Ao. 1803 )
( No. 45.
Essequebo and Demerary
the 5th of November.
By the Provisional Government and by
other members of the Court of Policy and Criminal Justice in the Colony of
Whereas the Provisional Government
(private intelligence having been received Thursday evening of the Surrender of
Essequebo and Demerary by Capitulation to the English Monday) in an
extraordinary assembly of all the Counsellors, which were also convened Lieut.
Col. Carl Matthias, Commandant of the Troops, Lieut. G. T. Hinxt, of the Navy,
Commander of the Republican Schooner Serpent, Capt. R. Stuyvelaar, of the
Artillery, and Capt. J. R. Claessens, of the Rangers, held Friday the 23d Inst.
P.M. have laid upon the table a letter delivered that Morning at [illegible]
o'Clock by Brigade Major Armstrong, of the British Land Forces, and Lieut.
Pardo, of the British Navy, who had arrived here with a Flag of truce.
The contents of which letter are as
By Captain Loftus Otway Bland, Commander
of His Brittanick Majesty's Ships &c. &c. &c. and Lieutenant
Colonel Robert Nicholson, Commander of His Britannick Majesty's Land Forces
&c. &c. &c. under the orders of their Excellencies Lieutenant
General William Grinfield, and Commodore Samuel Hood, Commanders in Chief of
His Majesty's Land and Sea Forces in the Windward and Leeward Charibee Islands,
&c. &c. &c.
These are requiring you the Governor and
Court of Policy and the Military and Naval Forces of the said Colony of Berbice
and its Dependencies, to Surrender the said Colony to His Britannick Majesty's
Forces under our Command, and to place the same under His Britannick Majesty's
In which case, the Laws and Usages of
the Colony shall remain in force and be respected, the mode of taxation now in
use be adhered to, and the Inhabitants shall enjoy the public exercise of their
Religion, in the same manner as heretofore; no new Establishments shall be
introduced without the consent of the Court of Police as the Legislature of the
Colony. The Public Officers, whether in Civil, Law, or Church Establishment,
as well as the Members of the respective Courts, (except the Governor) shall be
continued in their respective Offices and Situations, until His Majesty's
Pleasure shall be known; excepting those who may be attached to French
The Inhabitants, those who are at
present in the Colony, as well as those who may be abroad, shall be protected
in their Persons, and have the free enjoyment of their Properties without being
troubled or molested for any acts whatsoever, other than such as they may
commit, subsequent to the Capitulation, and in violation of the Oath of
Fidelity they shall be required to take.
The Sea and Land Forces of the Batavian
Republick stationed in the Colony shall Surrender themselves Prisoners of War,
and proper Vessels will be provided at the expence of His Britannick Majesty to
convey them with the most convenient speed to one of the Ports of the Batavian
Republick, but they are not to bear Arms against Great Britain or her Allies
until regularly exchanged or released.
The Officers shall retain their Arms and
the whole of their Baggage, and the Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates
their Baggage only.
With regard to the Military Forces, the
Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates of the same, may, if agreeable
to themselves, enter into the British Service, and receive Pay and every
advantage and emolument enjoyed by those of the same Rank in His Britannick
Should these liberal terms, which in
fact extend to the Inhabitants of this Colony a free participation in the great
advantages enjoyed by the Subjects of His Britannick Majesty, be refused, the
Governor and the Court of Police and all concerned must be answerable for the
consequences, as an immediate attack will be made by the Land and Sea Forces,
which will render every resistance vain.
One hour, and no more, is given to the
Governor from the delivery of this by Brigade-Major Armstrong and Lieutenant
Pardo, to accept or not.
On board His Majesty's Ship Heureux, off
September 23d 1803.
Loftus Otway Bland.
Robert Nicholson, Lieut.-Col.
And Whereas, the said letter being read,
the Provisional Government have required the opinion of Lieut. Colonel Matthias
and the other aforesaid Batavian Officers severally, respecting the possibility
or impossibility to defend, with the present means, the Colony against an
attack of the considerable Land and Sea Forces of the enemy (as they appeared
to be from information received, and from the signals hoisted at the
Signal-Post of the approaching number of Ships) so as to preserve the same unto
And Whereas the said opinions
insinuated, as was justly apprehended, that with the present means and general
state of defence of this colony, there was not the least ground for reasonable
hope to resist with any success: and much less now, since the enemy's
advantages had so considerably encreased by the yielding of Essequebo and
And Whereas this sentiment has naturally
produced the serious conviction and consent that thus circumstanced it became
duty and honor, rather to listen to a liberal Capitulation offered by the
enemy, to preserve the Persons and Property of the Inhabitants and others
[?????]sted in the Colony from violence, distruction [sic] and plunder, than by
a vain resistance, certainly to expose the same to all those miseries.
The Provisional Government and other
Members, Civil and Military, have felt impelled to resolve to Surrender the
Colony to His Britannick Majesty's Forces on the proffered Capitulation, with
some additional Articles, which they would endeavour to get granted by the
British Commanders, as tending to the advantage of this Colony and all concered
[sic] by the same.
Lieut. Colonel Matthias having not
however categorically concurred in accepting the proffered terms, nor assisted
in the framing of the additional articles, but, on being required to answer
expressly on the subject, pretended that he could not positively express
himself, before consulting with the other Officers of the Garrison; leaving the
assembly for that purpose at half past five o'Clock, under promise to return
before seven, (the utmost period the Bearers of the Summons would consent to
tarry for an answer) but which he has not fulfilled, returning neither to the
assembly, nor sending in any reason for his not returning, and thus obliging
the assembly to frame the additional articles without his assistance and
And after the proposals on the part of
the assembly were committed to writing, it was resolved that the same should be
delivered to the British Commanders by a Committee, composed of J. van den
Broik Jr. of the Provisional Government, Counsellor Fricke, Fiscal and
Secretary Eggers, Captns. Stuyvelaar and Claessens and Lieut. Gallas of the
Navy, with authorisation finally to conclude with the said Commanders. And the
said proposals having received the Signatures of the whole assembly, the
Committee departed, with the Summons bearers, in the Flag of truce for the Heureux
Man of War, (whence the Summons were dated) at ten o'Clock at Night.
And Whereas the Committee have returned
to the assembly next Morning at eleven o'Clock, and reported the final
conclusion of the Capitulation at nine o'Clock, laying upon the table the
Articles mutually Signed, of which the counterpart remained with the British
The Contents of which Articles are as
By the Provisional Government and Court
of Policy, and the Commanders of the Batavian Land and Sea Forces in the Colony
of Berbice and its Dependencies
Answer to the Summons
By Captain Loftus Otway Bland,
Commmander [sic - 3 'm's] of His Majesty's Ships &c. &c. &c. and
Lieutenant Colonel Robert Nicholson, Commander of His Britannick Majesty's Land
Forces &c. &c. &c. under the orders of their Excellencies Lieut.
General William Grinfield and Commodore Samuel Hood, Commanders in Chief of His
Majesty's Land and Sea Forces in the Windward and Leeward Charibee Island,
&c. &c. &c.The Sovereignty of the Colony with its Forts, Posts,
Artillery and Ammunition of War will be Surrendered to His Britannick Majesty's
Forces on the Capitulation offered, with the following additional Articles Viz:
The Inhabitants shall have the full and
immediate enjoyment of all Property, whether on shore or afloat: abest Persons
shall, as far as regards their Property in the Colony, be considered as
Inhabitants of Berbice; the Shipping now in the River, as either belonging to
resident Inhabitants of the Colony, or to absent Proprietors of Plantations,
shall be as sacred as other property in the Colony, and be allowed to proceed
to Europe, or to any part of America, or disposed of in the Colony, at the
option of the Owners or their Agents
Answer: With respect to absent
Inhabitants and their Property this Colony will be on the same footing as
Demerary. The Shipping and all belonging to them must be given up; but a
particular case may be considered.
The Plantations, Lands, Manufactories,
Workshops, Slaves, Effects and Possessions of the Berbice Association, of
whatever nature, shall be considered as private property, in the same manner as
agreed to by the Capitulation with General Whyte in 1796
Ans. All private Property whatever of
individuals to be respected.
Provocations or Appeals of Sentences and
dispositions passed in the Colony, shall be allowed as usual, and made unto
such Court of Justice or Judges as shall be agreed upon, yet with this proviso,
that such Court or Judges shall determine the case appealed of by the now existing
Dutch Laws in the Colony.
Ans. Granted; - until decided which
Country the Colony belongs to at the end of the War; in the mean-time all
Appeals to be made to His Majesty in Council.
The Troops of His Britannick Majesty
shall Garrison all existing inland Posts for the protection of the Colony
against insurrections of the Negroes; and as many more Posts shall be erected
for that purpose, as in future may be deem'd necessary by the Court of Policy,
on making application to the Commander of His Majesty's Troops at the time
Ans. The Colony will be Protected by
British Troops. The Officer Commanding and Protecting the Colony is to judge
where Posts are to be erected.
The Colony Assignations and other
Paper-Currency of the Colony shall retain their present Value, and continue in
circulation, until such time as circumstances will permit a plan to be agreed
upon for the withdrawing and cancelling of the same, founded on Justice and
Equity and without injury to individuals.
All Salaries due by the Colony to the
Provisional Government, Civil Officers and other Persons thereto belonging,
shall be Paid out of the ordinary Duties and Taxes.
Ans. Granted. - out of the Colony Funds.
All Debts contracted by the present Government,
or by Governor van Batenburrg on account of the Colony, shall also be Paid out
of that Fund; or out of such other as might appear they belong to.
The Bartering of Provisions and other
Commodities with the Citizens of the United States of America for the Produce
of this Colony, shall continue on the same footing as at present.
Ans. On the same footing as the British
The Grants of Land made by the Council
of the American Colonies and Possessions of the Batavian Republick before this
date shall be respected, and the Grantees admitted to, and maintained in the
peaceable Possession of the same; except such Lands as might appear to be
disposed of otherwise by the government or Council here, and such as are reserved
for Public purposes; also except certain part of a Grant the Governor and
Council have, in their Assembly of the 4th of October 1802, judged to have been
Ans. All fair Grants to be respected.
All others to be left for future investigation.
The Grants of Land made by Governor and
Council before this date, shall be respected as conclusive, tho' the
approvement and confirmation of the Council of the American Colonies and
Possessions might not have arrived in the Colony; and Governor and Council
shall have the power to issue Letters of Confirmation (Grond briven) to the
Grantees which shall be deemed a complete and indisputable title to them and
Ans. Left for future investigation, and
if found to have been fairly obtained, will be confirmed.
The Grants of Land on the West Coast and
West Bank of the River Corentien, made by Governor Fredericy of Surinam, which
territory was formerly held to make part of, and belonging to that Colony, but
since December 1799 has been placed under and considered as belonging to the
Government of Berbice, shall in the same manner as proposed by the preceding
Article be respected as conclusive; and Letters of Confirmation (Grond-brieven)
issued by the Governor and Council here, to the same complete and indisputable
effect as aforesaid.
Ans. Answered in Article Ten.
The Governor and Council shall have the
power to dispose peremptorily of yet ungranted Lands, in any part of the
Colony, for cultivation, to Persons that may petition for Grants, on customary
conditions or otherwise, as may be deemd'd adapted to promote agriculture, and
of course the prosperity of the Colony.
Ans. Cannot be granted.
During two Years from this date it shall
be permitted to resident and other Proprietors who wish to quit the Colony to
withdraw their interest from the same, to dispose of [illegible] Properties,
and to transfer or have remitted the proceeds [illegible] it wherever they
shall think proper.
A Detachment of His Britannick Majesty's
Forces to [illegible] Possession of the Gates of Fort St. Andrew, and of the
Barracks below the Fort, on Sunday Morning the 25th Inst. at 7 o'Clock.
Ans. The Forces of His Britannick
Majesty to take Possession of Fort St. Andrew and all other Posts in the Colony
they think proper to occupy, this day at 10 o'Clock, or as [illegible] after as
possible before two o'Clock.
The Garrison will march out with the
Honors of War Horns blowing and Drums beating, and shall carry with them their
Arms and Ammunition and two Fieldpieces.
Ans. The Garrison to march out with the
Honors of War, No Arms, Ammunition or Fieldpieces can be allowed to Prisoners
of war, except the Officers who are to retain their Arms.
The Commander of the Troops, all the
Officers, Soldiers and other Persons belonging to the Military department
[illegible] out from Holland to this Colony, and their Wives and Children shall
be embark'd within one Month from this date and conducted to the Batavian Republick,
at the expence of His Britannick Majesty, and not be Prisoners of war. And the
Surinam detachment having been sent only from that Colony for the suppression
of the mutining of the Garrison of this Colony, which took place some Months
ago, shall be conveyed back to Surinam the Garrison they belong to, also within
the same space of time and at His Majesty's expence, and not be Prisoners of
Ans. Shall be conveyed to Europe as soon
as possible, but m[illegible] considered as Prisoners, and not to serve against
Great Britain or her Allies until regularly exchange. The Surinam Detachment
to be also Prisoners of War, on the same footing as the other Troops; - but the
Officers of the said Detachment will be furnished with a conveyance to Surinam
if they wish it.
A Vessel shall be furnished as soon as
possible for the conveyance of the Commandant, his Family and Officers, and
[illegible] Baggage and Effects to them belonging.
The Sick shall be attended at the
Military Hospital, at the expence of His Britannick Majesty, and when cured be
[illegible] to Holland.
It shall be permitted to such Persons of
the Military Department as should not wish to return to Europe, to stay in the
colony, and seek for employment in the Planter's line, or other business their
capacities and inclinations may fit them or if they choose, to quit this Colony
for any place.
Ans. Such People as may be found useful
to the colony, on pr[illegible] proper representation, will be allowed to
The present Government of the Colony and
the Comman[illegible] of the Troops shall dispatch immediately the Republican
Schooner Serpent now in this River, to give advice to the Government of the
Republic of the present Capitulation.
Naval Officers, Non-commissioned
Officers and Seaman not be Prisoners of War, but depart with the Serpent to the
Batavian Republick, and the necessary Passports shall be furnished by the
Commander of His Britannick Majesty's Naval Forces.
Ans. Cannot be granted, but the same
Vessel that takes our Dispatches to Europe, will take theirs.
The Republican Schooner Serpent to be
given up to His Britannick Majesty's Schooner Netly at 10 o'Clock this day.
The remainder of the Military Mutineers,
who by their insurrection from the 11th of April to the 10th of may last, has
put this Colony in danger of total distruction [sic], and are now in Prison,
shall be received in custody of His Britannick Majesty's Forces, and within one
Month from this date be embarked and sent to the Batavian Republick at His
Britannick Majesty's expence, to be tried for their high crimes and receive
[illegible] merited Punishment.
Ans. The British do not Protect
Mutineers of any Country [illegible] the disposal of them to be left to the
Commander in Chief His Britannick Majesty's Forces in the West-Indies.
Should hereafter any differences arise
concerning the [illegible] meaning of any of the Articles of the present
Capitulation, the interpretation of the same shall always be given in favor of
This answer and additional Articles will
be delivered to Johannes van den Broek junior, Member of the Provisional
Government, Z. J. C. Fricke, Member of the Court of Policy, Paul Eggers, Fiscal
and Secretary, Roelof Stuyvelaar, Captain of Artillery, L. R. Claessens,
Captain of the Rangers and J. D. Gallas, Lieutenant of the Navy, who are
authorised finally to conclude.
Finally concluded on board His Majesty's
Ship Heureux, off Berbice, at 9 o'Clock A.M. the 24th of September 1803.
J. van den Broek Junior.
Z. J. C. Fricke.
R. Stuyvelaar, Capt.
J. R. Claessens, Capt.
J. D. Gallas, Lieut. Nvy.
P. Eggers, Secretary.
Loftus Otway Bland.
Rob. Nicholson, Lt. Col.
[end of columns]
Possession of Fort St. Andrew, York
Redoubt, and other Posts are to be given to a Detachment of the British Troops
this day at ten o'Clock A.M. also that of the Batavian Schooner Serpent by the
British seamen; and the Netly, British Schooner, with other Boats, are to be
allowed to pass into the Harbour of Berbice.
On board His Majesty's Ship Heureux the
24th September 1803.
Loftus Otway Bland.
Rob. Nicholson, Lt. Col.
J. van den Broek, jun.
J. C. Fricke.
R. Stuyvelaar, Capt.
J. R. Claessens, Capt.
D. J. Gallas, Lieut. Ny.
P. Eggers, Secretary.
[end of columns]
And Whereas it thereby appeared that the
Committe [sic] have laudably acquitted themselves of the trust to obtain
favorable answers, indeed on more of the Articles than, by the local
circumstances and state of affairs, with any appearance of hope [illegible]ould
The assembly have approved of the
conduct of the Committee, and ratified the Capitulation; and the Provisional
Government sent peremptory order to Liet. Col. Matthias to behave conformable
to the said Capitulation; in consequence of which part of the British Forces
passed into the River and came at Anchor abrest [sic] of the Town yesterday
afternoon, and have to-day taken Possession of the Forts and Posts, and hoisted
the British Colours in this Colony.
And these presents are to make known unto
the Inhabitants the aforesaid Occurrences and Capitulation, with serious
recommendation to behave themselves conformable thereto, for the common benefit
of this Colony and all interested in the same.
And these present shall be Proclaimed,
Posted up and circulated as customary.
Enacted in an extraordinary assembly,
New-Amsterdam, 25th September 1803. Present all the Members abovenamed; except
Lieut. Colonel Matthias.
J. C. W. Herlin, Vt.
P. Eggers, Secretary.
PUBLICK AUCTIONS. [heading]
The Commissary of the Vendue advertises
that on Thursday the 10th Inst. will be exposed for sale to the highest
Bidders, at the house occupied by Major Romswinkel, and by his desire: - An
assortment of Household Furniture, consisting of chairs, Mahogany tables,
sofas, bureau and wardrobe, looking glasses, shades, silver and glass ware;
also, a Washer Woman, a Chaise and Horse, and a saddle Horse.
Demerary, 5th Novbr. 1803 E. N.
The Commissary of the Vendue advertises,
that on Monday & Tuesday the 14th and 15th Instant by order of Nicholaas
Volkerts Esqr., who intends shortly to go to Europe, shall be exposed for Sale,
at the House of Mr. H. Beys [?], opposite the Vendue Office, on Werk en Rust
Estate, the following Articles viz - sundry Slaves, Diamond Rings and Broaches,
a variety of Gold & Silver work, Gold Watches with & without Diamonds,
Repeating Watches, and a variety of other Articles. Also an elegant standing
clock, bureau, sofa, large and small water jarrs and casks, muslins, ginghams,
platillias and checks, marcells, linen and cotton cambrick, superfine East
India counterpanes, 5 Ells by 3, handkerchiefs assorted, chints, black
pantaloons, breeches patterns, East India shaving cloths, Men and womens
stockings, the very best claret in cases of 48 & 5[illegible] bottles, gin
in cases, tobacco in boxes and cartridges. longe tobacco pipes, smelling
waters, powder and pomatum, Harlem oil, Stoughton's bitters, a compleat chest
with Carpenters tools, corks &c, &c.
Also some Mechanical Instruments, the
use of which the Purchaser shall after the Sale be made acquainted with.
Demerary, 5th Novbr. 1803. E. N.
To be Sold or Let. The House next door
to Edward Jones Esqr, on the North-Dam Stabroek. It is a well built House, in
a good situation for Business, and has a commodious Brick Cellar. Enquire of
Wm. Hallstead, q. q.
Stabroek November 5th 1803. Rob. Elder.
P. Jourdan & Co have the honor to
acquaint their Friends in particular, and the Publick in general, that they
have opened a Store on the Concession formerly oc. J. E. Bohm dec., where they
have for sale best corse Salt, mostly fit for the Use of Plantation negroes,
Flour in barrels & half barrels, Pork, Bourdeaux Claret, Figs, Raisins,
Flemish Linnen for Cotton and Coffee bagging, Hanging paper &c. &c.
They expect within a few days a compleat assortment of Provisions and dry
Goods, which in due time will be publickly advertised.
They have further the honor to
advertise, that, in order to make speedy Sales, and to secure the publick
favors, they'll always be provided with goods of the first quality, and enabled
to sell their Goods at a very reasonable rate.
Demerary November 5th 1803.
Whereas It may be possible that some of
the Batavian Officers, by their sudden departure from this Colony, have left
debts behind them; the Subscriber requests all those that have any Demands
against them, or that are indebted to the said Officers of the Garrison of this
Colony from December 1802 until September 1803, to bring in their claims or pay
their debts to the Subscriber, at the House of Mr. P. F. Francke in Stabroek.
Demerary, 5th Novbr. 1803. L. Vermasen,
Lt Qr M
Ter Drukkery deezer is uyt de hand te
koop een extra fraaye Bureaux met booven stuk alles massies, een Sopha met drie
kleeden, een groote Spiegel, een staand orlogie gemaakt in Amsterdam door
Gerrit Knip, alsmeede 5 gaoote Waater Potten en
2 of 3 klyne dito, alles tot een zeer civiele prys en Contante betaaling alzo
deeze goederen verkogt worden door he vertrek na elders van N. Volkerts. - Ook
zyn aldaar te bekoomen kasten roodewyn houdende 48 en 58 Flesschen deste
Stabroek den 3de November 1803.
All Persons having Demands against Mr.
Daniel Taayspel deceased, are requested to come forward with statements of the
same, in the time of Six Weeks from this date, to the Undersigned as Executrix
and Heiress to the said Mr. Taayspel. All Accounts not rendered at the
expiration of said time, will not be noticed.
Demerary, 5th November 1803. L. H.
The Undersigned intending to leave this
Colony for Europe with the first Ships that sail in the beginning of next Year,
requests all those who have Demands against him, as well in his private
transactions as also q. q. to tender in their Accounts in the course of four
Weeks, to Mr. Heyfelder on Plantation Vreed & Rust; and those indebted to
him are also requested to come forward and make Payment to the same, as after
the Expiration of that time, all Demands not settled will be given into the
hands of his Lawyer.
Demerary, 5th Novbr. 1803 Willem de
Wolff prive & q. q.
Absented since four Weeks, my Negro
Cesar, he employs himself on board of vessells [sic] as a boatman and has been
seen frequently in boats getting water. Whoever will secure said Negro and
lodge him in the Barracks shall receive One Joe Reward.
Stabroek, 5th Novbr. 1803. N.
Absented himself from the Subscriber,
the Negro boy by name Pay Money, he is of the Canga Nation and speaks good
English, he is remarkably strong made, his stature not exceeding five feet two
inches. He is well known in and about Town in the capacity of a grass cutter,
as well as his being an aprentice [sic] of Mr. Thomas Atkins, Carpenter, from
whose service he last absented himself, he has been seen in Great Courabanna
and in the Neighbourhood of Mahaicony Creek. A reward of One Joe is hereby
offered to whoever will deliver him up to the subscriber or lodge him in the
Stabroek, 5th Novr. 1803. R. Murray.
Persons wishing to have a Sale by public
Vendue, may be accommodated, with a large commodious and for that purpose fit
up Store-room, situate on the premises of the Subscriber opposite the house of
E. N. Wichers Esq on Werk en Rust, at one joe for each day. He'll see every
thing requisite for a public sale, to be in good order, by wich [sic]
regulations, the proceeds will be much more profitable to the Sellers.
Demerary November 5th 1803 H. Beys.
[No list of Runaway Slaves]
Begraaven zedert den 28 Octob. tot den 3
Den 28 Octob. Mr. Jan de Jong.
Den 2 Nov. Mr. Doudle van Barbados, oud
and Printed by E. J. Henery, Stabroek.