ESSEQUEBO [Colophon] & DEMERARY
ROYAL [Colophon] GAZETTE.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1812.
Publishing by Subscription, [heading]
A COMPLETE HISTORY, natural and
philosophical, of the Morne-Soufriere or Volcano, situated on the
northern-extremity of the Morne-Agarou, in the Island of St. Vincent. By the
Revd. John Guilding, A.M. Rector of St. George and St. Andrew, and Chaplain to
the Garrison in the said Island.
- 1st. The fullest account existing of the former Eruption in 1718, (94 years
ago), collected from the public records of Martinique, Smith's History of
Nevis, and the Philosophical Transactions. 2dly. Doctor A. Anderson's Account
of his Journey to the Crater of this Mountain, in 1784: illustrated with Notes,
&c. The Editor visited this Mountain with Dr. Anderson in 1801, and
availed himself of many observations then made by him, respecting its
successive changes since his first visit to it. 3dly. An Account of a Journey
made (by the present writer) to the Crater in 1801, with a particular
description of its Cone, Lakes, and various romantic and sublime beauties as
they then existed. 4thly. A full account of the late Eruption, on the night
of the 30th of April, 1812, equally descriptive of that tremendous spectacle
and its direful effects. And 5thly. A Chymical Analysis of its various
Work is to be embellished with four elegant aquatint Engravings (from Drawings
taken on the spot), and coloured after Nature. 1st Print - A view of the
interior walls of the Crater, with the Cone and sheets of Water, as they stood
in 1801. 2d Print - A view of the West-side of the Mountain with its
prodigious Column of Smoke, as it appeared a few days before the last eruption.
3d Print - A View of the Mountain as it appeared about 11 o'clock on the night
of the eruption, when crowned with all its blazing and terrific grandeur. 4th
Print - A View of the Mountain a few days after the eruption, when it was
covered with ashes resembling snow; and the tree stripped of their foliage by
the falling stones - exhibiting (between the Tropics) the novel appearance of a
1. The Price to be Twelve Dollars. 2. The Book will be published on Royal
quarto, containing about 200 pages of letter-press. 3. The Prints will be
engraved by the first Masters, and in the highest style of perfection; and of
such a size as to be bound up with the book, or to be framed as Furniture
Prints, and will alone be worth Three Guineas.
the sole object of this publication, is to furnish the Public with an
interesting and satisfactory account of a subject which at present engrosses so
much of the attention of this and the surrounding islands, all idea of
emolument is discarded. Should the Subscription amount to more than the
expence of printing and engraving, the surplus will be faithfully appropriated
to the benefit of the sufferers.
N. B. The
intention of issuing the present Prospectus, is to learn if a sufficient number
of Subscribers can be procured to defray the expences of the Work. When that
is ascertained and not before, one half of the Subscription-Money will be
required to be paid down; as the publication will then commence. The other
half will not be required till its delivery.
in Demerary. [centered]
Beete, two copies.
are received by J. Beete, Esqr. J. Robertson, Esqr. and at the Royal Gazette
SMITH has the following articles, received by the Harmony, just come in from
London, and other late arrivals, viz. -
superfine black cloth coats, do. cassimere (black) pantaloons, do.
stocking-wove coloured do. do. white and striped jean trowsers, do. white
nankeen do. do. jackets and coatees, do. vests, white and coloured; willow and
coarse beaver hats, large sized cotton hammocks, white nankeen, by the piece;
furniture chintz, check, and calico; coarse and fine handkerchiefs, brown
platillas and Britannias, a small invoice (only 40 pieces) real India
handkerchiefs, a good assortment of stationery, a few jars of honey, black
pepper by the pound, fowling pieces, screws, plain and gilt coffin furniture,
large and small tea-trays, snuffer trays, bread baskets, plated candlesticks,
decanter sliders, elegant liquor and cruet frames, best double flint glass,
from 3 to 7 in a frame, elegantly cut; wine decanters, glasses, and tumblers,
port and Madeira wine in bottles, a few dozen Vin de Grave, jewellery and
cutlery, shoe blacking, table salt, almonds in the shell, refined palm soap,
Lundifoot's and Scotch snuff, a few coils once laid rope, coffee bags, and
twenty new puncheons, blown off ready to receive rum. He will take first
quality coffee, good cotton, sugar, or rum, in payment, at reasonable prices.
S. will also thank those who owe him, for payment.
August 4, 1812.
willing to Contract for the undermentioned Work, viz.
up the North and South Side Lines of New-Town District, in a proper manner; and
to cover the same with Ballast, when the Dam is sufficiently consolidated;
the Draining-Trench from the Middle Sluice in Cumingsburg, to Low-water Mark,
and throwing up the Mud against the South-side of the said Sluice.
up the same Dams in such parts as may be wanted, and pointed out by the
Inspector-General, at whose Office Plans may be seen.
please to send Tenders, for the whole or part thereof, to this Office, until
Thursday the 13th inst. when they will be opened, and the lowest offer, if
approved of, accepted.
Contractor is to be bound in the penalty of One Hundred Pounds Sterling for the
due performance of his contract.
Van Den Velden.
SALE - a SCHOONER - just launched; with or without Two Sailor-Negroes. Also a
middle-aged Woman, with three Children, of nine, eleven, and twelve years of
age; the mother is an excellent washerwoman, and the oldest boy a good
3. A. Macqueen, q q
SALE, at the Store of the Subscribers --
flour, beef and pork, hams, Gouda and Gloster cheese, tobacco in hogsheads and
barrels, soap and candles, hyson tea, sugar, Holland's gin, cogniac brandy,
port and Madeira wine, Antigua rum, porter and ale, pickles assorted, brown
stout and white wine vinegar, black pepper, stationery assorted, cordage,
mustard, salad oil, nails, Oznaburgs, dimity, check, check shirts, wine and
porter corks, &c.
George Lacy & Co.
ship icon - heading]
Schooner Flying-Fish, [heading]
sail to-morrow or next day. For freight or passage (the greatest part of the
former being yet unsupplied) apply to the Subscriber at the House of James
Lyon, Esqr. South-Street, Bridge-Town, or direct a line to him to the care of
P. Benjamin, Esqr.
has to dispose of a B. Captain, capable of steering by compass, and well
acquainted with the leeward and windward coasts. Coffee of a good quality will
be taken in payment, if immediately delivered, or other produce at a future
SALE for CASH or PRODUCE, [heading]
Assortment of SADDLERY, imported in the Sisters, Gemmill, from Glasgow -
consisting of Best Saddles, at three joes each; inferior ditto, from f 44 to f 55; Double and
Snaffle Bridles, Spring Girths and Jockey Whips; Spare Heads and Reins, Stirrup
Leathers and Cruppers, proportionably reasonable.
August 3. Heneage Williams.
Persons holding Licences to cut Timber on Government-Lands in the Colonies of
Demerary and Essequebo, are hereby ordered to exhibit such Licences at the
Government-Secretary's Office, within one month from this date, for the purpose
of having them examined, or renewed if His Excellency judges proper; and all
Licences not produced within the time above-mentioned, will be null and void.
House, George-Town, August 4, 1812.
SECRETARY's OFFICE, [heading]
is to inform the
that the following Persons intend quitting this Colony;-
het Secretary deezer Colonie word geadverteerd
de volgende Persoonen
voorneemens zyn van hier
elders te vertrekken, viz;
and Mrs. Arnold, and two children, with one servant, in 14 days or 6 weeks,
from July 7.
Rebecca Frye, in 14 days or 6 weeks 17.
B. Cleton, in do. . . . 20.
Niel, in do. . . . 20.
C. H. Kuster, with 12 Slaves, names to be seen at this Office, in do. 21.
Woolford, in do. . . . 22.
Backer, with negro boy Favourite, in 14 days, . . . 24.
De Lisle, in 14 days or six weeks, Aug. 1.
Office, Demerary, August 1, 1812.
the request of J. A. Kihing, by his Attorney, Robert Powell Conway, notice is
hereby given, that the former will pass a deed of security in favour of the
Widow G. Egeling on the half-concession or water-lot No. 2, situated in Werk en
Rust. All persons who may have any opposition against said security being
passed, will give in the same, on or before the 8th of September next, to
Robert Powell Conway.
3. Sworn Clerk.
Tuesday the 11th of August, will be exposed for sale at public auction, at the
Vendue Office, by order of Mr. J. Molyneaux, Executor to W. King deceased -
Household furniture, wearing apparel, jewelery, gold-smiths' tools, two goats,
a parrot. Also three slaves, a woman named Molly, and two children, Hester,
4. Robert Kingston.
Monday the 5th of October, 1812, will be sold, by Order of Gilbert Robertson,
acting executor to the Will of Thomas Warricker, deceased, in compliance with
the tenor of the said Will - The Cotton Plantation Bristol, situated on the
north side of the Mahaica canal, consisting of 130 acres of land (more or less)
planted with full bearing cotton trees, in the best order, together with 42
prime negroes, cotton logie, gin house, dwelling house, store, stable, punt,
&c. The buildings are nearly as good as new, having been very lately
repaired, at a considerable expence.
favourable situation and productive powers of the lands bounded by the Mahaica
canal are too well known to require any comment.
plantation and negroes can at any time be seen ppby alying [sic] to the
Manager, and terms will be made known on the day of sale.
7. Robert Kingston.
note: this Vendue appears first in 18120407EDRG and again in 18120627EDR.]
last night, His Majesty's Brig-of-War Swaggerer, from the Saints. She is, we
understand, on a cruise of the British Possessions in these Seas, with
Duplicates of the Dispatches already received by His Excellency our
Acting-Governor, on the subject of the American War, and which he has already
acted upon with his accustomed energy and wisdom.
this life, after a short illness, on Monday last, Mr. Alexander Scott,
watch-maker, of this Colony.
civil war still continues between Montevideo and Buenos Ayres, the former being
supported by 7000 Portuguese, and the latter having to oppose to them an army
of 13,000 men. A ship lately arrived at Buenos Ayres from the United States,
with artillery, arms, and ammunition of every kind. The English, contrary to
the former practice are treated with coldness, and doubts appear to be
entertained if such a contribution will not be levied on their property, and
even if it will not be exposed to confiscation.
OF A LETTER. [heading]
Cavello, May 20, 1812.
few days after the receipt of your favour a dreadful occurrence took place in
this province, than which history furnishes a few of a more terrific nature -
by this time, I doubt not, you have received such accounts of it as may have
been communicated through the Gazettes, but as it may not be unacceptable to
have some detail of that terrible event from one who was on the spot, and an
eyewitness to the destruction and horror of that fatal day, I shall proceed to
give you some particulars: - A few minutes past four in the afternoon of the
26th March, the earth began to move with rather a slight motion; a heavy
heaving and violent horizontal and oscillating motion succeeded; and perhaps
towards the end of the shock, the movement, from the circumstance of the earth
having opened in many places, must have been perpendicular: such was the force,
however, of the concussion, that in probably less than half a minute, every
house in Laguira, with the exception of only three or four, was either levelled
to the ground, partially demolished, or so rent and thrown from its equipoise,
as to render approach dangerous in the extreme. When I got out of the house, I
observed the atmosphere violently agitated; the clouds on the tops of the mountains,
dark and perturbed, added to the horror of the scene below; and I fixed my
regard on the summits of the surrounding hills, in trembling expectation of
seeing a volcano break out and destroy the wretched survivors with its flaming
entrails - this happily, however, did not take place. To go through the whole
particulars of the calamitous day, would be tedious for any who have had all my
correspondents to write to, and to you it might afford but little
entertainment; suffice it then to say, that one half of the inhabitants of
Laguira, (and I am persuaded there is no exaggeration in saying one half) was
precipitated into eternity, or more or less wounded on this dreadful occasion.
Caracas experienced nearly a similar fate; but, as the streets were wide, the
number that perished was not proportionably great; - of about 5000 houses, and
20 to 30 churches and public edifices, not one now stands entire. St. Felipe,
a town about 40 miles in the interior, has suffered equally with Laguira; and
Banguitinetto, situated still further inland, is said to have been almost
completely swallowed up with its devoted inhabitants. When the shock took
place, I was at table with Mr. Watson and Mr. Glen, in the house I was
repairing when you were in Laguira, opposite the Guard-house, near the commene
[sic]. We had not time to rise from table before the guard-house was down en
masse, and buried under its ruins 55 or 60 persons. The next thing that came
to the ground was my terraster and gallery down below, which covered their fall
the bodies of two servants who attempted to escape by the front gate - we
fortunately took to the interior yard; and the three who were at dinner, my
housekeeper, and one servant, came out of the house, or among the ruins, alive
- the only injury that happened was to Mr. Glen, who got severely wounded on
the head by the falling of a beam. The house you, Sir Gregor, &c. went to
on your arrival, came down in toto and killed every soul in it except the old
Tavernkeeper and two servants; it was in this house that the Englishman and the
only American (though heretics), on this occasion lost their lives. That but
two persons whose mother tongue was English, should have perished, is a
circumstance worthy of remark, when we consider that the number of victims to
this subterraneous conflict, on the most moderate computation amounts to 20,000
souls; in this calculation I comprehend the whole of Venezuela. The enemies to
the independence of this country have not neglected to take advantage of this
calamitous moment to invade the province and are adding to the devastation of
nature the destruction and ravage of insidious man. - General Miranda has
assembled a corps of 600 chosen men, and there is every reasonable inducement
to believe, that two or three weeks will suffice to rid the province of these
BILL FOR THE PROTECTION, RECOVERY, AND INDEM- [heading]
OF AMERICAN SEAMEN. [heading]
in our last) [heading]
by the treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, made between His Britannic
Majesty and the United States, at London, on the 19th day of November, 1794, it
is agreed that there shall be a firm, inviolable, and universal peace, and a
true and sincere friendship between His Britannic Majesty, his heirs and
successors, and the United States of America, and between our respective
countries, territories, towns, and people of ever degree, without the exception
of persons or places. And whereas His Britannic Majesty has caused to be impressed
out of the ships of the United States, sailing on the high seas under the
American flag, divers liege Citizens of said States, and hath compeled them to
serve on board the ships of war of Great Britain, and to fight against the
United States, and numbers of them yet detained contrary to express provisions
of said treaty, and in violation of their natural liberty, and against the
peace of the United States.
it therefore enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives of America, in
Congress assembled, That from and after the 4th day of June next, any person or
persons who shall impress any native seaman of the United States, sailing on
the high seas, or in any port, river, haven, basin, or bay, under pretence or
colour of a commission from any foreign power, shall for every such offence, be
adjudged a pirate and felon, and on conviction, suffer death; and the trial in
such case shall be had where the offender is apprehended or may be first
2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any seaman, sailing
under the flag of the United States, or any person or persons attempting to
impress him by force or violence from on board any vessel of the United States
on the high seas, or in any port, river, haven, basin, or bar [sic], to repel
by force; and if any person so attempting to impress, said seaman shall be
killed, maimed, or wounded, it shall be lawful for such seaman, on the general
issue, to give the special matter in evidence, which is hereby declared a
3. And be it further enacted, That on information being given to the President
of the United States, proving satisfactorily to him, that any citizen of the
United States shall have been impressed, to cause the most rigorous retaliation
on any of the subjects of said Government taken on the high seas, or within the
British territories, whom he is hereby authorised to case to be taken and
seized for that purpose, any treaty to the contrary notwithstanding.
4. And be it further enacted, That any seaman, heretofore or hereafter
impressed, shall be, and he is hereby authorised to attach, in the hands of any
British subject, or in the hand of any debtor of any British subject, a sum
equal to thirty dollars per month for the whole time he shall have been
detained on board any British vessel or vessels; and that any sum of money so
attached out of the hands of any debtor, shall be a payment of so much of said
debt to said creditor; and on plea of payment or set-off the same may be given
in evidence and allowed in any suit for the recovery of the said debt, any
treaty to the contrary notwithstanding.
5. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States is
hereby authorised to capture, by way of reprisal, as many British subjects, on
the high seas or within the British territories, as may be equal to the
impressed American seamen in the possession of Great Britain, and by a cartel
(or exchange the same).
6. And be it further enacted, That the President be, and he is hereby authorised,
whenever sufficient testimony shall be produced that the commander of any
public armed vessel of any foreign nation shall have taken or impressed from on
board any ship or other vessel of the United States, while at any port or while
on her passage to or from any port or place, any seaman, mariner, or other
person not being in the military service of an enemy of such foreign nation, to
prohibit by proclamation, every person residing within the United States, or
its territory, from affording aid, succour, or provisions, of whatsoever kind,
to such ship or vessel; and any pilot or other person, residing within the
United States, who shall, after such prohibition shall have been made known,
(and before the same shall be revoked) afford aid, succour, or provisions, as
aforesaid, to such ship or vessel, and be therefore convicted, shall be
sentenced to be imprisoned not exceeding one year, and fined not exceeding one
7. And be it further enacted, that from and after the 4th of June next,
whenever full and sufficient testimony shall be produced, that the commanders
of public armed vessels of any foreign nation, have impressed or taken from on
board any ship or vessel within the jurisdiction of the United States, or while
on her passage to or from any port or place, any seaman, mariner, or other
person, the President shall be, and he hereby is authorised to prohibit, by
proclamation, the landing from on board any ship or other vessel of the foreign
nation, whose commander or commanders have offended as aforesaid) [sic - no
preceding left parenthesis] any goods, wares, or merchandize within any of the
ports of the United States, or the territories of the United States, provided,
hat nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent any ship or vessel
of the nation whose commander or commanders have offended as aforesaid, and
which shall arrive within any of the ports of the United States or its
territories, to remain with their cargoes on board or to proceed to any place
without the jurisdiction of the United States. And provided also, that any
ship or vessel of such nation (which may have been partly laden at the time
such proclamation shall be made known) shall be permitted to depart with the
lading then on board, to the port or destination of such ship or vessel.
ship icon - heading]
Coppered & Armed Ship Proselyte, [heading]
Barton, Master, [heading]
sail from hence on the 13th of August. For Freight or Passage apply to the
Master, or to
Dyett, M'Garel, & Co.
note: no 'posting' date for this advertisement]
Printed & published every Tuesday & Saturday Afternoon,
By Edward James Henery.