Essequebo and Demerary Royal Gazette 1812 October 27

Vol. VII.]


[No. 522.


FOR SALE OR HIRE, [heading]
THE UNION COFFEE HOUSE; with or without Furniture. For further particulars apply to Mr. Thomas Marsh, Mr. Robert Marshall, in Demerary, or
Berbice, October 23. J. BINNING.

N. Winandy and Co. have removed their Store to the house formerly occupied by R. D. Jeffers, Esqr. next to M. Downie, Attorney-at-Law, Front-street, Werk & Rust; and have for sale, cheap for Cash only:
Elegant glass-ware - consisting of very neat double flint cut desert and salad dishes, salt cellers, decanters, goblets, tumblers, wine glasses, square bottles, vinegar and liquor stands: - [illegible]earthen wares, beads, creme de noyau and d'anise [illegible], very fine ready-made linen shirts with ruffles [illegible] pocket-handkerchiefs, assorted long-lawns, cotton thread, Madras handkerchiefs, corded dimity, India jean, furniture chintz, iron, tin and copper tacks, small padlocks for trummols, writing desk ditto, &c.
October 26.

                  Demerary, October 27, 1812.
AN OVERSEER wanted on a Sugar-State [sic]. A native of Holland will be prefered [sic].
T. Quiding.

BROUGHT to the Colony-Jail, on the 21st instant, a BLACK HORSE; and which if not claimed in fourteen days from this date, will be sold at public vendue, to defray the expences.
Demerary, October 27. S. Jacobs, Cipier.


BY authority duly obtained from His Excellency the Acting-Governor, I, the undersigned Acting Deputy First Marshal, will expose for sale, unto the highest bidder, in the presence of Two Counsellors Commissaries of the Honourable Court of Justice, and their Secretary, at the Court-House in George-Town, on Tuesday the 3d of November next ensuing - in behalf of A. Carron and Co. versus Samuel Phippen, - a Negro-man, named Frank.
Any person or persons having right, claim, or interest on the above-named Negroe [sic], and wishes to oppose the sale thereof, let such person or persons address themselves to me, the Acting Deputy First Marshal, stating their reasons of opposition in writing, I will appoint him or them a day of hearing before the Honourable Court of Justice for the trial of the same; and those inclined to speculate, please attend the sale on the day and at the place before-written.
Demerary, October 26, 1812.
B. Teyssen, Jun.
Acting Deputy First Marshal

JOHN WADDLE, Esqr. having been elected a Member of the Honourable Court of Policy, and sworn-in this day, notice is hereby given accordingly.
Court-House, George-Town, October 26, 1812.
Clerk to the Court of Policy.


This is to inform the
Public, that the following Persons intend quitting this Colony;-

Van het Secretary deezer Colonie word geadverteerd
dat de volgende Persoonen
von voorneemens zyn van hier
na elders te vertrekken, viz;

Miss Mary Ann Shepherd, in do. or by the First Packet . . . . Oct. 1.
Alexander McRae, in 14 days or 6 weeks, . . . 6.
Archibald Iver, in 14 days, . . . . . 9.
W. Reynolds, in 14 days or 6 weeks, . . . . 16.
W. H. Iles and Servants, in 14 days or 6 weeks, 20.
Peter Inglis, and Servant, in ditto 21.
Secretary's Office, Demerary, October 24, 1812.
Charles Wilday,
Sworn Clerk.


On Monday the 2d of November, by Order of Chorley and Cook, on the premises - The Half Lot of Land, with all the Buildings thereon; in the district of Stabroek, formerly occupied by Messrs. Ridley and Dodson, and subsequently by Messrs. Heywood and Taylor. Terms of payment, 3, 6, and 9 months.
October 27. Robert Kingston.

On Wednesday the 4th of November, at the Store of Mr. T. Shute - numerous articles, as per his advertisement of the 10th instant, and about 200 dozen Madeira Wine of different qualities.
October 26. Robert Kingston.

On Tuesday the 1st of December, at the Vendue Office - the remains of a consignment of negro-cloathing, consisting of jackets and wrappers; which will be sold for whatever may be offered for them, to close sales.
October 27. Robert Kingston.

From what appears this day, in the last page, we congratulate our fellow-colonists, and the West-India public in general, that the present state of the colonies, in every point of view, is about to be laid before the Parliament and People of England; and that too, by a Gentleman, every way capable, from talents and local knowledge of doing justice to a subject, which has hitherto been either incorrectly represented, or wilfully mistaken: - and, we confidently hope, that, as JUSTICE has been either done or promised, in late times, to all classes of British subjects at home, who have brought forward their grievances; the same will be extended to those abroad. Indeed, in regard to JUSTICE, the People of England, owe much to the Inhabitants of the Western-world; for while the latter, by their "noble daring" of tropic dangers and foreign vicissitudes, and by their incessant industry, not only prevent, by augmenting the Revenue of the Crown, a greater increase of taxation - but considerably contribute, in other respects, to their individual comfort and welfare; the former have only repaid them with - detraction!
But let that rest; calumny will be no more! for the Representatives of the Nation will be just - will correct the errors of their Constituents - and the Wrongs of the West will be redressed.

Arrivals since our last - The Schooner Good Intent, Bowen; the Joseph, Strickland; the Fame, Greenidge; and the Mahaicony, Banks - from Barbados. Also a vessel from Berbice.

The Barbados Papers, by these vessels, are to the 20th instant; and, although still without any intelligence from Europe, (if we except the statement respecting the Siege of Cadiz), their columns are deeply interesting, in consequence of the receipt there, of American Papers, announcing two important events. The one however (as the Editor of the Mercury justly observe) not immediately expected; the other, never! - The first relates to the surrender of General Hull, and the subsequent cession of the whole of the Michigan territory to His Britannic Majesty; - and the other announces the capture of the Guerriere frigate of 38 guns, by the United States' ship of war Constitution, rated 44 guns but carrying 55 of large calibre - which unfortunate occurrence took place on the 30th August. The particulars however, will be found below - but the reader must not forget that it is the narrative of an enemy.

Great public rejoicing appears to have taken place at Baltimore, in consequence of this glorious victory of a superior over a considerably inferior force!

LOCALITIES. [heading]

His Excellency, with his accustomed urbanity and magnificence, entertained yesterday, a large party of Persons of Distinction, at the King's House.

The Honourable Court of Justice adjourned on Saturday last, to Wednesday the 4th of November.

John Waddle, Esqr. is become a Member of the Hon. Court of Policy.

The Diana Packet, late from this River, left Barbados for England, on the 19th instant.

The Schooner Phoenix, Capt. M'Aulay, cleared for Barbados yesterday.

The Custom House-Officers of Surinam, have , with a degree of liberality highly creditable, late notified, that "vessels laden with provisions only, for the relief of the Inhabitants of Barbados, will be cleared free of Custom House charges, so long as a scarcity prevails in that Island."

In the Theatre Royal Barbados, the Officers of the Garrison of St. Ann's, were to perform the play of Pizarro, and the farce of the Mayor of Garratt, on the 15th instant, for the benefit of the Poor; and on the 19th, a select party of Young Gentlemen of Bridge Town, was to perform the tragedy of the Royal Convert, and the after-piece of The Lyar - for a similar humane and laudable purpose.

BARBADOS. [heading]

Bridge-Town, October 20. - Mail-boat Louisa Berkeley, which arrived yesterday, had been captured off Martinique by the Benjamin Franklin privateer schooner of 12 guns and 90 men, but was afterwards ransomed for 700 dollars. The enemy had previously cut out of Trinite, a sloop laden with sugar, which being taken out, the vessel was destroyed.

The schooner Chapman, arrived yesterday from Berbice, was boarded on the preceding day to windward, after she had descried land, by the American privateer Orders in Council, a remarkably large schooner, carrying 16 guns and 130 men, and was plundered of 6000 weight of yams and 300 bunches of plantains; some trunks were also broken open, in which several letters, and those supposed to be of consequence were destroyed. The Commander of the privateer informed, that the Essex United States' frigate, 32 guns, had taken the Alert British sloop of war, of 16 guns, after a very obstinate engagement; and he also averred the truth of the capture of the Guerriere. He was so extremely sanguine of the state of discipline and good conduct of his crew, as to threaten the safety of any brig of war on this station, should he be compelled to defend his vessel in action with one; - but as she is described to be a swift sailer, there is not much probability of her being overtaken. - The Chapman was given up, as she was not worth sending to America.

Schooner Eagle, of one gun and 45 men, captured on the 16th of August last, after an action of four hours and thirty minutes, the ship Grenada, from Grenada bound to London with a cargo of 600 hogsheads of sugar, some coffee, &c.; also a schooner from Porto Rico, Guadeloupe, laden with molasses, the master of which was killed. - These vessels were sent to Charleston.

NORTH AMERICA. [heading]

AND GUERRIERE. [heading]

                  United States' frigate Constitution,
                  Off Boston Light, Aug. 30, 1812.
Sir - I have the honour to inform you, on the 19th instant at 2 P.M. being in lat. 41. 42 and long. 55 48 with the Constitution under my command, a sail was discovered from the mast-head, bearing E. by S. or E.S.E. but at such a distance we could not tell what she was. All sail was instantly made in chace, and soon found we came up with her. At three P.M. could plainly see that she was a ship on the starboard tack, under easy sail, close on a wind; at half-past three P.M. made her out to be a frigate; continued the chase until we were within about three miles; when I ordered the light sails to be taken in, the courses hauled up, and the ship cleared for action. At this time the chase had backed his main top sail waiting for us to come down. - As soon as the Constitution was ready for action, I bore down with an intention to bring them to close action immediately; but on our coming within gun shot, she gave us a broadside and filled [sic] away, and wore, giving us a broadside on the other tack, but without effect, her shot falling short. She continued wearing and manoevring for about three quarters of an hour to get a raking position; but finding she could not, she bore up and run under her topsail and gib, with the wind on the quarter. I immediately made sail to bring the ship up with her, and five minutes before six P.M. being alongside within half pistol-shot, we commenced a heavy fire from all our guns, double-shotted with round and grape; and so well directed were they, and so warmly kept up, that in 14 minutes his mizen mast went by the board and his main yard in the slings, and the hull, rigging, and sails, very much torn to pieces. The fire was kept up with equal warmth for 15 minutes longer, when his main-mast and fore mast went, taking with them every spar, excepting the bowsprit; - on seeing this we ceased firing; so that, in thirty minutes after we got fairly alongside the enemy, she surrendered, and had not a spar standing; and her hull below and above water so shattered, that a few more broadsides must have carried her down.
After informing you that so fine a ship as the Guerriere, commanded by an able and experienced Officer, had been totally dismasted, and otherwise cut to pieces so as to make her not worth towing into port, in the short space of thirty minutes, you can have no doubt of the gallantry and good conduct of the Officers and ship's company I have the honour to command; it only remains, therefore, for me to assure you, that they all fought with great bravery.
I have the honour to be, with very great respect, Sir, your obedient servant,
Isaac Hull.
The Hon. Paul Hamilton, &c.

Boston, Sept. 3 - Capt. Dacres, of the Guerriere, landed on Monday on parole, and resides in town, the other Officers of that ship are to be paroled in Concord.


House of Commons - July 20. [heading]

Mr. Jackson (of Southampton) - "I rise, Mr. Speaker in consequence of the notice I gave of my intention this day to move for certain papers relative to West India concerns. Sir, it is not my intention at this late period of the Session to bring before the House the general conduct exercised by this country towards her West India Colonies, although few persons have suffered more by the impolitic system that has been pursued for many years than I have, and no one can more deprecate and lament the continuance of it; convinced as I am, that if some speedy and efficacious means are not taken to relieve the present distresses of the West India Proprietors, inevitable ruin and bankruptcy must ensue to them, and the consequences will be a very considerable diminution if not the total loss, must take place of a very large revenue now derived by the Mother Country from the West India Colonies. This, I assure the House, is not a fictitious or an exaggerated statement of the situation of the Colonies, and to prove it, I will briefly refer to the various reports presented to the House by their Committees, commencing with the one of July, 1807. They herein state, "that unless some speedy and effectual measures are adopted, the ruin of a great number of the Planters and others depending on properties in these Islands, must inevitably ensue." The reports also of 13th April, 10th May, and 24th June, 1808, all reiterate of the same sentiments, but in much stronger and more forcible language. After pressing upon the House, the distressed situation of the Colonies, they go on to state "the severe loss that must be felt by the Empire at large, and in no part more than the landed interest of the country, if some efficient remedy should not be found for the relief of the Colonies from the distressed situation in which they are. When (say they) it is recollected that this country derives from her colonies a net revenue of 3,000.000 annually from the duty of Sugar alone; and more than one half as much more from her import of Rum, Coffee, Cocoa, and Cotton, and that these Colonies take off manufactures from this country of upwards of 6,000,000 sterling; to which the consideration must be added the shipping they employ, and the sailors bred to the trade, and that were the restriction taken off that now impede the export of corn, they would import to the great advantage of the British Agriculturist, a great proportion of what they now procure from foreign places;" and in closing a very voluminous report' they state, "they cannot do so without observing, that nothing has occurred since their appointment which has opened any improvement in the situation of the West India body, and therefore they cannot forbear to press upon the consideration of the House, the several reports which have been before laid upon the table." When, Sir, it be considered, that upwards of four years have elapsed since the last of these reports, and nothing has yet been done for the relief of the West India Colonies, is it at all to be wondered at that distress, even exceeding the anticipations of the Committee of July, 1807, has actually take place? and sorry I am to say, this is really the case, for from information I have received from the Island of Jamaica, and from the knowledge I have of the whole of the smaller Islands, I can state, without the fear of being contradicted, that in the last five years, more foreclosures of mortgages have taken place, more estates have been taken from the original proprietors, than was the case for the antecedent fifty years; and the prices of the commodities sent from these Colonies have been so very low, as not actually to do more than repay the manufacturers for the expences they have incurred in making it, and the very great expences of its imports into this country, whither they are obliged to send it. This enlarged view of the question, I should, however, wish to leave to the serious, and I move the early consideration of His Majesty's Ministers during the recess; but should they neglect so to do, I shall feel it a duty incumbent on me to bring before the House, at a very early period of the ensuing Sessions, the various difficulties and distresses under which the whole of the West Indies are suffering; and I hope and trust I shall be prepared to bring forward some such propositions, which, if entertained by this House and acted upon by His Majesty's Ministers, will serve much more essentially to benefit the West India Proprietors than any thing which has been adopted for very many years past - Sir, the immediate object I have in view, will be to rescue the West India Proprietor, or as he is more generally though improperly termed, the West India Planter, from those vile aspersions, those imputations of cruelty and inhumanity which have been so unjustly thrown out against him. That we have some bad subjects, some infamous characters among them, no one will deny; but what I mean to assert is, that take them in the aggregate, take them as a body, as a class of persons, there is not one more honourable, more respectable, or who possess more real philanthropy in the whole of His Majesty's dominions. Sir, I mean by analogy to prove, that it is not because you have found such villains, such inhuman monsters as a Williams, and others his associates, who at the commencement of the present year struck such universal terror and consternation throughout the whole of this metropolis, by their horrible murders; it is not because in every county in England, nay, Sir, in every Sessions in the different counties you have persons under criminal condemnation for cruelty and barbarity; it is not because we have so recently witnessed, even at the very doors of your own House, one of the most base and atrocious acts that ever disgraced this or any other civililised [sic] nation, in the assassination of one of the greatest and best of men: a man whose private virtue has endeared him to the memory of every one of us, whose public character, whose public merit, no eulogium of mine can do half the justice to, as the consideration of the situation in which his loss left this country for many weeks; a loss we so daily and hourly deplore: and that this was perpetrated by a cold blooded, indignant hand of an Englishman: there are no reasons, Sir, that were I called upon to designate the general character of the British nation, I should say that cruelty or inhumanity were the prominent, the characteristic features of it, any more than that because we have found such inhuman sanguinary monsters as a Hodge and a Higgins amongst them, that the whole of the West India Proprietors should be inculpated in their guilt. I shall not content myself in barely stating, that the characteristic of the West Indian is not that of cruelty and inhumanity; but I shall assert that they are possessed of honour, of liberality, and of great humanity. Many of them, and those of the most opulent, have gone hand in hand with an Hon. Gentleman whom I do not now see in his place (I mean the Member for Yorkshire); who by his philanthropy, his exertions, and his perseverance, as being the successful champion in doing away an infamous traffic that had too long disgraced this nation, has immortalized his memory. The different Legislatures of the Islands have adopted the various propositions you have made them for the amelioration of the conditions of the negroes, and I am authorised to say, they are ready and willing to adopt any other suggestions, any other propositions you can make to them, that have this desirable object in view. Sir, the papers I shall move for will enable me, in a great measure, to refute certain charges brought by an Honourable Friend of mine against the community over which he presides. I mean in a letter written by Governor Elliot to a Noble Lord then at the head of the Colonial Department - a letter as impolitic as it has been injurious, and not more imprudent than the charges are unjust and untrue. In this letter Governor Elliot states, that the community over which he presides is composed of self-created Lawyers, self-educated Physicians, and Merchants without capital or credit: now, Sir, the public papers which I shall move for will evidently shew that Governor Elliot never could have conceived the persons he was thus addressing were composed of such materials, and other private letters written by him precisely at the same period in which his public letter was written state, that he had there met with a great many men of very superior abilities, men of mental endowment, and of such suavity of manners, as that he could with pleasure pass the residue of his life among them. - When we see, Sir, such contradictions from the pen of an man, particularly from such a man as Governor Elliot was known to be, what have we but to surmise - and I fear, I shall have in common with his other friends to lament - that the intense heat of a tropical sun has greatly affected that bright understanding, those brilliant abilities, that Governor Elliot was known formerly to have possessed. It is to do away those reflections, as far as they relate to one Island in particular - and I do not except this Island from any idea that the reflections are at all just or deserved by other Islands - but, Sir, having been acquainted with the inhabitants of the Island of Antigua for 25 years, during which period I have visited the Island six or seven different times, with the intervention of four or five years between each visit, I can in contradiction to Governor Elliot say, I do not really think, were you to take the same extent of country in any part of this kingdom, you would find a greater number of men (resident I mean) who possess more erudition, more literature, or of greater respectability of character. Sir, to particularise might be deemed invidious; but I might commence with the worthy President of the Island, whose abilities were confessedly superior fifty years ago, and who has passed the whole of this period in an active and studious life, now, at nearly the age of eighty, he is possessed of all his faculties, and still continues, as I hope he long will, an ornament to that society. Besides him, I might enumerate a long list of the Atholls, the Warners, the Ottleys, the Elliots, the Gunthorpes, the Harmans, the Horsfords, and a variety of others, all of whom have passed a regular classic education in this country, and have been at one or other of the Universities - they are men of such literature, of such abilities, that even in the most learned, the most opulent societies in this country, they would shed a lustre around themselves. Sir, even Governor Elliott condescends to speak of the respectability of my friend, the Solicitor General, Mr. Horsford, and does but justice to his talents; bet, besides him, there are many others who possess abilities that would not disgrace the Courts of Westminster; but I should speak with much diffidence of the Bar there in the presence of an Hon. Friend of mine, the Member for Hayden, who with as much credit and celebrity to himself as with honour and respectability to the Colony, practised there for many years; I therefore can speak with more certainty as to the merit of those who were his contemporaries at that Bar. - There are several medical Gentlemen in that Island who have had a classical or medical education in this country, and who have carried out their regular diplomas, authorising them legally to kill as many of His Majesty's subject as they please. I have the pleasure, Sir, of being acquainted with many of the commercial men of that Island who I know are carrying on a large mercantile traffic, not only with the whole of the American States, and with our own American Settlements, but also with the whole of the Archipelago of Islands; and from this country they get out assorted cargoes of from 10,000 to 30,000 annually for the consumption of the Colony; and will have an unlimited credit, and the confidence of some of the most opulent mercantile men in this country. That there are some pettifogging Attorneys, who have settled among them; that there may be some Doctors, or rather Farriers, who can bleed and draw teeth, perform certain operations upon the pigs and poultry, and shoe your horse if you please; that there are some retail merchants, some hucksters, who live on the credit, and traffic on the capital of the more opulent merchants, I doubt not; but is this not the case with every country town, every village in England? What I find fault with Governor Elliot is, that he should have attempted to insinuate to His Majesty's Ministers, that the Councils and Assemblies, the Judges, the Grand and Petty Juries of the Colonies are composed of this last, this heterogeneous class of persons, than which nothing can be more unjust, more untrue. Sir, I will not detain the House longer and I hope they will grant me their excuse for the time I have: but my wish was to do away the sensations I feel as a West Indian, in having suffered under the injustice of Governor Elliot's statements; and I shall now move, 'That the speech and address of Governor Elliot to the Council and Assembly of the Island of Antigua, and his speech and address to the Island of St. Christopher, on his going thither, together with their respective answers, be laid upon your table; as also the address of the Legislature of the Island of St. Christopher, to my Lord Liverpool, in answer to the letter written by Governor Elliot to him on the 21st of November, 1810.' With these papers on your table, I shall certainly make a motion early in the next year, although it is not my intention to ground any motion upon them this session."
Lord Castlereagh was not surprised that the Hon. Member should feel considerable pain upon this subject, but contended that a much stronger construction had been put upon Governor Elliott's letter than it at all warranted. He willingly admitted that there were many high and enlightened characters, who were the ornaments of the West Indies; but hoped that, as the papers move for the Hon. Gentlemen could not be proceeded and acted upon by Parliament this Session, he would merely consider himself as giving a notice of what it was his intention to bring under the consideration of the House in the next Session of Parliament.
Mr. Browne expressed great anxiety to afford to the Colonies an opportunity of repelling the charges which had been preferred against them; and maintained that Governor Elliot had acted with an inconsistency which, if it did not wholly disqualify him from the high situation which he held, was at least calculated to shake the foundation of his authority.
Mr. Stephen admitted that there were many individuals of high worth in the Leward [sic] Islands, but denied that the character given by Governor Elliot, of the general state of society there, was groundless. As instances of the justice of this opinion, he referred to the acquittal of Higgins, at Nevis; the prosecution and conviction of a printer at St. Kitt's, for publishing the Resolutions of the Assembly of Nevis, relative to Higgins, and the necessity which the Governor was under of enforcing martial law, in order to prevent the rescue from capital punishment of a wretch who had been convicted of murdering a multitude of his slaves, whipping some to death, and pouring boiling water down the throats of others.
Mr. Browne, in explanation, denied that the majority of whites were averse to the execution of the individual just alluded to by the Hon. and Learned Gentleman.
Mr. Jackson, in explanation, stated, that he had been in the Island since the execution of Hodge, and that so far from finding any disposition to favour him, he was informed from the most respectable quarters, that if Governor Elliot was disposed to remit his punishment, the people would have taken the law into their own hands, and torn the culprit to pieces. With respect to Mr. Higgins, the fact was, that the circumstances were such as the prevent his conviction in point of law; and as far as the disposition of the people was concerned, he could inform the House, that no individual in the island spoke to him.
Mr. Stephen explained.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer expressed a hope that the Hon. Gentleman would not press his motion to a division in so thin a state of the House, but would allow it to lie over to another Session. - He regretted that such papers should have been laid before the public, but was sure that the Hon. Gentleman took the expression in a much more extensive sense than that in which they were used. It should also be recollected, that the papers moved for were speeches, delivered on his first arrival in the Island, and were therefore to be considered rather as effusions of compliment than of observation.
[Transcriber's note: the persons in the above article are not in the People indexes]

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