduct of the enemy. When the state, in consequence of gross outrages upon the law of nations committed by its adversaries was compelled by a necessity which it laments, to resort to measures which it otherwise condemns, it pledged itself to the revocation of those measures as soon as the necessity ceased. - And till the State revokes them, this Court is bound to presume that the necessity continues to exit; it cannot, without extreme indecency, suppose that they would continue a moment longer than the necessity which produced them, so that the notification that such measures were revoked would be less public and formal than their first establishment. Their establishment was doubtless a great and signal departure from the ordinary state of the exercise of public hostilities, but was justified by that extraordinary deviation from the common exercise of hostility in the conduct of the enemy.
"The edicts of the enemy themselves, obscure and ambiguous in their usual language, and most notoriously and frequently contradicted by his practice, would hardly afford the Court a satisfactory evidence of any such change having actually and sincerely taken place. This State has pledged itself to make such a notification when the fact happens, it has pledged itself so to do by its public declarations - by its acknowledged interpretations of the law of nations - by every act which can excite a universal expectation and demand, that it shall redeem such a pledge. In such an expectation peculiar to this Court? Most unquestionably not. It is universally felt and universally expressed. What are the expectations signified by the American Government in this public correspondence referred to? not that these Orders would become extinct under the interpretations of this Court, but that the State would rescind and revoke them. What the expectation expressed in the numerous private letters exhibited to the Court amongst the papers found on board this class of vessel? not that the British Orders had expired of themselves, but that they would be removed and repealed by the public authority. If I took upon myself to annihilate them by interpretation, I should act in opposition to the apprehension and judgment of all parties concerned - of the individuals whose property is in question, and of the American Government itself, which is bound to protect them. -
"In the absence of any declaration of the British Government to such an effect, there is to a total failure of all other evidence (if the Court were at liberty to accept other evidence as satisfactory), that the French Decrees had been revoked. If I were driven to decide upon that evidence, independent of all evidence to be regularly furnished by the Government under whose authority I sit, I think I am bound to pronounce that no such revocation has taken place, and therefore that the Orders in Council subsist in perfect justice as well as in complete authority. -
"The last question is, are there any circumstances addressed to equitable consideration, than can relieve the claimant from the penal effects of these Orders? Certainly, if as could be urged that arose from the conduct of the British Government itself, they might be urged with a powerful and even irresistible effect; but if they found themselves in the fraud of the enemy, or in the misapprehensions of the American Government induced by the fraud of the enemy, this found no claim on the British Government or on British Tribunals. In the one case they must resort for redress to a quarter where, I fear, it is not to be found - to the Government of the enemy; in the other where, I presume, it is to be found - to the Government of their own country.
"Upon the declaration of the American Government, have already said as much as consists with the respect which I am bound to pay to the declaration of a foreign Government professedly neutral. - The custom-houses of that country, for the claimants, cleared us out for France publicly and without reserve. They did so; but they left the claimants to pursue all requisite measures for their own security, in expectation, I presume, that they would inform themselves by legal inquiry, whether the blockade continued to exist if its continuance was uncertain. That it was perfectly uncertain in their own apprehensions, is clear from the tenor of these letters of instructions to the different masters of these vessels. In these letters, which are numerous, all is problematical between hope and fear - a contest between the desire of getting first to a tempting market on the one side, and the possible hazard of British capture on the other; and it is to be regretted that the eagerness of mercantile speculation has prevailed over the sense of danger. In such a state of mind, acting upon circumstances, the party must understand that he takes the chance of events - of advantage, if he [sic - the?] event which he hopes for has taken place, and of loss if it has not. It is his own adventure, and he must take profit or loss as the event may throw it upon. - He cannot take the advantage without the hazard of loss, unless by resorting to British ports in the Channel, where certain information may be obtained, on the truth of which all prospects of loss or profit may safely be suspended. On the British Government no responsibility can be charged. They were bound to re[illegible] as they were satisfied of the sincere revocation of the French Decrees. Such satisfaction they have not signified, and I am bound to presume that no such satisfaction is felt. With respect to the demand of warning, the Orders themselves are full warning. They are the most formal admonitions that could be given, and being given and unrevoked, they require no subsidiary notice.
"On the grounds of the present evidence, I therefore see no reason to hold the claimants discharged; but I do not proceed to an ultimate decision upon their interests till I see the effect of that additional evidence which is promised to be produced upon the fact of the retraction of their Decrees, said to have been very recently received from Paris by the American Charge d' Affaires in this country."


According to promise, we now proceed to gratify ourselves and the public, by noticing the brilliant fêtes, and splendid entertainments, of last week, which were given by our military commandant, Major-General Carmichael, in honour of the birth-days of their Royal Highnesses the Prince Regent and the Duke of York, who, every soldier delight to hear, is again Commander in Chief.

The Ball and Supper, in honour of the Prince Regent's birth-day, we understand, was deferred till the 15th instant, that it might not interfere with the large party given by His Excellency Governor Bentinck, on the 12th instant, in honour of the same event; as well as allow time for his Excellency Governor Gordon, of Berbice, to honour the entertainments with his presence.

We also understand that the invitations sent out by the Major General were upon a scale commensurate with his loyalty as a general officer, and with his usual hospitality as a private gentleman. To every lady, from the Pomeroon to the Corentine, were cards of invitation sent; but should any mistakes have occurred, from the difficulties of communication along a coast of two hundred miles, we feel well assured they will be viewed with a liberal indulgence by every inhabitant in the Colony. However, not withstanding the well-known difficulties of communication, a greater assemblage of beauty and fashion was witnessed at Camp-house on Thursday last, than was ever before seen in Demerary.

The ball was opened by the Major General and Mrs. Van Nooten; and was kept up with great spirit till two o'clock in the morning, when upwards of seventy ladies, and two hundred gentlemen sat down to an elegant supper, where every luxury the country afforded was profusely provided and tastefully arranged. The temporary building allotted for the supper room, was decorated with appropriate transparencies, whilst fruit and flowers of every taste and every hue could be plucked from the branches entwined round the pillars supporting the fabric. Flags surrounded the whole, having in the centre that of Great Britain, which has so often waved triumphantly in every quarter of the globe - and which, within these few years, the Major-General himself had planted, as a conqueror, on the walls of St. Domingo - walls, the first raised by Europeans in the new world, and whose foundation had been laid by the immortal Columbus.

After the supper, various loyal and appropriate toasts were drank with enthusiasm; the first of which was "The King," the second, "The Prince Regent, and many happy anniversaries," and upon which, the Major-General, with a warmth and feeling, obvious to every one, addressed the ladies and gentlemen, who had honoured him with their assistance for the purpose of commemorating that joyful event, that every testimony of loyalty and affection to his Royal Highness must contribute to the happiness of our revered Sovereign, and which was so justly evinced by the people of England to a beloved Prince, proving himself the faithful representative of a monarch, who had reigned for more than half a century in the hearts of his subjects; and concluded by expressing his hope and anxious wish to live in habits of good friendship, and social intercourse with the inhabitants of these colonies - a wish, which we venture to assert, was met with corresponding sentiments by every one of his highly honoured guests.

The splendid hospitality of the 15th instant, in honour of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, was succeeded by another fête on the next evening, in honour of the birth-day of his Royal Highness the Duke of York, to which all the ladies of the preceding evening were invited.

The entertainment commenced with a brilliant display of fire-works, made for the occasion; and every difficulty in producing these elegant military specimens of art, and yielded to the resources of the Major-General himself, whose personal labour, for several days, had been devoted to preparations for this amusement. And when we consider, the difficulty in procuring the necessary ingredients in this country, and the imperfections of substitutes, every allowance must be made for a few partial failures, and every praise is due for the general effect of the whole.

Such, however, had been the delights of the preceding evening, that before the fire-works were ended, the ladies left the adjoining Barrack, where they had been kindly received, and hospitably entertained, in order to renew the sprightly dance. On the route, however, the display of fire-works again commenced, and the road to Camp-house and the ball-room was laid under a heavy fire of cannon and musketry, crackers and rockets, sufficient to appal the bravest troops. With great military presence of mind, the ladies in double quick time, formed a close column of attack; and in spite of the tremendous cannonade, and even springing of mines, every obstacle was removed by beauty and enterprise. The ladies of Demerary, as was to be expected, were irresistible; and in a few minutes gained entire possession of Camp-house and the ball-room. We are also happy to say that all the killed have recovered, and the wounded are doing well.

At 10 o'clock dancing again began, and the pleasure and hospitality of the preceding evening were renewed in honour of the birth-day of his Royal Highness the Duke of York - the soldier's and the brave man's friend.

In the course of the evening, after the King's, Queen's, and Prince Regent's health, had been given, that of the Duke of York was proposed by the Major-General; who said - he felt himself impelled upon this occasion, to express his feelings, which, he believed, to be in unison with the whole of the British army - which had, in so many instances, experienced the beneficial effects of his Royal Highness's incessant attention to its discipline and welfare in every respect; and, of which, His Majesty's forces were now exhibiting invincible proofs upon the Continent of Europe. The Major-General then observed, that, as a soldier, he was not actuated by courtesy, but induced in justice and honour, to declare, that circumstances of his duties, for the last nineteen years, had afforded him opportunities of being acquainted with some routine of promotion, and the general sentiments of British Officers - from one of whom he had never heard a murmur against the Commander in Chief, but on the contrary, had known gentlemen of candour, acknowledge favours and acts of kindness, for which the Commander in Chief could not have any motive or interest, excepting the gratifying reflections of impartiality and benevolence. The health of his Royal Highness was then given, with the sentiment - "That his command might ever be graced with such generals as Wellington, Beresford, and Graham."

We cannot conclude our account of these fêtes, which will long be remembered amongst us, without adding our tribute of praise to the taste and elegance which prevailed every where around Camp-house; hedges removed, illumined groves, crowns of fire, and charming music equally pleased and surprised each delighted guest; many of whom only quitted the fairy scenes with the morning's dawn.

In addition to the above, the following entertainments have been given to His Excellency Governor Gordon - a party on Saturday, by Col. Stewart and the Officers of the Royals, met him at the Mess; on Sunday at Governor Bentinck's - and Major-General Carmichael closed the entertainments last night, with a large party at the Union Coffee House.

Of the transparencies before-mentioned, the one, which so happily alluded to the victories of Palavera, Albuera, and Barrosa, was the production of Mr. Bryant's pencil.


The earth and sea we traverse o'er,
From pole to pole, from shore to shore,
And nature's latent springs explore,
                        For money.

Through boiling deeps incessant ply,
And burning sands, a torrid sky,
Eternal polar frosts defy,
                        For money.

The Furies dread of wind and wave,
That round his bark tremendous rave,
The hardy sailor dares to brave,
                        For money.

The merchant's hope the happy gale,
To waft from 'far the cumbrous bale;
And watch the lucky hour of sale,
                        For money.

The peasant makes his humble bow,
And daily plies the spade or plough;
The sweat distilling from his brow,
                        For money.

Though patriot-like he puff and swell,
As if he had the heart of Tell,
The statesman will his country sell,
                        For money.

The spring of virulent [illegible],
The wayward strife and vengeful hate,
And war, the curse of many a state,
                        Is money.

Hard, griping miser, lank and bare,
Denied to rest, and needful fare,
Torment their narrow souls with care,
                        For money.

Attentive wait on Mammon's call,
Before the altar prostrate fall,
And barter conscience, virtue - all,
                        For money.

The fortune-hunter heaves a sigh,
And for his mistress feigns to die;
But what has won his heart and eye?
                        Her money.

The nabob, lo! the heir attends,
And crowds of specious, supple friends;
But mark their secret selfish ends -
                        His money.

The jockey lies, and cheats, and swears;
The preacher stamps, and foams, and stares;
And hypocrites prolong their prayers,
                        For money.

The advocate expounds the laws,
Right slyly twists a knotty clause,
And warmly pleads his client's cause,
                        For money.

The doctor makes his deep surmise;
Affects to seem most wondrous wise,
His learned recipe supplies,
                        For money.

The quack proclaims unerring skill,
Prescribes his universal pill,
Will wound, or heal, or cure, or kill,
                        For money.

The shuffling gambler packs the deck;
The knave and villain forge a check;
The thief and footpad risk their neck,
                        For money.

The assassin, nor in rage nor strife,
Whets and conceals the bloody knife,
And coolly spills the sacred life,
                        For money.

What will our credit still preserve?
Of action be the vital nerve?
And what will every purpose serve?
                        'Tis money.

O money! source of weal and woe,
Our very friend, our deadly foe;
More precious wealth let's ne'er forego,
                        For money.

                        S. E.


August 20. Ship Camilla, Capt. Orr, from Grenock [sic], - Ballast.
20 [sic] Sloop Fame, Tynes, Barbados, Pork, butter, Flour, &c.

August 20. Ship Ariadne, Bird, for Greenock.

Died. - On Sunday, the Lady of JOSEPH WARD, Esq. of Plantation Industry.

STABROEK: Printed and Published
By Edward James Henery.

Created: 22 June 2011   Last modified:     Creator: Wilmer, John Lance    Maintainer: Rodney Van Cooten
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