ESSEQUEBO [Colophon] & DEMERARY
ROYAL [Colophon] GAZETTE.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 3d, 1811.
For Sale, [heading]
Bills of Exchange on Lancaster, payable in London, at sixty days'
sight, in the following sums:
No. 1605 . . . £ 250
1606 . . . . 150
1607 . . . . 100
£ 500 Sterling.
Dec. 3. A. T. Browne.
subscriber's state of health rendering it necessary that he should leave the
Colony, he will dispose of his Billiard-Table (which is in good order), and all
the furniture necessary for continuing the establishment of a Tavern. Should
the same not be disposed of before the 30th inst. the whole will be sold on
that day by public Vendue.
Dec. 3. W. A. Ellis.
requests all persons indebted to him for their assistance, that he may be
enabled to discharge the demands against him.
Subscribers request all persons in this Colony having demands against the
Estate of Mr. Finlay Smith, deceased, or against the lower one-third of lots
No. 11 and 12, on the west sea coast of Berbice, to render the same, in one
month from this date, to Mr. H. M. Robertson, at Mahaica; and all persons
indebted to the Estate of the late Mr. F. Smith, are requested to come forward
with immediate payment.
Robinson, [Right pointing brace indicating 'Deliberating Executors']
3. H. M. Robertson,
SECRETARY's OFFICE, [heading]
is to inform the
that the follow-
Colonie word gead-
dat de volgende
van hier na elders te
Frankland, and family, with five slaves, (names to be seen at this Office), in
14 days, or 3 weeks from, . . . Nov. 8.
Campbell, in 14 days, or 3 weeks from . . . 15.
Kendrick, in 14 days, from . . . 16.
Coignaud, in 14 days, or one month 21.
Watson, sen. in do. or three weeks, . . . 25.
Sturdivent, (late Mate of the Ship Antigua Packet), in 14 days . . . 25.
S. Johnson, in do. or 6 weeks, . . . 28.
By the Ship Proselyte, Capt. Barton, the Brig Sir John Moore,
Capt. Greenidge, and the Schooner Burchall, Capt. Lawson; all from Barbados -
we have received Papers of that Island to the 26th ult.
Nearly two hundred Ladies and Gentlemen of these Colonies were
entertained with a Ball and Supper, at Marshall's Hotel, on Saturday last, by
the Sons of St. Andrew.
[following set as righthand column only]
At a Meeting of the Proprietors, Attornies, and other
Representatives, of Sugar Estates in the Colonies of Demerary and Essequebo,
held, in pursuance of public advertisement, at Marshall's Hotel, on Saturday,
the 30th of November, 1811;
The Honourable Joseph Beete, in the Chair; [centered]
The Hon. Tully Higgins,
D. H. Van Nooten,
C. M. Overweg
J. D. Goddard
N. M. Manget
P. Tinne, and
David King, Esquires; and
H. M. Bunbury [right pointing brace, inclosing this and the
following names, and indicating 'By Proxy.']
W. N. Firebrace
It was unanimously resolved,
1. That it
appears, by the Returns of the respective Receivers of the Taxes on the produce
of these Colonies, that there was produced, from the 1st of January to the 31st
of December, 1810, upwards of 22,520,000 Dutch pounds of sugar, equal to 11,040
tons weight; 1,080,000 gallons of rum; and 194,0000 gallons of molasses: That,
exclusive of these commodities, these Colonies also produced 21,140,000 Dutch
pounds, equal to 10,562 tons, of coffee; and more than 7,000,000 pounds of
2. That the total value of this annual produce, at a fair and
moderate estimate, would have been, in ordinary times, at least one million
eight hundred and sixty thousand pounds sterling; of which the sugar, rum, and
molasses, might have been fairly appreciated at four hundred and fifty thousand
3. That such has been the deteriorated state of our produce
generally, that the loss to Proprietors of Estates, of these Colonies, for the
last year, cannot be estimated at so low a rate, as twelve hundred thousand
4. That this has been, in a great measure, occasioned by the
destructive system of warfare, against individual property, adopted by the
implacable Enemy of Great Britain, which has fallen still more heavily on the
cotton and coffee, than even on the sugar planter.
5. That to this evil we must bow with submission, no adequate
remedy presenting itself to our minds; it might, however, have been alleviated
to the coffee and sugar-planters, by the permission to export their produce in
American bottoms, to the United States; which would have afforded them at least
a partial market, when there had ceased to be any demand in Great Britain.
This indulgence, which was granted during the former war, (a time of great comparative
prosperity to us, and of brisk exportation from Great Britain) has been
with-held at a moment of severe distress, when the barter of produce for
necessary supplies for our estates, has been most requisite for our support;
and we lament to see, is more likely to be restricted than extended, by the
late proclamation for the non-admission of American fish, after the 1st of
July, which would amount to a nearly total annihilation of the American trade
with the colonies. We trust however, that the British Government, casting an
eye of pity on our losses, and on our privation, will (unless political
circumstances intervene) reconsider and rescind that proclamation, before it
produces to us the evils we forebode.
6. That, returning to the principal object of this meeting, we
are at a loss to express those most lively sentiments of regret, that we so
deeply feel, that a bill, which would have given the sugar planters at least
some partial relief, by sharing with the French farmer, in the objects of the distillery
of Great Britain, should have been rejected; particularly at a moment when the
exportation trade and manufactories of Great Britain are so much reduced; for
while the latter extracts the last remains of the vital circulation of Great
Britain, by exhausting her of her specie to the last guinea, whatever remains
to the former, after the payment of heavy duties, freight, and charges, to the
British revenue and the British merchant, is laid out in the manufactures of
Great Britain, from the most complex and expensive machinery, to the lowest
priced negro hat, jacket, or blanket.
We are at a loss, therefore, to discover the policy of encouraging
a destructive evil in Great Britain, which, it appears, the most severe laws
(tho' they may punish) are wholly inadequate to prevent, at the expence of
reducing her own colonies to a state of distress, that, if much longer
continued, must suspend the operation of the sugar-engine, and leave the negro
in the state of nature.
7. That it
appears, by many account of sales received in these colonies, that one half the
gross sum, produced by the sugars, has been paid to the revenue in duty direct;
an equal share of the other half has been absorbed in freight, insurance,
charges, and commissions, to the ship-owner, under-writer, and merchant, of
Great Britain; while the remaining fourth, nominally received by the
proprietor, has been wholly inadequate to the expences of making the sugar, and
of paying for the necessary supplies from Great Britain; so that not only is
the proprietor deprived of any return whatever from his capital for his own
support, but he has been but too often unable to pay even the interest on the
debts, due from his estate, in Great Britain or Holland, and is in hourly
danger of having his whole capital, (large as it may have been) together with
the fruits of the persevering industry of his life, wrested out of his hands,
taken by a sequestration from under his direction, and loaded with enormous
commissions and expences, to his total ruin, and to the great injury of the
most numerous class of his fair creditors.
8. That melancholy as is this picture, its colours are so far
from being overcharged, that in many instance low sugars (such as are
principally used in the distilleries) have, since their prohibition for that
use, sold at rates that left no portion whatever of his produce to the
unfortunate proprietor, but the whole gross amount has been divided between the
duties and the charges.
9. That while seeking the kind and paternal intervention of the British
Government, to shield us from impending ruin, we have seen, with equal sorrow
and surprise, the situation of the sugar planter so grossly misunderstood, as
to be represented in a state of competition with the agriculturist of Great
Britain, or of seeking a boon from the fruits of his industry; but till the
English farmer depends upon exportation for the consumption of his grain, till
the produce of his land becomes deteriorated in price beyond all former
example, and the market for it nearly annihilated by the war, his situation,
instead of bearing any resemblance to ours, presents, in every point of view,
the direct reverse; nor can we, in such misrepresentation, trace any thing
beyond partial and private interest, where the ideas of the landholder supersede
those of the legislator, and the narrow principle of advancing local rent is
indulged at the expence of the broad and liberal one of supporting impartially
the great and general interest of the whole British empire; but, when it is
considered, that in this instance, it goes so far as to assist in supporting
our most determined and inveterate foe, in his aim at the destruction of the
finances, the liberty, and the commerce of Great Britain, we are at a loss by
what name to call such a perversion of principle.
10. That these colonies made a rapid progress in cultivation,
principally through the means of British capital, and their prosperity was
still encreasing till checked by the abolition of the slave trade, and after
that by the general destruction of commerce, which the miserable subjugation of
the major part of Europe has occasioned; since which time, while very large and
heavily encreasing debts are become due to the British merchant, balance
comparatively small in their origin, but enhanced by a long series of compound
interest, and frequently by heavy law charges, still remain unliquidated to the
former proprietors or merchants in Holland, so that the unfortunate proprietor
being, in most instance, deprived of the means of paying them off, or even of
lessening their amount, during the present deteriorated price of his
productions, is in eminent danger of his property being seized and sold by the
representative of their original creditor, at a very small proportion of its
value, to the total privation of any chance of the British creditor being
repaid for his debt.
Thus, in seeking that relief which we conceive is so easy for
Great Britain to give, by opening the distillery to our sugars, we are even
more strongly actuated by our most anxious desire, to do justice to our
confiding British creditors, than by that of relieving our own distresses,
deeply as we feel them.
Resolved, That a petition be prepared to both Houses of
Parliament, soliciting the permission of the use of sugar, on equal terms with
grain in the distilleries of Great Britain, and of such interchange of our
produce, with the United States of America, as may leave open a market by
barter, for our necessary supplies, during the annihilation of the price of
coffee, and the deterioration of that of sugar in Great Britain.
A copy of a petition for that purpose being produced, was then
read, and being unanimously approved of, was signed by the greater part of the
Mr. Johnstone then moved,
That the thanks of this Meeting be voted to the Chairman, for the
attention he has paid, and the trouble he has taken in forwarding a business,
in which the planters in these colonies are so deeply interested.
That the Resolutions and Proceedings of this Meeting be advertised
in the Colonial and British newspapers.
That there be added to the said advertisements a Copy of a
Resolution read at this Meeting, which, though containing, in the fullest
degree, the sense of the gentlemen present, was omitted, as irrelevant to the
immediate purpose of the present petition: That a subscription be opened for
raising a fund for the expence of advertisements, and other necessary charges,
in prosecuting this petition.
Petition remain at Marshall's Hotel for the purpose of additional signatures,
and that David King, Esquire, be requested to forward the same as soon as
That, as it may not be easy to convene a meeting of the same
subscribers, for the purpose of signing a duplicate of the same, when prepared,
the gentlemen signing the original, empower and request Mr. King to sign any
other copies in their names.
Which being unanimously agreed to, the Meeting adjourned.
Copy of the Resolution referred to in Mr. Johnstone's Motion in
the above advertisement.
That we are well aware of the strong and violent torrent of
prejudice that has been long excited against us in Europe, and particularly on
the subject of the Slave Trade. Advocates for the general prosperity of Great
Britain, and of her Colonies, far superior in ability to us, have been borne
down and swept away before it; and we are not so vain of our strength, as to
attempt to stem the tide, but must be content to go with the stream till its
violence be past, and its natural reflux begins to occur. This indeed can
scarcely be expected at present: too many inducements yet exist, so that cheap
humanity, that economical philanthropy, which, while it is exercised wholly at
the expence of others, brings in such ample and liberal returns of
self-applause and of mutual gratulation to its authors; yet, awaiting in
patience till the gratuitous banquet of fame be over, we may safely venture to
predict, that no small degree of surprise will be excited, when the applauding
guests shall be called on for their full share of the reckoning.
When, after a peace, and the great encouragement that foreign
nations will certainly give to their colonies by the introduction of Negro
labourers, (for in spite of all abstract reasoning in the exact proportion to
the facility of their acquisition, have the colonies of all nations flourished
or declined) the immense sums that are now paid to the British Revenue, to the
British Manufacturer, and to the British Merchant, finding their way into the
treasuries and aiding the commerce of Foreign Nations, at the expence of that
of Great Britain, shall call for a vast increase to the present heavy burthen
of domestic taxes to supply their place.
When Great Britain, foremost of all the nations in the race of
humanity, but falling miserably behind in the career of production, descends
from the high and lofty commercial station to which she has attained, by her
general, and in no small degree by her colonial, commerce; doubts may arise
whether that telescopic penetration that can spy evils and abuses at a
distance, while they grow up unnoticed under the feet of the sagacious
speculator; be a quality quite so much adapted as it has been deemed, to the
general prosperity of the British Nation.
The small still voice of policy, whispering that it might be necessary
to her interest and to her glory, to retrace some of her steps, that to
paralyze industry, to depricate [sic] cultivation, and to invoke sterility,
could be safe only when there was no competitor, nor perhaps even then
sagacious, might, when the clamour was over, perhaps make itself heard at last.
That such a time will come we most sincerely believe, and in this
opinion we are most truly disinterested for the general welfare of Great
Britain and not our individual interest is most likely to be concerned in the
completion of the prophecy, for tho' it may very reasonably occur before the
termination of our existence, we can scarcely be sanguine enough to expect it
to precede that of our total ruin.
Stabroek: Printed and Published
Every Tuesday and Saturday Afternoon
Edward James Henery.