Essequebo and Demerary Gazette 1805 May 25


Ao. 1805 )


Essequebo and Demerary


( No. 126.

Saturday, the 25th of May.


By His Excellency Anthony Beaujon Esquire, Governor in and over the Colonies of Essequebo and Demerary, and their Dependencies, President in all Courts and Colleges within the same, &c. &c. &c.
Whereas Accounts have been received of another very formidable French Force having arrived at Martinique, and it will therefore be necessary again to take every possible Precaution for the Defence of these His Majesty's Possessions, I have thought fit, in addition to my Proclamations of the 9th and 29th of March last, hereby to Order: -
1st: - That no Colony Craft, either Plantation Boats or Droghers, of whatever description, as well those that are now in the Rivers and those that may yet arrive, as those that are in the Trenches of the respective Estates, Creeks, &c. or may yet arrive there, shall be Permitted to go to Sea, without a License from me; but that these Vessels shall be immediately Dismantled, and the Rudders, Masts and Rigging secured on the Estates; whereof all Persons concerned are to take Notice accordingly, and the Burgher Officers in the respective Country Districts as well as the Harbour Master in Demerary River are respectively required to attend to the Execution of the above Order.
2dly: - The Seamen of all British Ships or Vessels in the River will again be Mustered under the Directions of Captain Woolcombe of His Majesty's Ship Hyaena, the Senior Naval Officer on this Station. The Masters of those Ships and Vessels and the said Seamen, are therefore, under the present circumstances, to place themselves under his Orders, to Co-operate in the Defence of the Country; and the Directions in consequence to be given by him, either for Manning Boats, removing their Vessel to such Situations as he may think necessary to appoint, or for the Execution of whatever Service may be judged requisite in the present conjuncture, are to be strictly complied with.
3dly: - The Proprietors, Attornies or Managers of Estates on the Coast, or other Persons residing there, are also Ordered, on the Appearance of an Enemy, or even Suspicious Vessel, to communicate the same to me, and to the Commandant of His Majesty's Troops here, without delay.
4th: - And on the appearance of an Enemy the other Precautions stated in my above mentioned Proclamation of the 29th of March last, are again strictly to be attended to, viz: - that all Proprietors of Estates on the Coast, or their Representatives, are, in that case, to pull down the Poles or other Marks that shew the Channels into the Canals or Trenches, and in the Event of the Enemy shewing a disposition to Land on any Estate, to let Water into the Trenches of such Estate, and if Possible to overflow part of it, so as to prevent their advancing. The Horses, Mules and Cattle, as well as Negroes on the Estates are then to be sent aback as far as possible, - all carts and Carriages to be made useless by taking off the Wheels, and every obstacle to be thrown in the way to oppose the Enemy.
Given at the King's-House in the Town of Stabroek, Demerary, this 21st day of May 1805.
Anthony Beaujon.
By Command,
P. F. Tinne, D: Secty. of the Colony.

By His Excellency Anthony Beaujon Esquire, Governor in and over the Colonies of Essequebo and Demerary, and their Dependencies, President in all Courts and Colleges: - and the Honble: Court of Policy of the said Colonies; &c. &c.
Unto all whom these Presents shall or may come, Greeting! be it known:
Whereas it is essential for the good of the Colonies to adopt measures for encreasing the number of White Inhabitants throughout the Country and whereas We have considered that altho' an Ordinance was made by this Court on the 8th of June 1789, in this behalf, enacting that the number of Whites upon Estate or Plantations should be in the proportion of at least One White Male Person to every Fifty Working Slaves; - yet that this Law, from not having been enforced for a considerable time, has become obsolete, and whereas it appears to us necessary from [illegible] extent of the Colony and the considerable encrease of the Black Population since the above period, that the Ordinance aforesaid should be revived with such amendments as are called for by the present state of the Colony, for the better attainment of the object abovementioned.
We therefore have judged fit to alter and amend the Ordinance aforesaid of the 8th of June 1789 and in consequence to enact, and it is hereby enacted accordingly, that on all Estates or Lands in these Colonies, the number of White Male Persons, in proportion to the number of Male and Female Slaves on such Estates or Lands, shall and must be as follows, viz: -
On Estates, Plantations or Lands on which the total number of Slaves of every description, is from One to 75 inclusive, One White.
From 75 to 200 inclusive, 2 Whites.
From 200 to 350 inclusive, 3 Whites.
From 350 to 450 inclusive, 4 Whites.
From 450 to 550 inclusive, 5 Whites.
From 550 to 600 and upwards, 6 Whites.
And it is also enacted that each and every Proprietor or Attorney of any Estate or Land in these Colonies, shall be bound to conform to the present Ordinance within the space of Six Months from and after the date of the Publication thereof, on Pain of forfeiting a Penal Sum or fine of Five Hundred Guilders for each White Male Person that according to the foregoing classification shall be found deficient on any Estate or Land; to which fine, after the Term of Six Months so fixed in the first Instance, shall again be liable on the expiration of every Three Months of then so being or continuing deficient in conforming to the present Law.
The said Fines to be divided one third for the Fiscaal, another third for the Poor, and the remaining third for the informer or informers.
Those Free Coloured Persons employed on any Estate or Land in these Colonies, who on representation made by their Employers shall be approved of by His Excellency the governor or the Commandeur respectively, shall with respect to the provisions of the present Ordinance, be considered in the same light as Whites.
And that no ignorance may be pretended hereof, the present Ordinance shall be Published, posted-up. Printed and sent round in the respective Divisions, for general information.
Thus Enacted at our Ordinary Assembly held at the Court House in Stabroek, on the 30th of April 1805, and Published in Demerary, on the 25th of May next thereto following.
Anthony Beaujon.
By Command of the Court,
P. F. Tinne, D: Sect.

By His Excellency Anthony Beaujon Esquire, Governor in and over the Colonies of Essequebo and Demerary, and their Dependencies, President in all Courts and Colleges within the same: and the Honble: Court of Policy of the said Colonies, &c. &c. &c.
Unto all whom these Presents may or shall concern, Greeting! be it known:
Whereas We have taken into consideration that it would be an useful improvement on the present system of Public Roads and Bridges in these Colonies if it were made a general Order that all the Bridges, in the manner as several Planters have already done from their own suggestion, should be covered over with Ground or Earth in order to prevent the accidents which do frequently happen, particularly in Rainy Weather, from Horses sliding out or missing their footing on the hard Plank of colony Wood, of which many of these Bridges are constructed;We therefore have judged fit partly to alter and amend the 3d Article of the general Ordinance for Public Roads and Bridges in Essequebo and Demerary, enacted on the 31st of October 1795, and Published on the 23d of November thereto next following, and in consequence of order, and it is hereby ordered accordingly in the first place, that all Public Bridges in either of the said Colonies, which are made of Colony Plank, shall be covered over with Ground or Earth within the space of Four weeks from and after the date of the Publication of these Presents in Essequebo and Demerary respectively, provided nevertheless that a Certificate of two neighbouring Planters and signed by them, under a tender of Oath, shall be previously taken out and transmitted to the Fiscaal, stating that such Bridges are strong and substantial, and constructed in other respects conformable to the Regulations laid down by the general Ordinance abovementioned; and We do further order and enjoin that the Railings of such Bridges shall, within the space of Three Months after the date of the Publication of these Presents as aforesaid, be made four feet above the Earth; - the whole on pain that those who neglect to conform to the foregoing orders shall on the expiration of the time herein before respectively stated, be liable to the Fines provided by the general Ordinance beforementioned on the subject of Bridges.
It is also hereby ordered and enjoined in the second place that all Bridges that may be made or renewed after the date of the Publication of these Presents as aforesaid, shall be made of no other than hard Colony Plank, to be covered over afterwards with Ground or Earth, - a Certificate under tender of Oath in the manner herein before-mentioned being always first procured and transmitted to the Fiscaal as aforesaid; - and the railing of such new Bridges to be made four feet high above the Earth the Bridges are covered with; - all on pain, as to defaulters in either of these respects, of encurring the Fines fixed by the general Ordinance of 1796 before-mentioned.
And Whereas We have at the same time considered that it might likewise have an useful tendency in preventing accidents on the Public roads, particularly at Night, if similar to what obtains in other well regulated Communities, some uniform Regulation were established with regard to driving in case of Carriages meeting each other, it is accordingly hereby laid down as a general and uniform rule, that Carriages meeting each other on any of the Public Roads, Dams, or Streets in these Colonies, shall each take to their left side, so as to cross each other on the right hand; - and also that any Carriage following or coming up with another Carriage on any Public Road, Dam or Street in the said Colonies and intending to Pass it, shall be obliged for so doing to take to the right side of the Road, Dam or Street and so proceed on and Pass such Carriage on the right side of it: - It being understood that every injury or damage that may be occasioned by the general and uniform order now laid down not being attended to, shall be for account and risk of those who shall have been deficient in conforming thereto.
Thus Resolved in Our Ordinary assembly held at the Court House in Stabroek, Demerary, the 1st of May 1805, and Published in Demerary the 25th of the same Month next following.
Anthony Beaujon, Vt.
By Command of the Court,
P. F. Tinne, Dy: Secty.
We are prevented, for want of room, from inserting to day, the last foregoing Publication in the Dutch Language, but intend doing so in Next Saturday's Gazette.

STABROEK, 25th MAY 1805. [heading]
MILITIA ORDERS. Stabroek District.
The Major Commandant has great pleasure, in communicating the following flattering mark of His Excellency the Governor's approbation to the Major, Officers, and men of the Stabroek Militia: - a continuance of the same Honorable Zeal, Spirit, and Attention, cannot fail, at all times, to render them still more Estimable to their Friends and Formidable to their Enemies.
King's-House, Stabroek, 25th May 1805.
I have the Governor's directions to express to you the high Satisfaction he experienced this Morning in reviewing the Stabroek Militia.
The appearance of the Corps on the ground and the manner in which they went thro' their several evolutions, while they bear testimony of the assiduity with which the Militia reviewed this morning, have lately attended to their exercises, reflect great credit on the Officers. - The correctness in general of the Firing was particularly noticed by the Governor, and His Excellency, from the proficiency of the Militia in this essential point as well as in other respects, during so short a space of time, anticipates with confidence the progressive state of perfection they may shortly attain, as well as the result of their Services for the Defence of the Colony.
His Excellency particularly requests you will make known these His Sentiments to the Major, Officers and Men of the Battalion who attended this Morning.
I have the honor to be,
Your most Obedt: humble Servant
C. T. Tinne,
Gov: Secty and Aid de Camp.
F. Macrae Esqr.
Major Commandant of
the Demerary Militia.

BEKENDMAAKINGEN, Van de Secretary. [heading]

Alle de geene die iets te pretendeeren hebben, ofte verschuldigt zyn, aan den Boedel van Wylen den Heer Greenhill Jones, worden versogt daar van opgaave en betaaling te doen ter domicilium van Mejuffrouw Harriott Jones, Weduwe McNish, in qualiteit als gesubstitueerde Executrice ten Boedel vormelde, ten einde gemelde Boedel zo spoedig mogelyk ter behoorlyk Liguiditeit [sic] te kunnen brengen.
Actum ter Secretary van Rio Demerary dezen 24st Mey 1805.
In Kennisse van my F. Horn, gezw: Clercq.


On Monday the 27th Instant will be exposed for Sale to the highest Bidders, by order of C. D. Forrester Esqr. at his House in Stabroek; - Superfine broad Cloths, Thicksetts, plated goods, Hatts, boots and shoes, Ladies slippers, ready made Clothes, provisions, &c. &c.
May 25th 1805. Brereton & Kingston.

On Friday the 31st Instant will be Exposed for sale to the highest Bidders, at the Vendue Office, by Order of F. P. Van Berckel Esqr. Fiscaal of this Colony, the following arrested Negroes, viz: - A Negro Man Providence, belonging to Pittman or Plantation Cottage in Berbice, arrested the 28th of January by the Diendaars. - A ditto Tam of Miss Silby in Mahaica, by himself last January. - A ditto Bootsman, belonging to Mr. Van den Brock of Berbice, arrested the 24th February by Mr. Fraser of Pl. Eendract.
Brereton & Kingston.

On Tuesday the 4th of June will be exposed for Sale to the highest Bidders, by order of Doctor J. H. Reis, at his House on front of Pln. La Grange, River Demerary: - The following articles of Furniture, mahogany dining and breakfast Tables, sideboard, chairs, sopha with a mattrass, bedstead with mattrass and curtains, looking glasses, silver tea and table spoons, knives and forks, glass and earthen ware, a double barrel gun, madeira wine in bottles, bitters in ditto, sheets, a large assortment of fresh Medicines, water casks, a still, horses, a tent boat with six oars, several Negroes, viz: a cook, house Boys, grass cutters, &c. &c. &c.
25th Mey 1805. Brereton & Kingston.


The Subscriber requests all those who have Demands against him to come forward for Payment befor [sic] the 1st of July next; and all those Indebted are requested to call and settle with him on or before the aforesaid date, as he will otherwise be obliged to have recourse to Law.
Demerary, 25th May 1805. I. Ceurvorst.

Notice is hereby given that J. Thibou Mathews Esqr. is empowered to receive the Rents due to the Subscriber by several Lots in New Town and Bridge Town, with special request to Sue all those who do not immediately come forward with Payment.
Demerary, 25th May 1805. John Robb.

P. Verbeke has the honor to inform the Ladies that he has just imported a trunk of Reaths [sic] and Sprigs, of the newest fashion. He has also on sale, silk Gloves, silk, cotton, and thread Stockings, Irish Linens, corded dimities, printed Cambricks, new patterns, printed Calicoes, linen pocket handkerchiefs, and other articles.
Demerary, May 25th 1805.

TO BE LETT [heading]
That Elegant, convenient and in every respect well situated House, out houses and Land situated on the North side corner of the front Land of Pln. Vlissengen, opposite the superb seat of the Honble: F. P. Van Berckel Esqr. and a breast [sic] of the large Public Road leading over the pritty [sic] Bridge with it's [sic] china railings and in sight of a number of large Trees: (the retreat of singing birds of almost every kind) this House is two storie high, and in lieu of having wooden shutters has glass sash windows, which makes it the more convenient in the Rainey [sic] season, and the Tenant can always see what he is about, and do his business without interruption; -
The stand of this House is suitable to a Merchant, having two doors on the first floor the one to receive the Merchandize and the other to deliver it: the house standing on an angulus obtusus gives a charge for the occupier, (he being a Merchant) to show his Merchandize to advantage on two different ways and as the Road is leading parallel to the angles gives it a most delightfull prospect to see Travellers passing in different directions. Should this House not be lett within a Week, it will then be Sold as is customary at Vendue.
Stabroek, 25th May 1805. N. Rousselet.

The Subscribers are respectfully informed the Third Subscription Concert will be Performed on Saturday next, the first of June 1805, at Plantation Vlissengen: -
ACT 1st.
Grand Overture.
Song by a Gentleman.
Sonata, Piano Forte, with Violin accompaniment,
by Mr. De Veer - Moyart. [sic]
The Celebrated Battle of Prague.
(by Particular desire.)
ACT 2d.
Rondo, - Piano Forte.
Fischer's favorite Minuett, by Capt. Von Firks.
Song by a Young Lady.
Grand Concerto, Piano Forte.
For a full Orchestra, by Capt. Von Firks.
Sonata Viola d' Amour, - Mr. Keller.
Non Subscribers Tickets, Twelve Dollars. The Tickets to be had the day of the Concert at the Room.
After the Concert will be a Ball, upon the same Subscription as the last.
Demerary, 25th May 1805.

Runaway with from the Ship fame, by two Seamen belonging to his Majesty's Schooner Prevost, a Ship's Yawl sixteen feet long with two Oars, painted green above and a black bottom without, and yellow and black within, her stern a little damaged.
Whoever will deliver the same to Captn. John Brand shall receive a reward of One Joe.
Demerary, May 25th 1805.

Picked-Up by the People of the Subscriber, in this River, a Yawl Boat, any Person that has a claim upon the same can have her by Paying for this advertisement.
Demerary, 25th May 1805. C. M. Overweg.

Picked Up on Plant. Cornelia's Eda, a Creall raised on, with four benches therein, also a yellow Painted Boat with two oars, the owners thereof may have them by applying on said Plantation and Paying the Expences.
West Coast, Demerary, May 25th 1805.

CASH [heading]
For Bills of Exchange drawn upon the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioner of His Majesty's Treasury, to the amount of
L 500 Sterling.
Sealed proposals will be received by W. N. Firebrace Esqr. Resident Commissary, at his Office until 10 o'Clock on Tuesday next (27th Instant May) The Tenders to be opened in the presence of Brigadier General J. Montgomorie, and the highest offer or offers will be accepted.
Demerary, May 25th 1805.

To Be Sold: - A stout Healthy Negro Woman, who is a good Huxter, with her Child, a Boy, about Twelve Months Old; also an African Girl, that has been in the colony about Two Years: - Apply to the Printer.
Stabroek, May 25th 1805.

The Attorney at Law Cantzlaar J. Z. having at the instance of his Friends, Resolved to prolong his stay in this Colony for one Year more, hereby informs his Clients, that he will continue to transact Business, as he has heretofore done, at his House on Werk & Rust.
Demerary, 25th May 1805.

Vessels Entered from the 18th to the 25th May 1805.

18 May. Schr. Jack, Capt. Benjn. Tarr, from Gloucester.
18 May. Schr. Judith, Capt. Wm. Vanderpool, from St. Bartholomews.
20 May. Schr. Topsham, Capt. Jos. Millet, from Gloucester.
20 May. Schr. George, Capt. Asd. Hewett, from Boston.
20 May. Brig Joseph, Capt. Hy. Salter, from Portsmouth.
23 May. Brig Samuel, Capt. Ths. Little, from Berbice.

List of Runaway and Arrested Slaves, on this 24th day of May 1805,

in the Stocks of Demerary.

Lyst der op heden den 24de Mey 1805, zig in Arrest bevindende

Weglopper Slaaven, in Rio Demerary.



By whom brought.





Pittman Pl. Cotage in Berb.

Gerechts Dienaars.

Jan Jacobus.




Van den Broek, in Berbice.



John Ashly.



Sandiford in Essequebo.

Mac Donal.


Hatfield en Morrow.






G. Cammel, op de Rivier.



M. Spooner.



King, in Berbice.

Paadevoorth. [sic]



Neeger Henry.



Mac Pharson.


R. Douglas, in Berbice.

Ridly en Dodson.



Bomba Circa.


Mc Pharson.



Ms. [sic] Selby, in Mahaica.

Zelf aangegeeven.









Cornfood. [sic]

And 4 New Negroes, the names of their Owners unknown.
Voorts 4 Nieuwe Negers, waarvan men de naamen der Eygenaaren niet kan ontwaaar worden
J. Runnels, Drossaart

Published and Printed by E. J. Henery, Stabroek.


Created: 23 March 2005   Last modified:     Creator: Wilmer, John Lance    Maintainer: Rodney Van Cooten
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