Essequebo and Demerary Royal Gazette 1813 March 06


Vol. VIII.]

[No. 560.


[seal - heading]
The King's House, [centered]
DEMERARY. [centered]

Militia General Orders.
His Excellency the Acting-Governor has received authentic information of the following Event:
His Majesty's Sloop of War Peacock, commanded by the late lamented Captain PEAKE, fell in with the Hornet, United States' Ship of War, of considerable superior force; when, after a close engagement of thirty-five minutes, Capt. Peake fell by a cannon ball in the act of cheering his brave men to glory.
The disparity of strength, with the shattered and sinking state of the Peacock, gave a claim of dearly-bought conquest to the Enemy - who lost his trophy by her sinking, when nearly in a similar state herself.
The conciliating manners and private character of Capt. Peake, had, in a short space of time, endeared him to this Community, and his high professional reputation as a naval officer, he carried with him unsullied and substantiated to another world. The colony, from self-interest alone, has serious cause for regret, in being deprived of the protection of this vigilant commander.
It is the property of brave and generous minds, whilst they bear with fortitude, disasters - to feel like men, and condole with those who suffer. It is not necessary to arouse the British Lion upon such occasions.
His Excellency cannot avoid bearing in warm recollection, the conduct of the Demerary Militia, who volunteered at a former period to meet this daring enemy either by sea or land. He has requested the Reverend W. G. Straghan to preach an appropriate Sermon to His Majesty's Troops and the Militia, in commemoration of this brave Commander, and his gallant Crew, which will take place at the Dutch Church, at 10 o'clock to-morrow. The Royal Artillery, His Majesty's 2d Battalion 60th Regiment, and 1st Battalion Demerary Militia, will assemble at the Parade in Cumingsburg, and march from thence to the place of Divine Worship.
King's-House, George-Town, March 6, 1813.
By Command,

                        George-Town, Demerary, 1813.
AT a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the United-Colonies of Demerary and Essequebo, held at Marsh's Hotel, on Thursday the 4th March, assembled to express their admiration of the conduct of Capt. PEAKE, and the gallant Crew of his Majesty's Brig Peacock, who acquitted themselves so well in a desperate engagement with the enemy, on the East-Coast of Demerary: And, at the same time, ardently desirous of affording the most useful testimony of their sincere regret for the loss of Capt. Peake, and those of his valiant Crew, who fell in this glorious but fatal engagement with an American Sloop of War, of great superiority, on the 24th of February, in sight of their shores.
PRESENT: [centered]
The Honourable William Robertson, [centered]
Honourable Peter Grant, [centered]
Honourable Joseph Beete, [centered]
Reverend W. G. Straghan, [centered]
[first column]
James Robertson,
John Oliverson,
Alexander Fullerton,
Charles Edmonstone,
Alexander Grant,
Peter Rose,
Thomas Barry,
Charles Simson,
James Jackson,
William Cook,
Henry Halket,
[second column]
Archibald Kennan,
John Croal,
Hugh Douglas,
Charles McGarel,
Henry Osborn Seward,
Henry S. Thomas,
Henry T. Ferguson,
Edward Thomas,
A. Aulert,
P. Monnier,
[end columns]
And many others, who came in subsequently.
The chair having been declined by the Honourable Joseph Beete, it was taken, at his particular desire, by the Rev. W. G. Straghan. The object of the meeting having been briefly stated, it was proposed and unanimously Resolved -
1st. That an elegant Marble Monument Tablet be erected in Saint George's Church, to the memory of Capt. Peake, and to commemorate the glorious though, fatal engagement in which he fell.
2d. That in the name of the Inhabitants of these Colonies, Mrs. Peake be presented, in whatever form may be most agreeable to herself, with some memorial of their gratitude, respect, and admiration of her gallant and much lamented husband; who fell a proud example of tried courage, in an important command, entrusted to him for the safety and protection of their ships and commerce.
3d. That a sum of money be raised by subscription, and deposited in the hands of the Father of our lamented Hero, with a particular request, that he will have the goodness to superintend the disposal and appropriation of it in the following manner: - First, for the comfort and assistance of the wives, children, or near relatives of each of the Peacock's crew, who fell or perished in the late engagement; secondly, for the relief of the wounded and disabled; and thirdly, should the sum collected be adequate for the purpose, that the surplus be presented in appropriate sums to the surviving Officers and Crew, to assist in repairing, in some degree, the losses they may have sustained, and as a small but grateful token from the Inhabitants of the United-Colonies of their great admiration of that gallantry, the peculiar characteristic of British seamen, by which his Majesty's Brig Peacock was defended by her brave Crew against great superiority, to the last extremity.
4th. That the Hon. Joseph Beete be appointed Treasurer.
5th. That to answer the foregoing excellent purposes, the following Committee of Gentlemen be appointed, and requested to receive subscriptions from all members of the community, who justly appreciate meritorious conduct.
The Honourable J. S. Masse, [centered]
Honourable Peter Grant, [centered]
Honourable Joseph Beete, [centered]
Honourable John Wilson, [centered]
Honourable William Austin, [centered]
Reverend W. G. Straghan, [centered]
[first column]
Alexander Fullerton,
Angus Fraser,
Charles Simson,
Charles Bean,
M. Van Kerkwyk,
J. H. Boode,
[second column]
Stephen Cramer,
Thomas Dougan,
Charles Rutherford,
William Munroe,
Peter McGarel,
Henry Frost.
[end columns]
6th. That these Resolutions be advertised in the Gazettes of the Colony, that Gentlemen inclined to assist herein may favour the Committee with their names and subscriptions.
The meeting was then adjourned to Thursday the 25th March.

FOR SALE, [centered]
Plantation Good Intent, [centered]
Situated in Pomeroon River, [centered]
Containing 500 Acres of Land, more or less, of which there are 240 Acres in Cotton, 60 Acres in Plantains, 100 Acres of Pasturage, and an excellent Orchard. On this Property there is a dwelling-house quite new, built of the best materials, with convenient out-buildings; a logie, ginning house, sick house, negro houses, &c. To an approved purchaser the price and terms will be made as easy as possible. For particulars enquire of Messrs. FULLERTON, OLIVERSON, & Co. or the Subscriber.
Demerary, March 6. W. ROACH.

The Committee for Financial Purposes [centered]
GIVE NOTICE, [centered]
THAT the rest of the Colonial Notes being arrived in the Spectator, attendance will be given at the house of Mr. JOSEPH BEETE, jun. in Columbia-District, on Monday, the 15th; Tuesday, the 16th; and Wednesday, the 17th instant, from nine till two o'clock, for the purpose of exchanging them with the old notes still outstanding.
Columbia-District, March 5, 1813.

THE Subscribers offer for sale - a PUNT; 46 feet keel, 15 beam, and 8 deep; Mora timbers, planked with brown Sirwabaly, and has a bow and stern. She will carry from 20 to 30 cords of fire wood.
March 6. B. & M. JACOBS.

THE Subscriber begs leave to inform his Friends in the Colonies of Demerary, Essequebo, and Berbice, who formerly were, and all others who wish to become subscribers, for having their Letters and Papers forwarded to and from Europe, &c. that he still continues to carry on the same business in Barbados, on his usual terms, namely Twelve Pounds Ten Shillings (Barbados Currency) per annum, payable in advance, they paying all postages, &c. and will be much obliged to them, in case of the want of his services in that way, for a continuance of their favors.
Union-Coffee-House, Demerary, March 6.

RUN-A-WAY - a Negro-Man named Sandy, formerly belonging to Adriana Dunlop. He is of the Congo nation; about five feet high. Whoever will lodge the same in the Colony Barracks, or deliver him to J. J. CLELAND, will be rewarded.
March 6.

FOR SALE - a healthy, stout, and active Negro. He is a cook or house-servant, about the age of twenty-three, and has no fault. Enquire of the Printer. - March 6.

AN excellent SADDLE-HORSE for sale by the Undersigned. He is very fit for any Gentleman in the Cavalry Corps, and will be sold cheap, or exchanged for a small Horse that has been accustomed to draw a chaise.
March 4. C. MACRAE.

FOR SALE. [centered]
THE Two Half-Lots, 7 and 8, in Stabroek, with the Building thereon, now in the occupation of Messrs. J. L. and G. M. FORRESTER, who will quit on the 1st of May next. The lots will be sold separately if more agreeable to purchasers; and should they not be disposed of by private sale, previous to the 1st of May, they will be offered at public vendue. For further information apply to
Attornies of C. D. FORRESTER.

THE Undersigned gives notice, that his Office of Receiver-General is removed from the house of Messrs. DYETT, M'GAREL, & Co. to his residence in the district of Robb's-Town, where he will give attendance, the hours prescribed by the Honourable Court of Policy.
March 5. A. SIMPSON.

MARSHALS' OFFICE. [centered]

BY virtue of an Order from His Honor the President of the Honourable Court of Criminal and Civil Justice of the United-Colony of Demerary and Essequebo, &c. &c. &c. I, the undersigned Deputy First Marshal of the aforesaid Colony, will expose for sale unto the highest bidder, in presence of two Counsellors-Commissaries of the Honourable Court of Justice, and their Secretary, at the Court-House, George-Town, on the Sixth day of April next ensuing -
1st. In behalf of A. Van der Stok, Plaintiff, versus G. Mahlstedt, Defendant - The Lot of Land, No. 16, situated in George-Town (Stabroek District), with the Buildings thereon, viz. a Dwelling-House facing the Middle or Brick-dam; the frame of colony-wood, inclosed with American lumber, and covered with wallaba shingles, length about 46 feet by 44, with out-houses; and another Dwelling-House, facing the South-dam of Stabroek, the frame of hardwood, inclosed with American lumber, and covered with wallaba shingles, 32 feet by 26, with an out house.
2d. In behalf of John Loudex (free coloured man) Plaintiff, versus James Mings (free coloured man), Defendant - The Half-Lot No. 189, situated in the District of Cumingsburg, with the Buildings thereon, viz. a Dwelling-House, about 30 feet long by 20 ditto, the frame of colony-wood, two stories high, inclosed with American lumber, and covered with wallaba shingles; an out-house, serving for a kitchen, in bad order; the half-lot inclosed with wallaba staves and posts.
Should any person pretend to have any right, title, or claim on the above-mentioned premises, and wishes to oppose the sale thereof, let such person or persons address themselves to me, the said Deputy First Marshal, stating their reasons of opposition in writing, when I will appoint such person or persons, a day of hearing before the Honourable Court of Justice for the trial of the same; and those intend to purchase, please attend the day of sale above-written.
Rio Demerary and Essequebo, this 5th day of March 1813.
Deputy First Marshal.

IN pursuance of an Appointment of His Honor, THOMAS FRANKLAND, President of the Hon. Court of Criminal and Civil Justice of these Colonies, bearing date 25th February, 1813 - I, the undersigned Deputy First Marshal of the said Colony, in the name and behalf of A. CART, Executor of the Estate of JOHN BROOKS, deceased, do hereby, for the First Time by Edict, Cite - All known and unknown Creditors of said estate; to appear before the Honourable Court of Justice, at their session to be holden in the chief town, Stabroek, on the 19th of April next, and following days, in order to render their respective claims in due form; whereas after the expiration of the fourth edict will be proceeded against the non-appearers according to law.
Demerary, this 5th day of March, 1813.
Deputy First Marshal.

BY Virtue of an Order obtained from His Honor THOMAS FRANKLAND, President of the Honourable Court of Criminal and Civil Justice of the United-Colonies of Demerary and Essequebo, &c. &c. &c. bearing date the 28th day of January last – I, the undersigned Deputy First Marshal of the aforesaid Colonies, do, by these presents, in the name and behalf of HYNDMAN & CARY, by Edict, ad valvas curie, Summon, THOMAS MACKENZIE, his Trustee and general Agent, CHS. MACKENZIE, and all others whom it may or doth concern – to appear in person, or by proxy, before the said Honourable Court of Justice, at their Session to be holden in George-Town, Stabroek, on the Nineteenth of April next ensuing, and following days; in order then and there to hear the claim and demand to be set forth by the Plaintiff, the aforesaid Hyndman & Cary; and furthermore to state reasons of opposition (in case of any) why the arrest served in behalf of the above-named Plaintiff, on the 15th day of this present month of February, on all monies, effects, and other properties, now in the hands of the said Hyndman & Cary, and belonging to the before mentioned Ths. Mackenzie, shall not be confirmed; to answer on the claim and demand, and further to proceed with the Plaintiff as the law directs; and in case of default, the said Court shall decide on the premises as in their wisdom shall seem meet, and according to law.
Rio Demerary and Essequebo, this 17th of February, 1813.
Deputy First Marshal.
[Transcriber's note: the above item did not appear in an earlier issue.]

SECRETARY's OFFICE. [centered]

This is to inform the Public, that the following Persons intend quitting this Colony: -
George Johnstone, in fourteen days or by the Brig Bridget, from the 1st of February.
R. W. Allkins, with one servant, in fourteen days or six weeks, from the 2d of February.
Richard Jenkins, in fourteen days or six weeks, from the 4th of February.
D. T. Mallony, will transport to Barbados, two Negroes, named Greenock and Annacilla, the property of Miss Speed, in fourteen days or six weeks, from the 5th of February.
James Wheelright, and family, and two servants, in one month, or six weeks from the 12th of February.
Allen Dalzell, and Lady, with two servants, in fourteen days or one month, from the 13th of February.
Francis P. Walcotte, in fourteen days, or six weeks, from the 19th of February.
The Honourable Anthony Meertens, and family, and two servants, with the next Convoy.
Mathew Thomson, in one month, or six weeks, from the 25th of February.
Francis Owens, in fourteen days, from the 26th of February.
Amelia Godding, and a servant named Mary, in fourteen days, or six weeks, from the 26th of February.
William M'Pherson, in fourteen days, or six weeks, from the 27th of February.
Thomas Lowthian, in fourteen days, or with the Ship Lune, from the 1st of March.
I. C. H. Kuster, in fourteen days, or six weeks, from the 1st of March.
William Chorley, and one servant, in fourteen days, or by the April Convoy, from the 4th of March.
Hugh Munro, in 14 days, from the 5th of March.
George Bonyan, in fourteen days, or six weeks, from the 6th of March
Thomas Smith, in fourteen days, or with the April Convoy, from the 6th of March.
Secretary's Office, Demerary, March 6, 1813.
Sworn Clerk.

PUBLIC VENDUES. [centered]

[Transcriber's note: no new or modified vendues in this issue.]

DEMERARY, &c. [centered]
[first column]
[seal image]
[second column]
At a Meeting of the Court of Policy of the Colony of Demerary and Essequebo, at its Extraordinary Assembly, held at the Colony-House, in George-Town, Demerary,
[end columns]
PRESENT: [centered]
His Excellency Major-General H. L. CARMICHAEL,
Acting-Governor, [centered]
His Honor, J. S. MASSE, [centered]
Acting President of the Court of Justice. [centered]
The Honourable W. ROBERTSON, Fiscal, [centered]
And the Honourable Members, [centered]
DEMPTO, [centered]
The Hon. JAMES JOHNSTONE. [centered]
Friday, March 5, 1813, [centered]
(After Prayers.) [centered]
The Court being assembled, His Excellency the Acting-Governor was pleased to address them as follows:
"GENTLEMEN - I was deprived, by an unavoidable accident, the pleasure of meeting you yesterday, and personally laying before you certain papers, to be transmitted to His Majesty's Ministers by the Packet.
For the honour conferred by your Resolution, so highly flattering, and just handed to me, I cannot sufficiently express my thanks and grateful feelings; particularly reflecting, that the only merit I can claim, is strictly following those principles of loyalty and patriotism, early imbibed in the British army - when, on certain occasions, as at present, I had accidentally to act as the humble Representative of my gracious Sovereign in a civil capacity; I kept in remembrance, upon all judicial proceedings, the motto of a late Lord Chancellor - Be just, and fear not!
When involved in difficulties and embarrassing duties, either in the Field or Secretary's Office, I ever found conscious rectitude, a faithful ally that never deserted or deceived.
In an extraordinary and unprecedented predicament, for several months obliged to exercise discretionary powers, our opinions vibrated invariably in unison towards the one grand object - the good of the colony; - a few misguided individuals shewed an inclination to give opposition, the effects of which may on revert upon themselves.
I have, Gentlemen, anxiously endeavoured to conciliate misunderstanding, and discountenance any approach to party or dissension - I had the satisfaction upon this, as well as other similar occasions, to meet your decided support and cordial concurrence. The line of conduct that has acquired the approbation I most esteem (that of wise and honourable men), shall be pursued in undeviating course; at the same time, firmly relying upon the just discrimination of His Majesty's Ministers, and their impartial report to His Royal Highness the Prince Regent - retaining constantly in view, Gentlemen, those sublime sentiments, expressed by the Poet -
"What Conscience dictates to be done,
"Or warms me not to do;
"This, teach me more than Hell to shun,
"That, next to Heaven pursue."
With this polar-guide, Gentlemen, and actuated by loyalty and duty, I trust, when called upon, I shall be prepared to give an account of my public services to my God and my Sovereign, whose mercy and benevolence will make every allowance for human error."
The Acting-Governor having concluded, the Court proceeded to the business of the day.
By Command,
Clerk to the Court of Policy.

PROCLAMATION. [centered]

By His Excellency Major-General HUGH LYLE CARMICHAEL, Acting-Governor in and over the Colony of Demerary and Essequebo, &c. &c. and the Honourable the COURT of POLICY of the said Colony:
Unto all whom it may concern - Greeting, be it known:
WHEREAS by our Proclamation, bearing date the 29th of January, and published the 6th of February last, the rate of exchange at which the Colonial Receiver was to take Bills of Exchange in payment of Taxes, was fixed at f 13 per pound sterling.
We have thought fit, for divers reasons thereunto us moving, to alter and amend said Ordinance; and to desire the respective Receivers of the King's and Colonial Chests will take such Bills as they approve them, in payment of Taxes, at the rate of f 12 10 to the pound sterling, until further notice.
And that no ignorance may be pretended of this our Ordinance, these Presents shall be published, and affixed, for general information.
Given at our Extraordinary Assembly, held at the Colony-House, George-Town, this 5th day of March, and Published the 6th following.
(Signed) H. L. CARMICHAEL.
By Command,
Clerk of the Court of Policy.

We have no arrival to announce in the present Number.

JOSEPH V. KNOX. [centered]
This was an action of trover to recover the value of 232 cases of merchandise, shipped by plaintiff on board the Mary, a vessel belonging to defendants, which was bound for Surinam. It appeared in evidence, that the Mary sailed with a convoy for Surinam, and that in consequence of convoy not being able to beat up for Surinam, and the Captain thinking it imprudent to leave the convoy, he went first to Berbice, and then to Grenada, where the Captain sold the goods in question, thinking it for the interest of all concerned; - but Lord Ellenborough held, that it was no defence, and that plaintiffs were entitled to recover the difference between what the goods brought at Grenada, and what they would have probably brought at Surinam; and it was agreed to refer this amount of the award to one of the Jury. Mr. Tapping contended, that the plaintiffs could only recover part of their demand, as it would appear in evidence that they were merely the agents of a house in Amsterdam; but Lord Ellenborough held, that they had a special property, which was sufficient to enable them to maintain an action of trover.


It having been stated, that it is the intention of the British Government, to put a stop to the trade, carried on with the French under licence of both Governments; a few details (extracted from a late London Paper) of the conditions under which these licences have been granted by Bonapart, the manner in which the trade is carried on, and the duties imposed upon the imports of colonial produce into France, will perhaps not be without interest to many of our readers:-
"The first and indispensible condition of a French Licence for the importation of colonial produce from England into France is, an exportation from France into England of equal value, one-third or two-thirds in French manufactured goods, and one or two thirds in the produce of the French soil. This condition is intended to prevent the rise of our exchange by our exports, to favour the French manufacturers and cultivators, and to injure our manufacturers.
"The difficulty of obtaining French licences, which are generally granted to persons not in trade and by them sold, and the danger and expence of complying with the conditions of export from France of manufactured articles, which is not sanctioned by the permission of our Government, are the reasons of the exorbitant freights paid to the French ship owners, or possessors of a licence, which freight in most instances exceeds the value of goods here.
"But the immense revenue to the French finances, is the most powerful inducement for the French Government to grant those licences; and by the conditions of them this advantage is obtained, without giving up any of their hostile measures against our commerce.
"Since the beginning of the year 1810, licences were granted by the French Government; but in the first instance only on a limited scale, and chiefly for articles of the most urgent necessity, viz. hides, medicines, and a few dying drugs. Early in the present year (1812) the system was extended, the number of licences increased, and more articles added. In February 68 licences were granted for the different ports of France, in which colonial produce was included, and which were chiefly used for the exportation of coffee, raw sugar, and indigo. The following statement of the value of goods exported by the medium of these licences, and of the advantages derived by the French ship-owners and by the French Government, will prove the policy of putting a stop to this trade.
Value of Exports by a Vessel of 500 Tons. [centered]

200 Chests Indigo 50,000lbs at 3s.


180 Tons Coffee, 5,620 cwt. At 50s.


100 Tons Sugar, 2,000 cwt. At 40






For these Exports the French Ship Owners made the following freights:-

50,000lbs. Indigo at 5 francs

fr. 250,000


5,620 cwt. Coffee 365,000lbs.
Averdupois, at 1f.




2000 cwt. Sugar 206,080lbs, da, 1f.







fr 821,000

or 43,220




For 68 Ships, fr.


or 2,940,000

The amount of Duties on the importation into France of the same goods are -

50,000lbs. Indigo, or 23,000
kilograms, at 9 fr. and 1c.




180 Tons Coffee, or 182,500
killograms, at 4 fr. and 10 c.




100 Tons Sugar, or 103,080
killograms, at 3 fr. and 10 c.








1,370,864 fr.

or 72,152

                    For 68 Ships, 93,200,000 fr. or 4,900,000
"Thus an export of about two millions and three hundred thousand pounds sterling, limited in its beneficial effects by unfavourable conditions, yielded to the French ship-owners freights of near three million pounds sterling, and to the French Government a revenue of near five million pounds sterling, or 93 million francs."

LOCALITIES. [centered]

Acting under the correct impression, that the late heroic struggle for supremacy over a greatly superior adversary, although not successful - nevertheless is entitled to a grateful commemoration; it will be observed, that a considerable number of Gentlemen assembled on Thursday last, at Marsh's Hotel, and resolved in a manner honourable to their humanity, as well as illustrative of their characteristic policy and public-spirit. - We allude to what appears in our first page, on the loss of the Peacock of sloop of war, and, what is more to be lamented, the commander this station has been so long in want of.

The Adjourned First Grand Session of the Court of Justice for the present year, commences on Monday.

The remaining Paper-Money, intended for this colony, is at last arrived. The exchange commences on Monday next, at the usual place.

Without detracting the least from the intrinsic merits of the case, or obscuring one ray of that glory which must ever encircle her name; it is presumed from the following circumstance, that the Ramoncita's late adversary, was not the Hornet; and that the announcement made to that effect, to her gallant defenders, was merely for the purpose of intimidation. - There is a letter in town, which states, that the America privateer ship of sixteen guns and 100 men, had returned to Salem in a shattered state - that the captain reported he had a severe engagement with a vessel off Madeira - that he lost upwards of forty men - and that previous to the action, an exchange of boats took place.















WHITES. [centered]
February 3. George Lockett, Supename, Essequebo.
6. William T. Wake, Werk & Rust.
7. Robert Williamson, Plantation Unity.
8. J. Brooks, Bridge-Town.
9. William Langley, drowned.
9. W. F. Dobbrausky, do.
10. L. Wischropp, Plantation Friend.
11. E. Hopker, Essequebo River.
15. Eleanor Mathews Harriot, Kingston.
17. Henry Taitt, Plantation Zorg & Hoop.
19. Rudolph Onink, Plantation Wittenburg.
22. Andrew Welsh, Kingston.
23. Gaspard Fontaine, Plantation Le Reduit.

FREE COLOURED [centered]
[right pointing hand icon] No Returns made. [centered]

Note - The following White was reported too late for the last Obituary. - January 23. W. Davidson, Plantation Perseverance, Essequebo.

in the Colony-Stocks of Demerary. [centered]






Pl. Alliance.


Boedel M'Rae,

L. Corbet.


Pl. Orange Nassau,



T. Robinson,

Pl. Vryheid's Lust.






Pl. Marias Lodge.


J. M'Pherson,

From Mahaicony.


J. M'Pherson,

From Mahaicony.





Pl. Swanenschuts,

Pl. Lowlands.


W. King,



M. Smit,

C. Chandler.


M. Pollard,



Dr. Walker,

a negro of C. M'rae.

March 6. F. STRUNKAY, Scout.

GEORGE-TOWN: [centered]
Printed and Published, every Tuesday and Saturday Afternoon.
By Edward James Henery. [centered]

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