Essequebo and Demerary Royal Gazette 1811 September 10


Vol. VI.]

[No. 405.


Payable in Rum, Sugar, or Molasses. Apply at the Counting-House of the late J. BOTHAMLEY, deceased. September 9th.

PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given, that it is the intention of RICHARD NUGENT, q.q. the Estate of ROBERT CARROL, deceased, to petition the Governor and Court of Policy for the freedom of two coloured Children of the Negress Betty Cumba, called Frank and Sally, agreeable to the Will of the said ROBERT CARROL. Aug. 29.
[Transcriber's note: this advertisement did not appear in an earlier issue; compare with a modified advertisement in 18110928EDRG.]

Printed and Sold at the Royal Gazette Office:
The Oration of the Revd. G. Ryk, (in Dutch and English) on laying the foundation of the Dutch Church.
The Manner of Proceeding in the Courts of these Colonies, in Dutch and English.
Smith's Medical Instructions, for the Inhabitants of these Colonies.
Block-House Signals on Cards.
Bills of Exchange and Lading.
Blank Coffee Certificates,
Almanacks, &c. &c.

Black and white twilled and plain sarsnet,
Spider net for ladies' dresses,
Pink, blue, and white silver gauze,
A new and fashionable assortment of ribbons,
Thread laces, lace handkerchiefs,
Black and white silk stockings,
Cotton, do.
Black Italian muslin,
Cotton cambric, printed calicoes, &c. &c.
September 10th. S. DE SAULLES.

Two Horses for Sale.
One of which is an excellent DRAFT HORSE.
Enquire at the Office of this Paper.
Sept. 10th.

BY virtue of a Resolution taken by the Hon. Court of Justice over the Colony of Essequebo, dated 4th June, 1811, I, the undersigned, call in hereby all the known and unknown Creditors of the Estate of N. FARRELL, deceased, to render in their claims to my Office, within three months from this date; to be enabled to form a proper statement of the books, and to bring the affair to a complete settlement.
Essequebo, Fort Island, 1st September, 1811.
Curator of the Estate of N. Farrell, decd.
[Transcriber's note: date of 'resolution' is different in the Dutch version.]

NAA bekoomen Authorisatie van den Edele Achtbaare Hove van Justitie der Colonie en onderhoorige Districten van Essequebo, blykens Resolutie in dato 4 July, 1811, door hun Ed: Achtb: genoomen, zoo worden door my ondergeteekende opgeroepen alle bekende en onbekende Crediteuren van den Boedel N. FARRELL, omme hunne pretentien binnen den tyd van drie maanden naar dato deeses, ten mynen Comptoire in te geeven, ten eynde deesen Boedel zo spoedig moogelyk tot liquiditeit te brengen.
Essequebo, Fort Eyland, 1ste September, 1811.
Curator in den Boedel N. FARRELL.
[Transcriber's note: date of 'resolution' is different in the English version.]

BY virtue of a Resolution taken by the Hon. Court of Justice over the Colony of Essequebo, dated 8th May, 1811, the undersigned call in hereby all the known and unknown creditors of the estate of L. C. BLECHER, deceased, to render in their claims to my Office, within three months from this date; to be enabled to form a proper statement of the books, and to bring the affairs to a complete settlement.
Essequebo, Fort Island, 1st September, 1811.
Curator of the Estate of L. C. Blecher, decd.

NAA bekoomen Authorisatie van den Edele Achtbaare Hove van Justitie der Colonie en Onderhoorige Districten van Essequebo, blykens Resolutie in dat den 8 Mey, 1811, door hun Ed: Achtb: genoomen. zoo warden door my ondergeteekende ongeroepen alle bekende en onbekende Crediteuren, van den Boedel wylen L. C. BLECHER, omme bunne pretentien binnen den tyd van drie maanden naa dato deeser, ten ???? Comptoire in te geeven, ten einde deese Boedel zoo spoedig moogelyk tot liquiditeit te kunnen brengen.
Essequebo, Fort Eyland, 1ste September, 1811.
Curator in den Boedel L. C. BLECHER.

Imported in the BRAGANZA, from London
[first column]
Brass-bound mahogany travelling desks
Mahogany dressing-cases complete
Penknives and sliver pencil-cases
Buck stout pocket-knives
Setts white and green ivory table-knives and forks, with carvers
German steel pit-saws
Masons' patent trowels
Carpenters' chalk-lines
Ditto German steel hand-saws
Hand-saw, frame-saw, and cross-cut-saw files
Hook-and-eye and T hinges
Felling axes and carpenters' adzes
Coopers' drivers, adzes, axes, and spokeshaves
Best Kirby sea-hooks
Corkscrews, razors
[second column]
Tin coffee biggins, japanned
Wood handle G. R. matchets [sic]
24-inch cutlass-blades
Hoes and shovels
Nails, 4d, 6d, 8d, 10d & 20d
6-inch spike-nails
Teakettles, planished [sic] tops
Horn and tin lanthorns
Copper powder-flasks, spring top
Leather shot-bags, spring charger
Horse-combs, with sponges
Tortoise-shell pocket-combs
Whitechapel and sail needles
Fryingpans and gridirons
Fish-kettles and tin dish-covers
Wine and water-vat brass cocks
Braces, mounted with brass with 36 bitts
Sauce-pans, with covers
[end columns]

TWO NEW PUNTS, one thirty-six feet keel, twelve feet beam, the other, thirty feet by ten; for which Produce will be taken in payment. Apply to the Printer, or the Subscriber.
September 10th. H. B. FRASER.

12 or 14 well-disposed NEGROES,
Who have been accustomed to field work, on a Plantation for several Years, and for whom a payment will be taken in Rum and Molasses. For particulars enquire at the Office of this Paper.
September 10th.


[Transcriber's note: no new or modified vendues in this issue.]


This is to inform the
Public, that the following
Persons intend quitting this

Van het Secretary deezer
Colonie word geadverteerd,
dat de volgende Persoonen
van voorneemens zyn van hier
na elders te vertrekken, viz;

F. W. Overweg, in 14 days, or 6 weeks, from August 1.
L. Playter, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
A. Black, . . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
J. Donaghue, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 1.
G. Angle, . . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 2.
H. R. Kruse, . . . . . . ditto . . . . . . . 2.
G. Healis, in 14 days, or 6 weeks, from . . . 7.
A. Simpson, of Plantation Kitty, in 14 days,
      or 6 weeks, from . . . . . . . . . . 19.
W. Seymour, in 14 days from . . . . . . . . . 22.
W. Hedges, in 14 days or 6 weeks, from . . . 23.
M. Macdonald, in 14 days from . . . . . . . . 24.
J. Walsh, and two servants, in 14 days or 3 weeks, 31.
E. Walsh, in 14 days from . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.
J. Koene, and his servant Charles, in 14 days from 5 Sept.

No arrivals of importance having taken place since our last, we have had recourse to our Papers brought by the Packet, the Friendship, &c. and trust that the articles we have selected from them will not be found uninteresting to our readers.

Some Papers have been laid before the British Parliament, which prove more and more that whilst the self-styled Patriots have been hunting after grievances, the Ministers have been actually, though silently, introducing ameliorations into every department where wanted. These papers relate to the proceedings of the indefatigable Treasurer of the Navy in Prize Matters. There is a long statement; from him to the Lords of the Admiralty, distributed under distinct heads. The first head exposes the abuses to which the Navy has been exposed in the article of Agents' accounts. The second states that there has been obtained a sufficient register of prize to ensure a complete controul over every case of capture during the present war. The third shews the necessity of investing prize proceeds at interest, which has been done. The fourth head relates to excess of Agency, and states, that by the mode according to which the Agency on the net proceeds is now checked, and the disallowances in the Agents' accounts, for the recalls of Prize Shares and incidental charges, a large sum will be annually saved to the captors, exclusive of the advantages they will derive from examination of the account sales, which till now have never been checked. The fifth refers to Prize Distribution, and specifies that the facility with which the value of Prize property is now ascertained immediately after the sales and frequent communications with the Agents respecting the application of it, renders it impossible for the proceeds to be withheld from immediate distribution, when the ship is in the home service; and if on a foreign station, the proceeds are instantly ordered to be laid out in Exchequer Bills to await her return. The sixth states, that salvage or recapture can no longer now be withheld for any length of time, nor can there be any large sums reserved as heretofore in Agents' hands from prize payments. The beneficial effects of this regulation have been so great, that upwards of 400 prizes made in 1809 have been distributed to the Navy since January last, more than four times the number distributed in the one year after exposure in the first five years of the war.
Notwithstanding the charges of rapacity and extortion made by Lord Cochrane against the Vice-Admiralty Court of Malta, it is an undoubted fact, though probably not generally known, that the Judge, Officers, and Practitioners of that Court have for several years past waved their right to all fees whatever on condemnation of captures, where the property captured does not amount to 300l. value (with the exception of a very trifling fee to the Examiner and Interpreter); and that on captures above that sum, and under 500l. value, they only take one half of the established charge, thus giving up the whole of their time and trouble to the benefit of the captors in the one instance, and materially relieving them (to their own loss) in the other - a liberality of conduct not to be equalled in any other Admiralty Court within His Majesty's dominions.


Mr. Pickering's Address to the People of the United States, on the projected War with Great Britain.

Our rulers have made frequent and ample professions of their impartiality towards the two great belligerents, France and Great Britain; and, to support this pretension, have charged both with violating our neutral rights, and affected to direct their measures for redress equally against both. But I have shown the falsehood of this pretension. The embargo, particularly, so well coincided with the views of the French Emperor as to meet his entire approbation. His minister, the Duke of Cadore, in his letter of August 5, 1810, to Gen. Armstrong, says, "the Emperor applauded the Embargo." But, without reciting the numerous instances, which I have observed during an attendance in congress for the last eight years, but which it would take too much time to collect and present in their just form and colour, of the manifest partiality of our rulers in favour of France, I assume it as a notorious fact, demonstrated by their general course of conduct. With the multiplied proofs of partiality before me - when I saw our rulers shutting their eyes to the greatest enormities, to the most atrocious acts of piracy, robbery, and swindling, practised by the Great Emperor against my fellow-citizens; while all the acts of Great Britain, of which they complained were monstrously aggravated and distorted, in order to alarm and irritate the people against the only power which stood between us and subjection and slavery to France; I was led to apprehend it was their design to involve the United States in a war with Great Britain. But, having since witnessed only a repetition of hard words, the mere swaggering of bullies, with abundant evidences of ill-will but without any solid preparations for such a war; knowing also that the treasury was empty, and that, with their mischievous interruptions and restrictions of commerce, the public revenues were constantly diminishing; knowing farther their utter dread of imposing new taxes, which would hazard or destroy their popularity; and believing that a large addition to the old taxes, consisting wholly of duties on goods imported, by the temptation it would offer to smuggling, might rather lessen than increase the actual receipts of revenue; knowing, moreover, the disposition of the people of the United States to remain at peace; - from all these considerations I have, for a good while past, been disposed to believe our rulers were really as unwilling as the people were averse to engage in any war, even with Great Britain. In the actual state of things, I have even considered it fortunate that the absurd principle of Mr. Jefferson, that the public treasury ought not to be rich, because an accumulation of money might tempt the nation to go to war, was literally exemplified, he having so managed our public affairs as to empty the treasury, and to compel his successor to borrow several millions of dollars for the ordinary payments and expences of the government.
But a late occurrence, the hostile act of Commodore Rodgers, in his rencounter with a British sloop of war, has led me into a new train of thought. This rencounter having excited much public sensibility, and being, in my view, pregnant with serious consequences, no other subject demands such immediate consideration.
The meeting of the American frigate President, commanded by Commodore Rodgers, with the British sloop of war Little Belt, commanded by Captain Bingham, was doubtless accidental; but the circumstance under which the frigate sailed, as mentioned in the government paper at Washington, and the facts stated by Commodore Rodgers himself, in his official letter to the Secretary of the Navy, leave no room to doubt that his conduct was the result of previous orders from the Executive: in fact, to pursue the British frigate Guerrier [sic], which, not long before, had impressed an American citizen from one of our coasting vessels. Commodore Rodgers says, he was fourteen or fifteen leagues from that part of our coast called Cape Henry, when a sail was discovered in the east; that he gave her chase, and continued it for more than six hours, before he came up with her, the vessel chased all that time endeavouring to make her escape; for though the Commodore could not see him so clearly as to judge what was her size, it is plain she saw the vastly superior size of her pursuer, or she would not have run from her. These and some other circumstances, which may be afterwards noticed, prove satisfactorily that this unwarrantable chase was in execution of previous orders; without which Commodore Rodgers, as commanding a neutral armed ship, would not have felt himself justified in making it. - The same government-paper confirms this conclusion; for the Commodore having requested a formal inquiry into every part of his conduct in the case, that paper informs us that the President refused to grant his request - because he approved of the Commodore's conduct. This, indeed, has not been said in that newspaper under the hand of the President or of the Secretary of the Navy, because there is a possibility that, hereafter, it may be convenient to say that the editor made the publication without any authority. Certain it is that, although near a month has elapsed, we have heard of no inquiry. I take it for granted there will be none; for, if faithfully conducted, the Commodore, for his own justification, would be obliged to produce his orders, which might officially expose the Executive to merited censure for authorizing an act of war.
Let us for a moment consider the act of chasing. In time of universal peace, if vessels of the same or of different nations were to meet on the high seas, and hail each other, asking names and of what nation they were, or of any other civil questions, no one will assert that either is obliged to answer. - The not answering may be an evidence of churlishness; but the refusal to answer would not authorise the firing of a single shot: just as if two citizens meeting on the highway, and one civilly accosting the other, is passed without an answer, and unnoticed, - no one would justify the former in using his pistol or his cane to kill or beat the other, because he was deficient in politeness. - But when a nation is engaged in war, and sends out its armed vessels to cruise on the sea, the common highway of nations, then the right to chase, to hail, require an answer, to board, and to search, and eventually to attack, accrues to the vessels of the nations at war - because they have a right to capture those of their enemy. For, without these rights, a naval war would be useless - or rather could not exist. The neutral armed vessels, on the contrary, seeing her nation is at peace with all other nations; possess none of these rights, because not necessary to any of the objects of neutrality and peace; on the contrary, she is bound to avoid every hostile act, except in her own defence, when unjustly attacked. When she meets a belligerent armed vessel, it is her duty, if it be demanded, to make known her neutral character, to prevent the shedding of innocent blood, and the evils of war hazarded by a refusal to answer. As neutral, she has no evil or inconvenience to apprehend by making her neutrality known. - She has no right to chase, to hail, and to insist upon an answer, to board and to search, because she has no right to make a capture. The American frigate, then, having none of these rights, is responsible for all the evil consequent on the chase and the concealment of her neutral character. Commodore Rodgers assigns but one reason for giving chase; and, if he had not another resting on special orders from our Executive, he must be personally responsible for the blood that has been spilt. The chasing of the British vessel being an unlawful act, the killing of her crew, as the direct consequence of that unlawful act, is murder; and the Commodore's conscience would be but ill at ease, but for the orders from his government, which he conceived himself bound to execute.
By his own official report, it appears that Commodore Rodgers, on the 16th of May, at 25 minutes past noon, discovered a sail, when he was himself upwards of forty miles from Cape Henry; and the vessel whose sail he discovered in the east, from his mast head, must have been many miles further distant from our coast; that the vessel was standing towards him with a press of sail; that, at half past one o'clock, the symmetry [or just proportions] of her upper sails, (which were then distinguishable from his frigate's deck), and her making signals, shewed her to be a man of war, that, fifteen minutes afterwards, the Commodore hoisted his colours; when the other vessel, finding her signals not answered, changed her course, and stood to the southward.
Now, we come to Commodore Rodger's [sic] assigned reason for giving chase - "Being desirous of speaking her, and ascertaining what she was, I now made sail in chase;' and he continued the chase until fifteen or twenty minutes past eight, when, being distant from 70 to 100 yards, says the Commodore, "I hailed, what ship is that? To this inquiry no answer was given; but I was hailed by her commander, and asked, what ship is that? Having asked the first question, (continues the Commodore), I of course considered myself entitled, by the common rules of politeness, to the first answer. After a pause of fifteen or twenty seconds, I reiterated my first inquiry, of what ship was that? and, before I had time to take the trumpet from my mouth, was answered by a shot." A shot was returned from the American frigate, and, by the Commodore's statement, without orders, though just as we was on the point of giving an order to fire a shot in return. And thus commenced the action, which terminated in the killing and wounding of about 30 men of the crew of the British vessel. - Such is substantially Commodore Rodgers's account of the chase and the action.
I have already noticed the rights of an armed vessel of a nation at war on the high seas. She has a right to chase, because she is authorised to capture, the vessels of her enemy. She has a right to hail, and to require an answer, that she may avoid the attacking of a friend or of a neutral. If an answer be refused, she has a right to consider the vessel hailed as her enemy; and consequently to attack and take her, if he can, or to defend himself, and prevent the capture of his own vessel. But, I repeat, none of these rights belong to an armed vessel of a neutral nation. And if, by the refusal of the latter to answer and declare her neutral character, an attack ensues, the blame will rest wholly on the neutral. Whether, in the case under consideration, the blame should originally attach to Commodore Rodgers or to the President and Secretary of the Navy, or to all of them, will depend on the orders given to the Commodore. That his orders authorised and required the chase of a British armed vessel I cannot doubt. Unless furnished with positive evidence, I shall not be inclined to believe that Commodore Rodgers acted in this case without special orders; and the declared approbation of the President is an evidence that he obeyed the spirit of his orders. Or, if he had not such special orders, the President, by his approbation, has adopted and made the act his own - that is, the act of the United States, (represented by the President), for which the nation is responsible, and for which an explanation and satisfaction will be demanded - and by our government REFUSED.

Buenos Ayres Gazettes, to the 22d of March, are now in London. They contain a proclamation of Elio, Governor of Monte Video, declaring the government of Buenos Ayres, and its supporters, traitors; the proclamation of the Junta of Buenos Ayres, in answer, defying the power of Elio, and directing a general enlistment of the citizens, from the age of 16 to 45; and another proclamation of the latter, stating the capture of three of their vessels by the government of Monte Video.

Has excellent accommodations for Passengers, and will sail on Friday the 13th Instant. For Freight or Passage apply to the Captain on board, or at the Store of J. R. KENNY.
For Sale, imported by the above Schooner, a few Cases of MARTINIQUE NOYEAU. Apply as above. Sept. 10th.

L. VENABLES, Master.
Will sail on or about the 1st of October. For Freight of Coffee or Cotton, or Passage, apply to the Master on board, or at the Counting House of the late J. BOTHAMLEY, deceased. Sept. 9th.

ALL those who have any demands against the Estate of E. A. CHRISTIANI, deceased, are requested to render in their accounts at the House of Doctor J. C. MULLER, which, if found correct, will be paid; and those who were indebted to above E. A. CHRISTIANI, in his life-time, are requested to render payment, to enable the undersigned to bring his Boedel to a speedy liquidation, and to avoid all rigorous measures.
H. H. LUHRS, q.q.
September, 7th. and J. C. MULLER, q.q.

ALLE de geene die iets te pretenderen hebben van wylen den Boedel E. A. CHRISTIANI, worden verzogt hunne pretensien in te geeven, ten Huyze van Dr. J. C. MULLER, om na accoord bevinding te worden betaald, en die geene welke verschuldigt waaren van wylen gemelde E. A. CHRISTIANI, voor desselfs overlyden, verzogt betaling te komen doen, ten Huyse voornoemd, ten eynde gemelde Bodel te liquideeren, en alle rechtsmiddelen te prevenieeren.
H. H. LUHRS, q.q. meede
Sept. 7. voor J. C. MULLER.
[Transcriber's note: see 18110907EDRG – where the Dutch text is somewhat different.]

LIST of Runaway and Arrested SLAVES in the
Colony Stocks of DEMERARY, 7th September, 1811.








Boed. Engels,


Saint Pierre,

St. Deeges,

La Reduite,


Pl. La Resource,

Pl. Meerzorg.





J. Madden,



Dr. Reitser,

Pl. Georgia,





Pl. King Donan,



Juff. Van Doristen,




Dr. Lewis,


M. Doyle,



Pl. Trion,

Pl. Bats. Adventure,


Dr. Deeges,

Pl. Best,


Pl. Elizabeth-hall,

Juff. de Wolf,


Pl. Land Canan,

Pl. Schoonord,


Pl. Washinton,

Abary Ferry,



Pl. Vergennoegen.



Pl. Henry.

S. G. MARTENS, Drossart.
[Transcriber's note: minor change (names) in last two lines above.]

STABROEK: Printed and Published
By Edward James Henery.

Created: 22 June 2011   Last modified:     Creator: Wilmer, John Lance    Maintainer: Rodney Van Cooten
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