ESSEQUEBO [Colophon] & DEMERARY
ROYAL [Colophon] GAZETTE.
NOVEMBER 24, 1812.
THE Honourable Joseph Beete, having this day been re-elected a
Member of the Honourable Court of Policy of this Colony; took the Oath, and his
King's House, George-Town, Demerary, Nov. 23, 1812.
Clerk of the Court of Policy.
FOR SALE, [heading]
At the Store of Mr. Finlayson, [heading]
Salt, Tobacco, and Cordage.
ABSCONDED from the Subscriber, a yellow-skinned Boy, named Cherry,
about eighteen years of age, formerly the property of Messrs. Cornfoot and
Bell. Whoever will deliver him to the Subscriber, or to Mr. R. Robertson,
shall receive the usual reward.
N.B. The above slave has been seen frequently in the Town selling
fish, &c. and is therefore supposed to be harboured by some white person in
town. - Nov. 23.
THE Subscribers and other Friends of the Dissenters' Chapel, are
respectfully informed that a Meeting will be held at the place, on Monday
evening (Nov. 30.) for the purpose of appointing a Committee, and for
ascertaining the number of pews required; therefore all who wish to have pews
are requested to be present. The Meeting commences at 6 o'clock.
Charles-Town, Nov. 24. John Davies,
LOST, supposed to be Stolen, a very fine GOAT, far advanced with
young. She has a few black spots about here head, but her body is entirely
white, and her hair long. A liberal reward will be given to the person who
returns the same.
Wanted to Purchase - TWO BOYS, about twelve years of age.
Nov. 24. Apply at the Printing Office.
FOUND - a four-oared CANOE, made of colony-wood, 23 feet long, and
4 feet 7 inches wide. It is not painted. The owner may have it restored, on
paying the expences, by applying at Plantation Leonora, West Sea Coast. Nov.
FOR SALE, [heading]
The following Musical Appurtenances, [heading]
Imported by the Thomas: [heading]
Compleat Sets of Grand and Small Piano Forte Strings,
Violin Strings, 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th.
Bound Books, Music Paper 10 and 12 staves each.
An Assortment of Lessons by Pleyel, Hook, &c. &c.
Overtures of Loddiska, Battle of Prague, &c.
Nov. 24 James Aikin
MARSHALS' OFFICE. [heading]
BY authority duly obtained, from His Excellency the Governor, I,
the undersigned Acting Deputy First Marshal, will expose for sale unto the
highest bidder, in presence of two Counsellors-Commissaries of the Honourable
Court of Justice, and their Secretary, at the Court-House, in George-Town, on
Tuesday the Eighth of December next ensuing - in behalf of the Heirs of H. W.
Knolman, deceased, versus J. H. H. Touson, nom. ux. the following Negroes -
Deliana, Christina, Dirce, Werther, Rosa, Paniva, Servius, Doris, Concurrent,
Ben, Amour, Felix, and Europa.
Any person or persons having right, claim, or interest on the
above-named Negroes, and wishes to oppose the sale thereof, let such person or
persons address themselves to me, the Acting Deputy First Marshal, stating
their reasons of opposition in writing, I will appoint such opposer or opposers
a day of hearing before the Honourable Court of Justice for the trial of the
same; and those inclined to purchase, please attend the sale on the day and at
the place before-written.
Demerary, the 23d day of November, 1812.
B. Teyssen, Jun.
Acting Deputy First Marshal.
is to inform the
that the following Persons intend quitting this Colony;-
het Secretary deezer Colonie word geadverteerd
de volgende Persoonen
voorneemens zyn van hier
elders te vertrekken, viz;
W. Reynolds, in 14 days or 6 weeks, . . Oct. 16.
Samuel Procter, in 14 days, . . . from Nov. 10.
Secretary's Office, Demerary, November 14 [sic], 1812.
[Transcriber's note: this is the last issue which presents a
bilingual (English/Dutch) format for the 'quitting' notice.]
PUBLIC VENDUES. [heading]
[Transcriber's note: no new or modified vendues in this issue.]
arrival since Saturday. We have, therefore, from lately received London
Papers, made as judicious a selection as possible.
Departed this life on Friday evening last, C. N. Bollers, Esquire;
a gentleman universally respected. He was, last year, a Member of the
Honourable the Court of Justice of this Colony.
Died also, yesterday, Miss Elizabeth Rodgers, of this town.
DEMERARY, &c. [heading]
[image of a seal - lion and unicorn]
At a Meeting of the Hon. the Court of Policy, combined with the
Financial Representatives of the Inhabitants of the Colony aforesaid, held at
the Court-House in George-Town,
His Excellency Major-General H. L. Carmichael, [centered]
The Hon. F. P. Van Berckel, Fiscal. [centered]
The Honourable Members, [centered]
And the Financial Representatives, [centered]
Peter M'Garel, Esqrs.
Wednesday, Nov. 18, 1812, [centered]
(After Prayers.) [centered]
His Excellency the Acting Governor arose, and addressed the
Combined-Court as follows:
"This being the first meeting of the Combined Colleges,
composed of the Court of Policy and Board of Kiezers, in their capacity as
Financial Representatives, upon a new formation of the latter body - I think it
proper to state to you, that I received particular orders from His Royal
Highness the Prince Regent, which, to the best of my abilities, have been
carried into effect, as far as regards my executive authority.
"As discretionary power was at the same time vested in me, it
became the more indispensible minutely to consider and adopt such measures as
appeared most conducive to the public good, evidently the object of His Royal
Highness, and the spirit of the commands with which I was honoured.
"This confidence has been committed to me by my Sovereign,
and a high responsibility attached to it, with the arduous duties resulting
from a very material change in the ancient Colonial Government of Essequebo and
Demerary, by a junction and incorporation of the former into the latter, with
the abolition of its establishments.
"I conceived, in effecting this important change, which must
be attended with inconvenience to many individuals, that the most conciliating
means should be applied; and, in those sentiments, I am happy to say, I was
cordially supported by the Honourable Court of Policy.
"In the course of the various arrangements that ensued, much
matter developed itself, that appeared to gain strength in its progress, and
might ultimately prove prejudicial to the Constitution.
"This required a remedy, and I was enjoined immediately to
apply a corrective wherever abuse appeared. The first object of every good
Government is the impartial administration of justice. However honourable the
former members might have been, it appeared advisable, in the general change,
to have a new election; and, upon this occasion, eight gentlemen were selected,
of such respectability and general character for honour and integrity, as I
trust has since been fully proved by their decisions upon the bench.
"From certain concurrent circumstances, unnecessary at
present to revert to, I thought it proper to put in execution an original plan,
which temporary incidents induced me to defer - that of dissolving the Board of
Keizers, remaining from the former system of the separate Colonies, which did
not appear perfectly congenial to the one now existing.
"It therefore appeared to me the must judicious mode, was a
dissolution of the Keizers, and taking the general sense of the Freeholders,
and that the most unbiassed [sic] voice of the people should be resorted to, as
to their Representatives, by extending the right of suffrage to all persons
paying an income tax equivalent to the value of twenty-five negroes - and, in
another respect, confining the votes to gentlemen holding attorneyships, to
two, with their own personal vote.
"The Honourable Court of Policy unanimously coincided in this
opinion; and, doubtless, the most beneficial consequences will be derived by
the return of those Gentlemen now united in the present Council.
"Upon this occasion, an appropriate passage in a book written
by a Foreigner (De Lolme), impresses itself forcibly upon my recollection - He
compares the British Constitution to a pyramid, broad at the base, gradually
ascending, until terminating in the Crown: -
"The People chose the Parliament, from these were selected
the Nobles composing the House of Lords, and, as a key and check upon the
whole, was the King; who, in his high executive power and authority, took care
that the laws framed by the other branches of the Constitution should be
carried into effect, and that the general superstructure should remain perfect
and inviolate" -
"This, Gentlemen, is a subject upon which the greatest men,
and the first authorities of remote and modern times, have written; and I have
had an opportunity of being acquainted with the sentiments of some of the most
enlightened characters upon the Continent of Europe, native subjects of
Empires, Monarchies, and Republics, who all agreed that the British Governmont
[sic] was the most perfect that could be formed.
"In observing to you, Gentlemen, that this piece of
perfection gradually arose from the feudal system, fully and clearly described
in Sullivan's Lectures, I shall not further enter into so wide a field, than
the unshaken opinion, that the nearer any Government resembles in its system
that of the British, the more it will approximate the zenith of human wisdom.
"It may be, Gentlemen, that the rules and regulations with
the ancient system of the States General of Holland, have, in certain
instances, been broken, and the laws not entirely adhered to, where material
alterations were required. In this case, when part of the edifice needs
renewal, it should be replaced with materials assimulating as closely as
possible to those upon which it is founded, at the same time preserving in
constant view the ultimate object, the general good of the State [sic - no
"The Financial Representatives were first formed in the year
1795, during an interregnum and internal confusion. In this emergency, every
means were resorted to; and they were called on to assist in levying the taxes
and raising the necessary supplies. Since that, it has continued by custom,
without any known law.
"Having already adverted to the very necessary and beneficial
changes that have taken place by order of the Sovereign; and, as the ancient
colonial regulations, calculated for the times when first instituted, have
become nugatory or obsolete, particularly since the French Revolution, which
has caused convulsions in every civilized state: - and as the States General of
Holland no longer exist, but are subject at present to the most absolute empire
of an arbitrary individual; it does not appear, or can it be presumed, that the
early institutions of an infant settlement, or the temporary resources of the
moment of confusion in 1795, could properly apply to the present time - when
the world, from sad experience, perceives the absolute necessity of resisting
Napoleon's project of universal empire.
"The nature of the difficulties, Gentlemen, that intervened
from many local causes, required the most mature consideration, for the general
good of the inhabitants of the colony: divested of any partial prejudices.
"This induced me to exercise the executive authority, by a
dissolution of the Body of Kiezers for a new election; and in which the general
sense of the inhabitants has been fully evinced. And in this measure, which I
conceived indispensible, it was my wish to be guided, as near as possible, by
the Constitution of England; and to which I think it bears a strong analogy,
without any essential difference, in the legislative authorities.
"To you, Gentlemen, it is unnecessary for me to depict that
beautiful edifice; but as far as the case will admit, it will be advantageous
to pursue the model.
"Doubtless, Gentlemen, you will take into solemn and cool
deliberation, the novel circumstances under which you are convened; and may be
highly beneficial to the future interests of the Colony.
"As it has of late been usual for the Court of Policy and
Financiers, to arrange the taxes, and the manner of imposing them; you will
certainly, Gentlemen, observe strict justice and impartiality in your
decisions, where they are so essentially requisite.
"A considerable saving has been effected, by the reduction of
the establishment at Essequebo; from the enquiries now going on, with the zeal
and abilities of the Gentlemen upon the Committee it is certain that the former
expenditurs may be considerably diminished; at the same time there is no doubt,
every servant of the public will have a liberal and fair recompence for his
"There have been greivous complaints of the severe and heavy
fees in the different offices. By the Board now established, from the
different branches of the Legislature, the suffering individuals will meet
redress; and those matters placed upon an equitable arrangement.
"From the complicated nature of the public accounts, it
appeared to me proper to have a minute investigation of them, by a committee of
gentlemen in every respect qualified for so important an object.
"In the course of their investigation, part of the
expenditures could not be accounted for, in a satisfactory manner; and a
dificit [sic] to the amount of f 29,000 was
returned against the Acting Receiver of the King's Chest. It then became my
duty to remove him from that office.
"In the Colonial accounts under
investigation, there will possibly appear to have been defrayments that may be
dispensed with, and the public relieved.
"The numerous privateers off these coasts have occasioned
accidental disbursements, in fitting out at two different periods, vessels to
meet the enemy insulting and plundering the Colony; and which I lament to say
is still continued, at the same time have sanguine hopes they will be speedily
put a stop to.
The absence of a man of war appears to have been caused
principally by accident, and the sudden emergency of an American war. It has
not proceeded from any neglect on the part of the Admiral, Sir Francis Laforey.
In mentioning this subject, Gentlemen, I feel a peculiar gratification in
stating to you the distinguished conduct of the George-Town Militia, woh
volunteered and went out on two occasions, to meet the enemy; and the whole of
corps upon the coast have evinced their zeal and activity.
"You will now, Gentlemen, proceed to the faithful discharge
of that turst reposed by your Constituents, by a provident use of the Public
Funds, being careful in laying the taxes, that they do not bear partially upon
any class of inhabitants, and that the lightest impost may be placed upon those
least able to bear it and whose labour and industry should be encouraged."
His Excellency having concluded, the Combined-Court expressed its
warmest thanks for the foregoing communication; and on the motion, of His Honor
the Fiscal, His Excellency was requested to allow the same to be printed.
The Court then proceeded to the business of the day.
Clerk of the Court of Policy.
BRITISH INTELLIGENCE. [heading]
London, September 26. [heading]
Papers of a late date have been received from the United States,
and we are not surprised to find from them, that the repeal of the Orders in
Council, ample and unconditional as it was, has not satisfied the demagogues of
America. The American Government has now thrown off the mask even of
moderation, which its Members had assumed in their negociations with this
country, and has made a common cause with France in her attempt to subjugate
the world. The tone of the "National Intelligencer," the organ of
Mr. Madison's Government, previous to the arrival in America of the formal
repeal of the Orders in Council, was moderate if not pacific, but now that
Great Britain has receded from her high and commanding attitude as mistress of
the seas and dictator of the maritime law of nations, America, like an
ungrateful and malignant minion, turns upon her Benefactor, and demands still
further concessions. The creed of these new mushroom assertors of the rights of
nations is couched in the following language: "The Orders in Council of
the British Government are now no longer a question with the United States; the
question of Peace now requires only a proper and vigorous use of the ample
means which the Government is possessed of, to render it speedy, decisive, and
glorious. Peace, when it comes, must bring with it more than the confession of
British outrage by the retraction of its avowed tyranny; it is not a mere
cessation to do wrong that can now produce a Peace - wrongs must be redressed,
and a guarantee must be given in the face of the world for the restoration of
our enslaved citizens, and the respect due to our flag, which, like the soil we
inherit, must in future secure all that falls under it. The rights of neutrals
must be recognized, and the British, like the first tyrants of the Swiss, must
no longer expect a free people to bow down and worship the symbols of British
The Spartan frigate, according to a private letter from Pictou, of
August 21, had taken nine American privateers. The British Admiral at Halifax,
having nothing left in port but a small tender, put the crew of his barge and
three midshipmen on board, with one gun; they went in search of a privateer of
eight carriage guns and 36 men, which they captured.
Printed & published every Tuesday & Saturday Afternoon,
By Edward James Henery.